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State Trunk Highway 27 (often called Highway 27, STH 27 or WIS 27) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The highway spans a length of 294 miles (473 km) and is generally two-lane local road with the exception of urban multilane arterials within some cities. Earlier routing of the highway had it reaching Superior along the present US 53 and Fennimore along the present US 61 and following I-94 between Black River Falls and Osseo.

State Trunk Highway 27 marker

State Trunk Highway 27
Route information
Maintained by WisDOT
Length294.1 mi[1] (473.3 km)
Major junctions
South end US 18 / WIS 60 in Prairie du Chien
  US 14 / US 61 in Viroqua
US 14 / US 61 in Westby
I-90 in Sparta
US 12 in Black River Falls
I-94 in Black River Falls
US 10 in Fairchild
US 12 in Augusta
US 8 in Ladysmith
US 63 / WIS 77 in Hayward
North end US 2 in Brule
Location
CountiesCrawford, Vernon, Monroe, Jackson, Clark, Eau Claire, Chippewa, Rusk, Sawyer, Bayfield, Douglas
Highway system
WIS 26WIS 28

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

In southern Crawford County, WIS 27 begins at a junction with US 18, WIS 60 and WIS 35 in Prairie du Chien. The highway turns north after a three-mile (5 km) northeast stretch out of the city and passes through Eastman and Mount Sterling.[2] After entering Vernon County, WIS 27 converges with Wisconsin Highway 82 and turns northeast in Fargo. The two highways continue concurrent for seven miles (11 km) and turn northwest onto US 14 and US 61. WIS 82 turns east off the concurrency in downtown Viroqua at the junction with WIS 56 west. WIS 27 turns north off the concurrency with the U.S. Highways in Westby and crosses into Monroe County near Newry.[3] The highway crosses WIS 33 in Cashton, Wisconsin and passes through Melvina before crossing I-90 just south of Sparta. In downtown Sparta, WIS 27 crosses WIS 16. The junction is also the west terminus of WIS 21 and the point where WIS 71 west joins WIS 27 heading north. WIS 71 west follows WIS 16 east. WIS 71 turns westward off the highway near Four Corners. WIS 27 enters Jackson County seven miles (11 km) north of the WIS 71 West junction.[4]

WIS 27 junctions with US 12 east on the south side of Black River Falls. The two highways run concurrent through the city and junction with WIS 54 in the city center and I-94 on the north side. US 12 and WIS 27 cross WIS 95 in Merrillan and enter Clark County four miles (6 km) north of Merrillan.[5] The two highway pass through Humbird and turn west onto US 10 and pass back into Jackson County.[5] After entering Eau Claire County, US 12 and WIS 27 turn northwest off US 10 in Fairchild. WIS 27 turns north off US 12 in Augusta.[6] The highway crosses WIS 29 five miles (8 km) north of the Chippewa County line in Cadott. and junctions with WIS 64 in Cornell. WIS 27 enters Rusk County five miles (8 km) north of Holcombe.[7]

The entire stretch of WIS 27 is due north–south and passes through only one city, Ladysmith, midway through the county. WIS 27 crosses US 8 in Ladysmith.[8] Eleven miles after crossing into Sawyer County, WIS 27 turns west onto WIS 70 in Ojibwa. The two highways pass through Radisson and Couderay along a stair-stepped northwest trek. WIS 27 turns north off the concurrency near Sand Lake The highway junctions with US 63 and WIS 77 in Hayward. WIS 77 west follows WIS 27 north for three miles (5 km) north of Hayward. WIS 27 enters Bayfield County seven miles (11 km) north of the WIS 77 west junction.[9] WIS 27 passes through the county for 13 miles (21 km) before turning west into Douglas County[10] WIS 27 turns north again and continues to its north terminus is at a junction with US 2 in Brule[11]

