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Wisconsin Highway 16

State Trunk Highway 16 (often called Highway 16, STH-16 or WIS 16) is a Wisconsin state highway running from Pewaukee across the state to La Crosse. Much of its route in the state parallels the former mainline of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad (Milwaukee Road). The highway parallels Interstate 90 (I-90) or I-94 for most of its length in the state. It serves local traffic in nearby cities including La Crosse, Tomah, Wisconsin Dells, Portage, Columbus, Watertown, Oconomowoc and Waukesha. The highway is mainly two-lane surface road or urban multi-lane expressway from La Crosse to Oconomowoc, and it is a freeway east of Oconomowoc.

State Trunk Highway 16 marker

State Trunk Highway 16
Route information
Maintained by WisDOT
Length193.2 mi[1] (310.9 km)
Major junctions
West end US 14 / US 61 / MN 16 in La Crosse
 
East end I-94 in Waukesha
Location
CountiesLa Crosse, Monroe, Juneau, Sauk, Columbia, Dodge, Jefferson, Waukesha
Highway system
WIS 15WIS 17

Route descriptionEdit

 
The La Crosse West Channel Bridge carrying US 14, US 61, MN 16, and WIS 16 across the Mississippi River between La Crescent, Minnesota, and La Crosse, Wisconsin over the river's West Channel

WIS 16 enters from Minnesota via a connection with Trunk Highway 16 on the Mississippi River, running concurrently with US Highway 14 (US 14) and US 61. After the two US Highways turn south to follow 3rd Street in downtown La Crosse, WIS 16 passes through La Crosse via Cass and 7th streets and West Avene, crossing WIS 35 at Lang Drive. WIS 16 passes the northern edge of the University of Wisconsin–La Crosse campus, then turns north at Losey Boulevard North.[2]

The route then turns northeastward and junctions with I-90 six miles (9.7 km) northeast of the city. WIS 16 becomes a parallel route to I-90 and passes through West Salem where it connects with WIS 108. Wisconsin Highway 162 junctions just north of Bangor. WIS 16 crosses into Monroe County in Rockland.[3] WIS 16 enters Sparta and junctions with WIS 21, WIS 27, and WIS 71. WIS 16 provides access to the Elroy-Sparta State Bike Trail.

The route then follows I-90 very closely as a frontage road to Tomah where it junctions with WIS 131 and joins US 12. The highways continue paralleling I-90 and I-94 southeast and pass through Oakdale and into Juneau County.[4]

 
The freeway section of Highway 16, looking East from the Ryan Street overpass in Pewaukee, Wisconsin

WIS 16 and US 12 pass through Camp Douglas and cross WIS 80 in New Lisbon. The highways then junction with WIS 58 and WIS 82 in Mauston as they continue southeast. The routes slowly trek eastward and pass through Lyndon Station where Rocky Arbor State Park is located. The highways turn southeast again and crossing the Interstates and into Sauk County and Wisconsin Dells.[5]

WIS 16 turns east off of US 12 onto WIS 13 north and passes through downtown Wisconsin Dells and into Columbia County. WIS 23 East also joins the highways at the same point.[6] WIS 16 turns off from WIS 13 and WIS 23 and junctions with WIS 127 one mile (1.6 km) southeast. WIS 16 follows the Wisconsin River into Portage, meeting the other terminus of WIS 127 at the interchange with I-39.

The highway then passes through Portage, crossing WIS 33 and joining US 51 south for five miles (8.0 km). WIS 16 turns east off the US route and crosses WIS 22 in Wyocena and passes through Rio, Doylestown and Fall River. WIS 60 joins WIS 16 and together, they cross US 151, WIS 73 and junction with WIS 89 in Columbus as they enter Dodge County.[7]

WIS 16 and WIS 60 turn east and pass through the unincorporated town of Astico and Lowell. WIS 16 leaves WIS 60 and joins WIS 26 at the junction of the two highways in Clyman. WIS 16 leaves WIS 26 and bypasses Watertown to the north and east and into Jefferson County.[8] WIS 19 terminates on WIS 16 east of Watertown.

