Women's European Volleyball Championship

The Women's European Volleyball Championship is the official competition for senior women's national volleyball teams of Europe, organized by the European Volleyball Confederation (CEV). The initial gap between championships was variable, but since 1975 they have been awarded every two years. The current champion is Serbia, which won its third title at the 2019 tournament in Turkey.

Women's European Volleyball Championship
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2019 Women's European Volleyball Championship
SportVolleyball
Founded1949
No. of teams24 (Finals)
ContinentEurope (CEV)
Most recent
champion(s)
 Serbia (3rd title)
Most titles Soviet Union (13 titles)

HistoryEdit

The first tournament was held in 1949 with participation of seven national teams. It was dominated by teams from Eastern Europe, who at that times were strongest teams not only at the European continent but also in the whole world. The teams from Eastern Europe dominated at the tournament for next four and half decades. The first European title was won by Soviet Union, who also won two next editions – in 1950 and 1951. At all three tournaments the Soviet team demonstrated overwhelming advantage – they not only won all matches, but also didn't lose any single set. This achievement was repeated by Soviet Union at the first Women's World Championship which was held in 1952 in Moscow.

In 1955, Czechoslovakia managed to break Soviet dominance and to win European gold after 3-2 victory over a Soviet Union in a decisive match at the tournament. However, Soviet team returned at first positions after victory at the 1956 World Championship next year. At the next 1958 European Championship which was held in Czechoslovakia, Soviet Union took revenge and returned European title after 3-2 victories over host team and Poland who captured silver and bronze medals respectively.

The victory in 1958 marked the beginning of the era of dominance of the Soviet Union which lasted for more than two decades. From 1958 to 1979, Soviet team didn't lose any tournament by winning 7 European titles in a row. At the next European Championship which was held in 1963, Soviet Union defended own title after difficult 3-2 victory over a Poland in a decisive match of the final round. But at next two European tournaments – in 1967 and 1971 – Soviet team demonstrated overwhelming advantage not losing any single set in all matches. European Championships held in 1975 and 1977 were also won relatively easy as all matches ended with either 3-0 or 3-1 victories. However, at the 1979 European Championship, Soviet Union faced with serious resistance from opponents. In preliminary round, Soviet Union lost 2-3 to Poland. It was only second defeat of the Soviet team at the European Championships and also their first defeat within 24 years. It, however, affected little at outcome of the tournament as Polish team was eliminated after preliminary round while Soviet team won gold medals after difficult 3-2 victories over a Romania and Bulgaria in the final round. During these two decades, Soviet Union was not only dominant power in Europe but also world volleyball superpower by winning two Olympic titles (1968, 1972), two World Championships (1960, 1970) and first edition of the Women's World Cup held in 1973.

After victory at the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow, a power of the Soviet team started to decline. At the next 1981 European Championship which was held in Bulgaria, home team finally managed to break Soviet dominance. Bulgaria won their maiden European title after 3-0 victory over a Soviet Union in a decisive match of the final round which was held in Sofia. The next four European Championships were marked by rivalry between Soviet Union and East Germany. In 1983, playing at home, East Germany obtained a remarkable victory over Soviets after trailing 0-2 in a decisive match of the final round which was held in Rostock and won their maiden European title. Two years later Soviet team took revenge and returned European title after 3-0 victory over East Germany in a decisive match of the final round. But in 1987 East Germany won European Championship for second time after 3-2 victory over Soviet Union in a final march. The last European final between these national teams took place in 1989 in Stuttgart, West Germany. Soviet team won 3-1 and returned European title.

In the late 1980s, Soviet Union was managed to return status of volleyball superpower not only in Europe but also in the world by winning 1988 Olympic Games and 1990 World Championships. At the 1991 European Championship, Soviet team demonstrated overwhelming advantage not losing any single set in all matches – including 3-0 victories over unified Germany in semifinals and Netherlands in the final match. It however was their last participation at the competition. Soviet national team finished its history with remarkable statistics - they won 13 of 17 European Championships (not losing any single set in all matches at 6 of 13 victorious tournaments), suffered only 5 defeats in 116 matches, with set ratio 341:43.

