European Volleyball Confederation
The Confédération Européenne de Volleyball or CEV is the continental governing body for the sports of volleyball, beach volleyball and snow volleyball in Europe. Its headquarters are located in Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
Although the CEV was formed on October 21, 1963, in Bucharest, Romania volleyball became popular in Europe many years before. The majority of the teams that attended the Congress which eventually led to the foundation of the FIVB in 1947 were from this continent. In fact, the foundation itself is supposed to have been a move on the part of European national federations.
Volleyball was invented in the United States, but became for the first time an extremely popular sport in eastern Europe, after being introduced by American soldiers during World War I. By the middle of the century, it had already spread through the rest of the continent as well. Many techniques and tactics that are commonplace in modern volleyball have been allegedly introduced by European teams. Amongst others, it would be worthy of note here: blocking (Czechoslovakia, 1938); penetration of the setter, which eventually led to the development of the so-called 5-1 system (USSR, 1949); forearm pass (Czechoslovakia, 1958); and backrow attack (Poland, 1974).
The long and significant tradition of the sport in the continent may at least partially account for the administrative structure employed by the CEV, which rivals the FIVB's in size and comprehensiveness. It is the biggest of all volleyball confederations, and the one that organizes the largest number of annual competitions and tournaments. As of 2005, its headquarters are located in Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
As the presiding entity over European volleyball federations, the CEV organizes continental competitions such as the prestigious European Championship (first edition, 1948), the CEV Cup and the European League. It participates in the organization of qualification tournaments for major events such as the Olympic Games or the men's and women's World Championships, and of international competitions hosted by one of its affiliated federations. The CEV family increased its membership to 56 Federations following the approval of Kosovo on the opening day of the 35th FIVB World Congress held on October 5, 2016 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Europe is considered the strongest continent in the field of volleyball. The CEV has usually more spots reserved in international competitions than any other confederation.
Russia, which inherited most of the players and coaches from former USSR and CIS, has arguably the most stable volleyball programme, supporting top level women's and men's teams. The same may be said of Italy, although only in later years women's volleyball was fully developed in this country.
Serbia, Poland, Italy, Bulgaria and The Netherlands must also be counted as continental forces in men's volleyball. At a lower level of play, one may consider a few other teams with some tradition in this realm, such as France; and at an even lower level, but still capable of occasionally upseting stronger teams, Germany, Spain, Greece and possibly Portugal. In 2015 Slovenia made history ending in second place the 2015 European Championship.
Competition is less tough in the domain of women's volleyball. Russia, Serbia and Italy are rarely threatened by any other team in major competitions. Apart from these three, Germany, which has drawn players both from West and East Germany, may be viewed as the next most traditional European team. With more inconsistent results and often depending on the excellence of individual players, one may also take into consideration: The Netherlands, Romania and more recently Poland and Turkey.
As of 2018, the following 56 national federations were affiliated to the CEV. The countries are listed alphabetically.
|ALB||Albania||Federata Shqiptare e Volejbollit|
|AND||Andorra||Federació Andorrana de Voleibol|
|ARM||Armenia||Volleyball Federation of Armenia|
|AUT||Austria||Österreichischer Volleyball Verband|
|AZE||Azerbaijan||Azərbaycan Voleybol Federasiyası|
|BLR||Belarus||Belarus Volleyball Federation|
|BEL||Belgium||Fédération Royale Belge de Volleyball|
|BIH||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Odbojkaški savez Bosne i Hercegovine|
|BUL||Bulgaria||Bulgarska Federatsiya Volejbol|
|CRO||Croatia||Hrvatski odbojkaški savez|
|CYP||Cyprus||Kypriaki Omospondia Petosfairisis|
|CZE||Czech Republic||Český Volejbalový Svaz|
|DEN||Denmark||Dansk Volleyball Forbund|
|EST||Estonia||Eesti Võrkpalli Liit|
|FAR||Faroe Islands||Flogbóltssamband Føroya|
|FIN||Finland||Suomen Lentopalloliitto F. Y.|
|FRA||France||Fédération Française de Volleyball|
|GEO||Georgia||Georgian Volleyball Federation|
|GER||Germany||Deutscher Volleyball Verband|
|GIB||Gibraltar||Gibraltar Volleyball Association|
|GRE||Greece||Hellenic Volleyball Federation|
|GRL||Greenland||Kalaallit Nunaanni Volleyballertartut Kattuffiat|
|HUN||Hungary||Magyar Röplabda Szövetség|
|ISR||Israel||Igud HaKadur'af BeIsrael|
|ITA||Italy||Federazione Italiana Pallavolo|
|KOS||Kosovo||Federata e Volejbollit e Kosovës|
|LAT||Latvia||Latvijas volejbola federācija|
|LIE||Liechtenstein||Liechtensteiner Volleyball Verband|
|LTU||Lithuania||Lietuvos tinklinio federacija|
|LUX||Luxembourg||Fédération Luxembourgeoise de Volleyball|
|MKD||North Macedonia||Odbojkarska Federacija na Makedonija|
|MLT||Malta||Malta Volleyball Association|
|MLD||Moldova||Federaţia Moldovenească de Volei|
|MON||Monaco||Fédération Monégasque de Volleyball|
|MNE||Montenegro||Odbojkaški savez Crne Gore|
|NIR||Northern Ireland||Northern Ireland Volleyball Association|
|POL||Poland||Polski Związek Piłki Siatkowej|
|POR||Portugal||Federação Portuguesa de Voleibol|
|ROU||Romania||Federaţia Română de Volei|
|RUS||Russia||Volleyball Federation of Russia|
|SMR||San Marino||Federazione Sammarinese Pallavolo|
|SCO||Scotland||Scottish Volleyball Association|
|SRB||Serbia||Odbojkaški savez Srbije|
|SVK||Slovakia||Slovenská Volejbalová Federácia|
|SLO||Slovenia||Odbojkarska Zveza Slovenije|
|ESP||Spain||Real Federación Española de Voleibol|
|TUR||Turkey||Türkiye Voleybol Federasyonu|
|UKR||Ukraine||Ukrainian Volleyball Federation|
National Teams CompetitionsEdit
- Men's European Volleyball Championship
- Women's European Volleyball Championship
- Men's European Volleyball League
- Women's European Volleyball League
- European Games
- Men's Junior European Volleyball Championship
- Women's Junior European Volleyball Championship
- Boys' Youth European Volleyball Championship
- Girls' Youth European Volleyball Championship
- European Volleyball Championship U16 Women (from 2017)
- European Volleyball Championship U17 Men (from 2017)
- European Beach Volleyball Championships
- European Beach Volleyball Tour
- European U22 Beach Volleyball Championships (U23 until 2013)
- European U20 Beach Volleyball Championships
- European U18 Beach Volleyball Championships
- "About the CEV". European Volleyball Confederation. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
- "Competition History". European Volleyball Confederation. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
- "CEV U20 Beach Volleyball European Championship 2019". European Volleyball Confederation. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "CEV U18 Beach Volleyball European Championship 2019". European Volleyball Confederation. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "History & Future: The Development of the Game". snowvolleyball.at. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "CEV - Zonal Associations". www.cev.eu. Retrieved 26 July 2018.