HistoryEdit

When first added as part of the original Wisconsin state trunkline in 1918, WIS 27's northern terminus was at Sparta.[12] It was extended further to WIS 12 at Shamrock in the early 1920s. It was extended to follow the current routing through Hayward (with the exception of the portion through Rusk and Sawyer counties to Radisson) - where it followed present day WIS 77 and US 53 (then WIS 11) to Superior in 1924.[13][14] When US 61 was added in the late 1920s, WIS 27 was re-routed to Fennimore from Viroqua until 1932 - when it was restored to its original routing to Prairie du Chien. The present route in Rusk and Sawyer Counties was opened in the late 1940s and the section north of Hayward was rerouted along the present alignment in 1948. The section of WIS 27 between Black River falls and Augusta was rerouted to follow I-94 between Hixton and Osseo in 1967, but was relocated back to the section following US 12 in 1972.[15]

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
CrawfordPrairie du Chien   US 18 / WIS 60 – Marquette
  WIS 35 – Lynxville
Eastman  WIS 179 east – Steuben
Seneca  CTH-E
Mount Sterling  WIS 171 – Ferryville, Gays Mills
Rising Sun  CTH-B
VernonFargo  WIS 82 west – De SotoWIS 81 east follow WIS 27 north
Viroqua   US 14 east / US 61 south – MadisonWIS 27 North / WIS 82 East follow US 14 West / US 61 North
   WIS 56 / WIS 82 east – Genoa, Viola, La FargeWIS 82 West follow US 14 East / US 61 South / WIS 27 South
Westby   US 14 west / US 61 north – Coon Valley, La CrosseWIS 27 South follow US 14 East / US 61 South
MonroeCashton  WIS 33 – Middle Ridge, Cashton
Melvina  CTH-F
Sparta  I-90 – La Crosse, Madison
    WIS 16 / WIS 21 east / WIS 71 east – West Salem, TomahWIS 71 West follow WIS 27 North
Four Corners  WIS 71 west – MelroseWIS 71 East follow WIS 27 South
Cataract  CTH-I
JacksonBlack River Falls  US 12 east – TomahWIS 27 North follow US 12 West
  WIS 54 – Melrose, Wis Rapids
  I-94 – Eau Claire, Madison
Merrillan  WIS 95 – Alma Center, Neillsville
ClarkHumbird   CTH-B / CTH-F
Fairchild  US 10 east – NeillsvilleUS 12 West / WIS 27 North follow US 10 West
Jackson  US 10 west – OsseoUS 12 East / WIS 27 South follow US 10 East
Eau Claire  CTH-H
Augusta  US 12 west – Eau ClaireWIS 27 South follow US 12 East
  CTH-D
ChippewaCadott  WIS 29 – Chippewa Falls, Wausau
Cornell  WIS 64 – Bloomer, Gilman
Holcombe  CTH-M
Rusk  CTH-D
Ladysmith  US 8 – Cameron, Prentice
SawyerOjibwa  WIS 70 east – Winter, FifieldWIS 27 North follow WIS 70 West
Radisson  WIS 40 south – Bruce
Couderay  CTH-CC
Sand Lake  WIS 70 west – Stone Lake, SpoonerWIS 27 South follow WIS 70 East
Hayward   US 63 / WIS 77 east – Spooner, Mellen, AshlandWIS 77 West follow WIS 27 North
  WIS 77 west – MinongWIS 77 East follow WIS 27 South
Bayfield   CTH-N / CTH-Y
DouglasWinneboujou  CTH-B
Brule  US 2 – Superior, Ashland
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bessert, Chris. "Wisconsin Highways: Highways 20-29 (Highway 27)". Wisconsin Highways. Retrieved 2007-03-20.
  2. ^ Crawford Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
  3. ^ Vernon Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
  4. ^ Monroe Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
  5. ^ a b Clark Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
  6. ^ Eau Claire Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
  7. ^ Chippewa Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
  8. ^ Rusk Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
  9. ^ Sawyer Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
  10. ^ Bayfield Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
  11. ^ Douglas Co (pdf) (Map). Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
  12. ^ "Original State Trunk Highway System in Wisconsin". Southeast Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission. 1918. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
  13. ^ "Rand McNally Auto Road Atlas". Rand McNally. 1926. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
  14. ^ "Rand McNally Auto Road Atlas". Rand McNally. 1926. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
  15. ^ Bessert, Chris. "Wisconsin Highways: Highways 20-29 (Highway 27)". Wisconsin Highways. Retrieved 2008-02-24.