Following the Soviet Union's dissolution in December 1991, Russia (official inheritor of the Soviet team) continued to dominate in Europe. It's remarkable that their main European rival at those times (who became runner-up for the three times in a row) was Croatia strengthened by some former Soviet players such as Irina Kirillova, Yelena Chebukina, Tatyana Sidorenko and Maria Likhtenstein. In 1995, playing at home, Netherlands managed to break this dominance after 3-1 victory over a Russia in semifinals and 3-0 victory over Croatia in a final match which was held in Arnhem. This victory became historical not only for Netherlands, but also for whole Western Europe. At the next two editions – in 1997 and 1999 – Russia returned at first positions after 3-0 victories over Croatia in both final matches. But in the 2001 European Championship final Russian team faced with stronger resistance from the new rising European power – Italy (who became World Champion next year). Russia achieved difficult victory in a five-set match. Nikolay Karpol won European title as head coach for the record seventh time (starting from 1979 victory).

After victory in 2001, the period of Russia's dominance came to end, and more national teams were managed to win their maiden European title. The next tournament was surprisingly won by Poland while Russia (2001 European Champion) and Italy (2002 World Champion) faced only in 5th place match. At the 2005 European Championship, Polish team proved non-randomness of this success after 3-2 victory over a Russia in semifinals and 3-1 victory over Italy in a final match. In 2007, Italy won their maiden European title by beating Serbia 3-0 in a final match. At next European Championships, Italian team repeated this success after 3-0 victory over Netherlands in a final. In 2011, playing at home, Serbia managed to win their maiden European title after remarkable 3-2 victory over Germany in a final match which was held in Belgrade. The next two European Championships held in 2013 and 2015 were won by Russia who managed to beat home teams in the both final matches (3-1 over Germany in Berlin and 3-0 over Netherlands in Rotterdam respectively).

The 2017 European Championship took place in Azerbaijan and Georgia. The 2019 European Championship was co-hosted by Slovakia, Hungary, Poland and Turkey in 2019. Both tournaments were finished with Serbia's success who also won World Championships in 2018.

The 31 European Championship tournaments have been won by eight nations. Russia have won nineteen times (thirteen as Soviet Union). The other European Championship winners are Serbia, with three titles; Germany (as East Germany), Italy and Poland, with two titles each; and Bulgaria, Czech Republic as (Czechoslovakia) and Netherlands, with one title each.

The current format of the competition involves a qualification phase, which currently takes place over the preceding two years, to determine which teams qualify for the tournament phase, which is often called the European Championship Finals. 16 teams, including the automatically qualifying host nation(s), compete in the tournament phase for the title at venues within the host nation(s) over a period of about two weeks. For the 2019 edition the number of participants in the Finals was increased from 16 to 24.

Results summaryEdit

Year Host Final 3rd place match Teams
Champions Score Runners-up 3rd place Score 4th place
1949
Details
 
Czechoslovakia
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Czechoslovakia
 
Poland
Round-robin  
Romania
7
1950
Details
 
Bulgaria
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Poland
 
Czechoslovakia
Round-robin  
Bulgaria
6
1951
Details
 
France
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Poland
 
Yugoslavia
Round-robin  
France
6
1955
Details
 
Romania
 
Czechoslovakia
Round-robin  
Soviet Union
 
Poland
Round-robin  
Romania
6
1958
Details
 
Czechoslovakia
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Czechoslovakia
 
Poland
Round-robin  
Romania
12
1963
Details
 
Romania
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Poland
 
Romania
Round-robin  
East Germany
13
1967
Details
 
Turkey
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Poland
 
Czechoslovakia
Round-robin  
East Germany
15
1971
Details
 
Italy
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Czechoslovakia
 
Poland
Round-robin  
Bulgaria
18
1975
Details
 
Yugoslavia
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
Hungary
 
East Germany
Round-robin  
Bulgaria
12
1977
Details
 
Finland
 
Soviet Union
3–0  
East Germany
 
Hungary
3–2  
Poland
12
1979
Details
 
France
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
East Germany
 
Bulgaria
Round-robin  
Hungary
12
1981
Details
 
Bulgaria
 
Bulgaria
Round-robin  
Soviet Union
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
East Germany
12
1983
Details
 