WIS 16 passes around Ixonia, becomes an expressway, and enters Waukesha County along a bypass of Oconomowoc.[9] WIS 67 joins the expressway north of Oconomowoc. WIS 16 turns east onto the freeway segment and passes into Hartland, crossing WIS 83 there. WIS 190, also known as Capitol Drive, terminates at WIS 16 as the freeway turns south in Pewaukee. WIS 16 ends at a flyover interchange and its traffic merges onto I-94 east near Waukesha.[10]

HistoryEdit

In 1918, today's alignment of WIS 16 was WIS 21 from La Crosse to New Lisbon, along with WIS 12 east of Tomah. The route from Kilbourn (Wisconsin Dells) to Clyman was WIS 29. WIS 26 followed its current alignment to Watertown and the route from Watertown to Waukesha was WIS 19.[11] WIS 29 was extended westward to La Crosse when WIS 21 was truncated back to north of New Lisbon. When the U.S. Routes debuted in 1926, WIS 29 was removed from the books as the entire alignment was replaced by US 16.[12] WIS 19 was truncated back to its current terminus.

The current eastern terminus of WIS 16 was the site of the dedication ceremonies for the first completed segment of Interstate 94 in Wisconsin. The segment was opened on September 4, 1958. The first major interchange on the new Interstate was originally where US 16 turned north towards Pewaukee and WIS 30 continued west with I-94. The section of US 16 between the interchange outside of Waukesha and downtown Milwaukee was truncated at the interchange in the 1960s. US 16's designation was removed from the route and replaced with the current WIS 16 in 1978.[13]

The original WIS 16 followed present day WIS 29 from Chippewa Falls to Green Bay via Wausau and Shawano. The route then followed a route that would become US 141 to Manitowoc where it ended at then WIS 17 (present day WIS 42).[1]

Oconomowoc bypassEdit

The alignment of the eastern section of Highway 16 changed in late 2006 when the rest of the Oconomowoc bypass was opened to traffic. The four-lane, limited access divided highway routes Highway 16 around Lac La Belle on the west side of the city, meeting up with Highway 67 north of downtown. Eventually, the bypass will result in the removal of the state highway designation from Wisconsin Avenue through downtown Oconomowoc.

The signs for Highway 16 through downtown Oconomowoc have not yet been changed, due to the reconstruction of Wisconsin Avenue through the downtown area during the summer of 2008.[14] As of November 2008, Oconomowoc officials and WisDOT had not yet set a firm date for the jurisdictional transfer, though it was likely that it will be done by the summer of 2009.[15]

Currently, the limited-access highway around Oconomowoc is designated as Wisconsin Highway 16 on signage. Some signage, especially the signs located at the end of the freeway segment on West Highway 16 when a right turn must be made to continue on the bypass, say Bypass West Wisconsin Highway 16.[16]

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmikmExit[17]DestinationsNotes
La CrosseLa Crosse0.000.00    
     US 14 west / US 61 north / MN 16 west / I-90 Alt. west – La Crescent
Minnesota state line (La Crosse West Channel Bridge)
11.6Mississippi River Bridge over the Mississippi River
1.42.3     US 14 east / US 61 south / US 53 / Great River Road south (3rd Street) / I-90 Alt. – Viroqua, CashtonOne-way street; eastern end of US 14/US 61/GRR overlap; national southern terminus of SB US 53; I-90 Alt. follows US 53 (3rd St.); eastern end of WB I-90 Alt. concurrency
    US 14 / US 61 / Great River Road (4th Street)One-way street, inbound access only; western end of EB US 14 west/US 61/GRR north overlap
     US 14 west / US 61 north / US 53 / Great River Road north (3rd Street north) / I-90 Alt. east – Onalaska, La CrescentOne-way streets, outbound access only; eastern end of EB US 14 west/US 61/GRR north overlap; national southern terminus of NB US 53; I-90 Alt. follows US 53/GRR north (3rd St.)
  WIS 35 (Lang Drive / West Avenue)
  CTH-B (Gillette Street) / Sunset LaneWestern end of CTH-B concurrency
  CTH-B / Coneco Road – Barre Mills, La Crosse River State TrailEastern end of CTH-B concurrency
OnalaskaHoliday HeightsInterchange
La Crosse  
   WIS 157 west / Alt. I-90 west – Onalaska, Airport
Western end of Alt. I-90 concurrency
Onalaska  I-90 – Minnesota, Madison, AirportExit 5 along I-90
West Salem  
   CTH-C / Alt. I-90 (Leonard Street North)
Western end of CTH-C concurrency
   WIS 108 north / CTH-C – Mindoro, MelroseEastern end of CTH-C concurrency
Town of Burns  WIS 162 north – MelroseWestern end of WIS 162 concurrency
  
