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Sawyer County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,557.[1] Its county seat is Hayward.[2]

Sawyer County, Wisconsin
North Wisconsin Lumber Company Office, 2014.JPG
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Sawyer County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1885
Named for Philetus Sawyer
Seat Hayward
Largest city Hayward
Area
 • Total 1,350 sq mi (3,496 km2)
 • Land 1,257 sq mi (3,256 km2)
 • Water 93 sq mi (241 km2), 6.9%
Population
 • (2010) 16,557
 • Density 13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.sawyercountygov.org

Contents

HistoryEdit

The county is named for Philetus Sawyer, a New England man who represented Wisconsin in the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate in the 19th century.[3] Logging began in the late 1850s. Loggers came from Cortland County, New York, Carroll County, New Hampshire, Orange County, Vermont and Down East Maine in what is now Washington County, Maine and Hancock County, Maine. These were "Yankee" migrants, that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who had settled New England during the 1600s. They were mostly members of the Congregational Church.[4] Sawyer County was created in 1883 and organized in 1885.[5] In the 1890s immigrants came from a variety of countries such as Germany, Norway, Poland, Ireland and Sweden.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,350 square miles (3,500 km2), of which 1,257 square miles (3,260 km2) is land and 93 square miles (240 km2) (6.9%) is water.[6] It is the fifth-largest county in Wisconsin by land area.

Major highwaysEdit

 
The sign for Sawyer County on WIS48

AirportEdit

Sawyer County Airport (KHYR) serves the county and surrounding communities.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

 
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Sawyer County
Census Pop.
1890 1,977
1900 3,593 81.7%
1910 6,227 73.3%
1920 8,243 32.4%
1930 8,878 7.7%
1940 11,540 30.0%
1950 10,323 −10.5%
1960 9,475 −8.2%
1970 9,670 2.1%
1980 12,843 32.8%
1990 14,181 10.4%
2000 16,196 14.2%
2010 16,557 2.2%
Est. 2016 16,369 [7] −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 16,196 people, 6,640 households, and 4,581 families residing in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 13,722 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.72% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 16.07% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.6% were of German, 7.8% Irish, 6.7% Norwegian, 5.9% Polish, 5.2% Swedish and 5.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.4% spoke English, 2.0% Ojibwa and 1.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 6,640 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.00 males.

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 56.8% 5,185 38.3% 3,503 4.9% 449
2012 49.2% 4,442 49.7% 4,486 1.1% 97
2008 46.2% 4,199 52.5% 4,765 1.3% 121
2004 52.4% 4,951 46.7% 4,411 1.0% 91
2000 51.1% 3,972 42.9% 3,333 5.9% 462
1996 40.2% 2,603 42.8% 2,773 17.0% 1,099
1992 36.1% 2,658 38.0% 2,796 26.0% 1,911
1988 49.9% 3,260 49.4% 3,231 0.7% 45
1984 56.1% 3,913 42.8% 2,982 1.1% 75
1980 50.1% 3,548 43.3% 3,065 6.7% 473
1976 46.1% 2,720 51.7% 3,055 2.2% 130
1972 62.5% 3,081 35.8% 1,765 1.7% 82
1968 52.2% 2,475 38.6% 1,830 9.3% 439
1964 43.6% 2,012 56.2% 2,591 0.2% 10
1960 53.6% 2,699 46.2% 2,325 0.2% 12
1956 64.5% 2,823 34.8% 1,520 0.7% 31
1952 67.0% 3,146 32.5% 1,527 0.5% 21
1948 49.5% 2,257 47.8% 2,177 2.7% 125
1944 55.0% 2,421 44.3% 1,947 0.7% 32
1940 52.5% 2,745 46.6% 2,439 0.9% 49
1936 36.5% 1,726 59.9% 2,834 3.7% 173
1932 31.9% 1,179 64.4% 2,381 3.8% 140
1928 61.4% 1,882 36.9% 1,129 1.7% 52
1924 37.5% 990 5.1% 135 57.4% 1,513
1920 79.3% 1,668 14.4% 302 6.4% 134
1916 46.6% 550 47.6% 562 5.8% 69
1912 32.5% 295 47.5% 432 20.0% 182
1908 70.8% 815 26.0% 299 3.2% 37
1904 75.9% 782 19.9% 205 4.2% 43
1900 68.5% 723 28.9% 305 2.6% 27
1896 56.3% 514 40.4% 369 3.3% 30
1892 52.6% 412 41.9% 328 5.5% 43

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Winnebago Took Its Name from an Indian Tribe". The Post-Crescent. December 28, 1963. p. 14. Retrieved August 25, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.   
  4. ^ History of Education in Sawyer County, Wisconsin by J. G. Adams (M.E. Granger, 1902)
  5. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External linksEdit