East Germany
 
East Germany
Round-robin  
Soviet Union
 
Hungary
Round-robin  
Bulgaria
12
1985
Details
 
Netherlands
 
Soviet Union
Round-robin  
East Germany
 
Netherlands
Round-robin  
Czechoslovakia
12
1987
Details
 
Belgium
 
East Germany
3–2  
Soviet Union
 
Czechoslovakia
3–0  
Bulgaria
12
1989
Details
 
West Germany
 
Soviet Union
3–1  
East Germany
 
Italy
3–0  
Romania
12
1991
Details
 
Italy
 
Soviet Union
3–0  
Netherlands
 
Germany
3–1  
Italy
12
1993
Details
 
Czech Republic
 
Russia
3–0  
Czechoslovakia
 
Ukraine
3–1  
Italy
12
1995
Details
 
Netherlands
 
Netherlands
3–0  
Croatia
 
Russia
3–0  
Germany
12
1997
Details
 
Czech Republic
 
Russia
3–0  
Croatia
 
Czech Republic
3–0  
Bulgaria
12
1999
Details
 
Italy
 
Russia
3–0  
Croatia
 
Italy
3–0  
Germany
8
2001
Details
 
Bulgaria
 
Russia
3–2  
Italy
 
Bulgaria
3–1  
Ukraine
12
2003
Details
 
Turkey
 
Poland
3–0  
Turkey
 
Germany
3–2  
Netherlands
12
2005
Details
 
Croatia
 
Poland
3–1  
Italy
 
Russia
3–0  
Azerbaijan
12
2007
Details
   
Belgium / Luxembourg
 
Italy
3–0  
Serbia
 
Russia
3–1  
Poland
16
2009
Details
 
Poland
 
Italy
3–0  
Netherlands
 
Poland
3–0  
Germany
16
2011
Details
   
Italy / Serbia
 
Serbia
3–2  
Germany
 
Turkey
3–2  
Italy
16
2013
Details
   
Germany / Switzerland
 
Russia
3–1  
Germany
 
Belgium
3–2  
Serbia
16
2015
Details
   
Belgium / Netherlands
 
Russia
3–0  
Netherlands
 
Serbia
3–0  
Turkey
16
2017
Details
   
Azerbaijan / Georgia
 
Serbia
3–1  
Netherlands
 
Turkey
3–1  
Azerbaijan
16
2019[1]
Details
       
Slovakia / Hungary / Poland / Turkey
 
Serbia
3–2  
Turkey
 
Italy
3–0  
Poland
24
2021[2]
Details
       
Serbia / Croatia / Bulgaria / Romania
24

Total hostsEdit

Hosts Nations (Year(s))
4   Italy (1971, 1991, 1999, 2011*)
3   Belgium (1987, 2007*, 2015*)
  Bulgaria (1950, 1981, 2001)
  Netherlands (1985, 1995, 2015*)
  Turkey (1967, 2003, 2019*)
2   Czech Republic (1993, 1997)
  Czechoslovakia (1949, 1958)
  France (1951, 1979)
  Poland (2009, 2019*)
  Romania (1955, 1963)
1   Azerbaijan (2017*)
  Croatia (2005)
  East Germany (1983)
  Finland (1977)
  Georgia (2017*)
  Germany (2013*)
  Hungary (2019*)
  Luxembourg (2007*)
  Serbia (2011*)
  Slovakia (2019*)
   Switzerland (2013*)
  West Germany (1989)
  Yugoslavia (1975)
* = co-hosts

Medals summaryEdit

 
Euro Women's Championship 2015
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union134017
2  Russia6039
3  Serbia3115
4  Poland24511
5  East Germany2417
6  Italy2237
7  Czechoslovakia1438
8  Netherlands1416
9  Bulgaria1023
10  Croatia0303
11  Germany0224
  Turkey0224
13  Hungary0134
14  Belgium0011
  Czech Republic0011
  Romania0011
  Ukraine0011
  Yugoslavia0011
Totals (18 nations)31313193