   WIS 162 south / Alt. I-90 – Bangor
Eastern end of WIS 162 concurrency
MonroeSparta   
    WIS 27 / WIS 71 west / Alt. I-90 (Black River Street) – Black River Falls, Cashton
Western end of WIS 21 / WIS 71 concurrency
  WIS 21 east (Water Street) – Fort McCoy, Business Districteast end of WIS 21 overlap
  WIS 71 east – NorwalkEastern end of WIS 71 concurrency
  I-90 – Tomah, Madison, La CrosseExit 28 along I-90
Tomah    
     US 12 west / WIS 131 south / Alt. I-90 / Alt. I-94 west (Superior Avenue) – Black River Falls, Wilton, Amtrak Station
Western end of US 12 / Alt. I-94 concurrency
  
   I-90 / Alt. I-94 – Madison, La Crosse
Exit 43 along I-90
Oakdale    
     CTH-N / CTH-PP / Alt. I-90 / Alt. I-94 (Oakwood Street)
JuneauCamp Douglas   CTH-C / CTH-H – Camp Douglaswest end of CTH C / CTH H overlap
  CTH-H / Castle Streeteast end of CTH H overlap
    CTH-C to I-90 / I-94 – Camp Williams, Volk Fieldeast end of CTH C overlap
New Lisbon    
     WIS 80 north / CTH-A / Alt. I-90 / Alt. I-94 (Bridge Street) – Necedah
Western end of WIS 80 concurrency
  WIS 80 south (Monroe Street) – Elroy, Elroy-Sparta State Trail, The "400" State TrailEastern end of WIS 80 concurrency
MaustonDivision Streetformer WIS 58 south / WIS 82 west / CTH G
      WIS 58 / WIS 82 / CTH-G (Union Street) to I-90 / I-94
Lyndon Station    CTH-HH to I-90 / I-94
   I-90 / I-94 – Tomah, MadisonExit 85 along I-90 / I-94
SaukWisconsin Dells  CTH-Awest end of CTH A overlap
     
      US 12 east / WIS 23 west / CTH-A / Alt. I-90 east / Alt. I-94 east – Lake Delton
   
    WIS 13 south / Alt. I-90 / Alt. I-94 – Madison
Eastern end of US 12 / CTH A / Alt. I-90 / Alt. I-94 concurrency; west end of WIS 13 / WIS 23 concurrency
Columbia   
    WIS 13 north / WIS 23 east / Alt. I-39 north – Wis Rapids, Montello
east end of WIS 13 / WIS 23 / Alt. I-39 concurrency
  WIS 127 east – Briggsville
Portage      I-39 / WIS 127 west to I-90 / US 51 / WIS 78 – Stevens Point, Merrimac, Madison, Briggsville, Columbia Correctional InstitutionI-39 exit 89; west end of Alt. I-90 overlap
MacFarlane Roadwest end of WIS 16 east / US 51 south overlap
  WIS 33 (Cook Street)
   US 51 north (DeWitt Street) to WIS 33 eastwest end of WIS 16 west / US 51 north overlap
   