Participating nationsEdit

[citation needed]

Team  
1949
(7)
 
1950
(6)
 
1951
(6)
 
1955
(6)
 
1958
(12)
 
1963
(13)
 
1967
(15)
 
1971
(18)
 
1975
(12)
 
1977
(12)
 
1979
(12)
 
1981
(12)
 
1983
(12)
 
1985
(12)
 
1987
(12)
 
1989
(12)
 
1991
(12)
 
1993
(12)
 
1995
(12)
 
1997
(12)
 
1999
(8)
 
2001
(12)
 
2003
(12)
 
2005
(12)
  Albania 11th
  Austria 12th 12th 17th
  Azerbaijan Part of   Soviet Union 4th
  Belarus Part of   Soviet Union 8th 8th 11th
  Belgium 14th 12th 12th 12th
  Bulgaria 4th 5th 5th 5th 6th 4th 4th 7th 3rd 1st 4th 10th 4th 7th 7th 9th 5th 4th 7th 3rd 7th 9th
  Czech Republic See   Czechoslovakia 10th 3rd 10th 11th
  Croatia Part of   Yugoslavia 6th 2nd 2nd 2nd 9th 8th
  Denmark 13th 16th
  England 18th
  Finland 12th 12th
  France 5th 4th 9th 13th 11th 10th 8th 7th 10th 9th 8th
  Germany See   East Germany and   West Germany 3rd 5th 4th 10th 4th 11th 3rd 11th
  Greece 12th 8th 12th 12th
  Hungary 6th 6th 6th 6th 7th 5th 5th 2nd 3rd 4th 3rd 3rd 9th 10th
  Israel 8th 11th
  Italy 6th 11th 8th 9th 11th 8th 7th 5th 6th 3rd 4th 4th 6th 5th 3rd 2nd 6th 2nd
  Latvia Part of   Soviet Union 11th 12th 8th
  Netherlands 7th 5th 10th 9th 7th 9th 11th 10th 6th 9th 11th 3rd 5th 2nd 7th 1st 9th 5th 5th 4th 5th
  Poland 3rd 2nd 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 2nd 3rd 6th 4th 8th 5th 9th 7th 11th 9th 10th 9th 6th 8th 6th 1st 1st
  Romania 4th 5th 4th 4th 3rd 9th 7th 7th 6th 5th 7th 6th 11th 8th 4th 6th 10th 12th 6th 7th 8th 10th
  Russia See   Soviet Union 1st 3rd 1st 1st 1st 5th 3rd
  Slovakia Part of   Czechoslovakia 12th
  Spain 12th
  Sweden 15th 15th 12th
   Switzerland 13th 12th
  Turkey 10th 12th 12th 11th 11th 2nd 6th
  Ukraine Part of   Soviet Union 3rd 7th 7th 4th 9th
Discontinued nations
  Czechoslovakia 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 6th 3rd 2nd 5th 5th 7th 6th 8th 4th 3rd 5th 5th 2nd See   Czech Republic
  East Germany 8th 4th 4th 6th 3rd 2nd 2nd 4th 1st 2nd 1st 2nd See   Germany
  Serbia and Montenegro See   Yugoslavia 10th 7th
  Soviet Union 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 1st See   Russia
  West Germany 11th 11th 10th 10th 10th 8th 9th 10th 5th 6th 9th 6th See   Germany
  Yugoslavia 3rd 7th 8th 14th 8th 9th 10th 11th 8th 12th See   Serbia and Montenegro
Team  
 
2007
(16)
 
2009
(16)
 
 
2011
(16)
 
 
2013
(16)
 
 
2015
(16)
 
 
2017
(16)
 
 
 
 
2019
(24)
Total
  Albania 1
  Austria 3
  Azerbaijan 12th 12th 9th 15th 14th 4th 10th 8
  Belarus 16th 15th 12th 9th 7th 22nd 9
  Belgium 7th 11th 3rd 6th 14th 9th 10
  Bulgaria 11th 8th 14th 13th 13th 9th 8th 29
  Czech Republic 9th 10th 8th 10th 11th 12th 10
  Croatia 14th 16th 12th 5th 10th 11th 11th 13
  Denmark 2
  England 1
  Estonia 23rd 1
  Finland 18th 3
  France 8th 14th 10th 8th 21st 16
  Georgia 16th 1
  Germany 6th 4th 2nd 2nd 5th 8th 6th 15
  Greece 14th 5
  Hungary 12th 15th 20th 17
  Israel 16th 3
  Italy 1st 1st 4th 6th 7th 5th 3rd 25
  Latvia 3
  Netherlands 5th 2nd 7th 9th 2nd 2nd 5th 28
  Poland 4th 3rd 5th 11th 8th 10th 4th 30
  Portugal 24th 1
  Romania 12th 15th 13th 25
  Russia 3rd 6th 6th 1st 1st 6th 7th 14
  Serbia 2nd 7th 1st 4th 3rd 1st 1st 7
  Slovakia 13th 13th 12th 4
  Slovenia 16th 16th 2
  Spain 15th 9th 11th 16th 15th 6
  Sweden 3
   Switzerland 14th 19th 4
  Turkey 10th 5th 3rd 7th 4th 3rd 2nd 14
  Ukraine 15th 13th 17th 8

MVP by editionEdit

Most successful playersEdit

Boldface denotes active volleyball players and highest medal count among all players (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Multiple gold medalistsEdit

Rank Player Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Natalya Morozova   Soviet Union
  Russia
1991 2001 5 1 6
Yelena Tyurina (Batukhtina)   Soviet Union
  Russia
1989 2001 5 1 6
3 Yelena Chebukina (Ovchinnikova)   Soviet Union
  Russia
  Croatia
1983 1997 4 4 8
4 Valentina Ogiyenko   Soviet Union
  Russia
1983 1995 4 2 1 7
5 Aleksandra Chudina   Soviet Union 1949 1958 4 1 5
6 Yevgeniya Artamonova   Russia 1993 2001 4 1 5
Yelizaveta Tishchenko   Russia 1993 2001 4 1 5
8 Nina Smoleyeva   Soviet Union 1967 1977 4 4
Militiya Yeremeyeva (Kononova)   Soviet Union 1949 1958 4 4
10 Lyudmila Buldakova (Meshcheryakova)   Soviet Union 1955 1971 3 1 4
Lyudmila Chernyshyova   Soviet Union 1975 1981 3 1 4
Irina Ilchenko (Smirnova)   Soviet Union
  Russia
1987 1993 3 1 4
Nadezhda Radzevich (Zezyulya)   Soviet Union 1975 1981 3 1 4
Tatyana Sidorenko   Soviet Union
  Croatia
1985 1997 3 1 4

Multiple medalistsEdit

The table shows those who have won at least 5 medals in total at the European Championships.

Rank Player Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Yelena Chebukina (Ovchinnikova)   Soviet Union
  Russia
  Croatia
1983 1997 4 4 8
2 Valentina Ogiyenko   Soviet Union
  Russia
1983 1995 4 2 1 7
3 Natalya Morozova   Soviet Union
  Russia
1991 2001 5 1 6
Yelena Tyurina (Batukhtina)   Soviet Union
  Russia
1989 2001 5 1 6
5 Yelena Godina   Russia 1995 2007 3 3 6
6 Aleksandra Chudina   Soviet Union 1949 1958 4 1 5
7 Yevgeniya Artamonova   Russia 1993 2001 4 1 5
Yelizaveta Tishchenko   Russia 1993 2001 4 1 5
9 Eleonora Lo Bianco   Italy 1999 2009 2 2 1 5
Ariane Radfan   East Germany
  Germany
1983 1991 2 2 1 5
Ute Steppin (Oldenburg)   East Germany
  Germany
1983 1991 2 2 1 5
12 Irina Kirillova (Parkhomchuk)   Soviet Union
  Croatia
1983 1997 1 4 5

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.cev.lu/News.aspx?NewsID=26068&ID=5
  2. ^ "Croatia complete pool of EuroVolley 2021 Women host countries". cev.eu. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 22 December 2019.

External linksEdit