    US 51 south / Alt. I-39 south / Alt. I-90 east – Madison
east end of US 51 / Alt. I-39 / Alt. I-90 overlap
Wyocena  WIS 22 – Wyocena, MadisonInterchange
  WIS 146 north – Cambria
Columbus  WIS 60 west – Arlington, LodiWestern end of WIS 60 concurrency
  US 151 – Beaver Dam, Sun Prairie, Madisoninterchange; US 151 exit 118
   WIS 73 (Ludington Street) to WIS 89
Dodge   WIS 26 north / WIS 60 east – Juneau, HustisfordInterchange; eastern end of WIS 60 concurrency; western end of WIS 26 concurrency; WIS 26 exit 52
  WIS 26 south (Bus. WIS 16 east) – WatertownInterchange; eastern end of WIS 26 concurrency; western end of Bus. WIS 26 overlap; WIS 26 exit 45
  
   Bus. WIS 26 south to CTH-L – Watertown
Interchange; east end of Bus. WIS 26 overlap
  To CTH-MInterchange
Jefferson  
   WIS 19 west / Bus. WIS 16 west – Watertown
Interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
OconomowocInterchange
Waukesha  WIS 67 north – Oconomowoc, MayvilleInterchange; western end of WIS 67 concurrency
   
    WIS 67 south / Alt. I-94 west to I-94 – Downtown Oconomowoc
Interchange; eastern end of WIS 67 concurrency; west end of Alt. I-94 overlap; west end of freeway
176  CTH-P (Brown Street) / Gifford Road
178  CTH-P (Sawyer Road)
Nashotah179  CTH-C – Nashotah, Delafield
181  
   WIS 83 / Alt. I-94 – Delafield, Chenequa
Hartland182   CTH-E / CTH-KC – Hartland, MertonEastbound exit and westbound entrance
183   CTH-KC / CTH-E – Hartland, MertonEastbound entrance and westbound exit
184   CTH-JK / CTH-KE (Jungbluth Road / North Shore Drive)
City of Pewaukee186  CTH-KF (Ryan Street)
Village of Pewaukee187  WIS 190 (Capitol Drive)
City of Pewaukee188    CTH-JJ / CTH-T to I-94 west / Main Street
  I-94 east – MilwaukeeEastern terminus; I-94 exit 293C
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Special routesEdit

Watertown business loopEdit

 

 

Business State Trunk Highway 16
LocationWatertown

Business State Trunk Highway 16 (Bus. WIS 16) in Watertown follows the former alignment of Bus. US 16. The route travels south along Bus. WIS 26 (North Church Street) and east along WIS 19 (Main Street).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bessert, Chris. "Highways 10-19". Wisconsin Highways. Retrieved March 30, 2007.[self-published source]
  2. ^ Google (January 16, 2008). "La Crosse, WI" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  3. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (January 2006). La Crosse Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  4. ^ Monroe Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. January 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  5. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (January 2006). Juneau Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  6. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (January 2006). Sauk Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  7. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (January 2006). Columbia Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  8. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (January 2006). Dodge Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 15, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  9. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (January 2006). Jefferson Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 13, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  10. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation (January 2006). Waukesha Co (PDF) (Map). 1:100,000. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 15, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  11. ^ Wisconsin Highway Commission (1918). Official Map of the State Trunk Highway System of Wisconsin (Map). [c. 1:1,010,000]. Madison: Wisconsin Highway Commission. OCLC 38871736, 69119995. Retrieved January 16, 2008 – via Wisconsin Historical Society.
  12. ^ Rand McNally (1926). "Wisconsin (Southern)" (Map). Rand McNally Auto Road Atlas. Scale not given. Chicago: Rand McNally. Retrieved January 16, 2007.
  13. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (June 29, 1978). "Route Numbering Committee Agenda Showing Action Taken by the Executive Committee" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 3. Retrieved September 2, 2015 – via Wikimedia Commons.
  14. ^ Rinard, Amy. "Oconomowoc Road Work Near: Highway 16 Affected Through Downtown; Merchants Prepared". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  15. ^ Inda, Matthew. "Highway 16 Transfer Date Uncertain: Might Be Jan. 1; Touchups, Roadside Plantings to Be Completed". Oconomowoc Focus. Retrieved November 19, 2008.[dead link]
  16. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation. "Oconomowoc Bypass Project page". Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on April 4, 2007. Retrieved March 30, 2007.
  17. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation. "Highway 16 Exit Numbers". Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on April 4, 2007. Retrieved March 30, 2007.

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata