Winnebago Industries, Inc., is an American manufacturer of motorhomes, a type of recreational vehicle (RV), in the United States. It is based in Forest City, Iowa. On June 4, 2018, the company expanded into motorboat manufacturing with the acquisition of Chris-Craft Corporation. Winnebago has also manufactured light-to-medium utility vehicles as well as other products. The company is named after Winnebago County, where it is located. The county is named after the Native American tribe who have historically lived in the area. During the 1970s and 1980s, Winnebago Industries depended on Native American history and traditions in naming their products, for example "Chieftain" and "Brave." They also used Native American iconography and patterns in their designs and period advertisements.
S&P 600 Component
|Founded||February 12, 1958|
|Michael Happe (CEO)|
|Revenue||US$945.2 million (2014)|
|US$63.9 million (2014)|
|US$45.0 million (2014)|
Number of employees
The company was founded by Forest City businessman John K. Hanson in February 1958. At the time, the town, located in Winnebago County, Iowa, was undergoing an economic downturn, so Hanson and a group of community leaders convinced a California firm, Modernistic Industries, to open a travel trailer factory in a bid to revive the local economy.
Surviving a rough beginning, the entire operation was purchased by five Midwesterners, with Hanson serving as president. In 1960, the name of the company was changed to Winnebago Industries. To improve quality, Winnebago Industries manufactured furniture and other components designed specifically for its travel trailers. One such innovation was the "Thermo-Panel", a strong, lightweight sidewall that was a characteristic of Winnebago products.
In 1966, the first motor home rolled off the Winnebago Industries assembly lines. These motor homes were sold at a price approximately half of what was being charged for competitors’ models, which led to its ubiquity and popularity in the RV community. The brand name has become synonymous with "motor home" and is commonly used as a generic trademark for such vehicles, whether they were produced by the company or not.
In March 2015, Winnebago announced that it was opening a production center to employ 70 in Waverly, Iowa, due to labor shortage issues in the Forest City area. The company now employs about 2,400 workers in Forest City, 200 in Charles City and 60 in Lake Mills, plus additional employees in Middlebury, Indiana.
In 2017 when CEO Mike Happe was brought in, Winnebago established their management offices in Eden Prairie, Minnesota.
In July 2012, a Justice of the Federal Court of Australia determined that a Sydney businessman, Bruce Binns, had "intentionally hijacked" the well-known American brand "in a bold attempt to preempt Winnebago's opening its doors here". Versions of Winnebago models were manufactured in Australia by Binns's Knott Investments, using a logo which bore a striking resemblance to Winnebago's U.S. logo, from about 1982. In 1992, Winnebago and Binns signed a settlement for him to stop passing off his products as those of Winnebago, yet he continued to do so. In 1997 he registered Winnebago as a trademark in Australia. The court ordered the cancellation of this Winnebago trademark in Australia.
On appeal in 2013, Chief Justice Allsop found that "...Knott and Mr Binns had from the outset deliberately sought to obtain some connection with Winnebago and take advantage of any reputation Winnebago may have had in Australia as at 1978. However, the fact that Knott had manufactured and sold RVs under the Winnebago name in Australia for 32 years, 25 years of which was with the knowledge of Winnebago, was an unusual situation which could not be overlooked". Accordingly, Allsop held that it was appropriate that Knott be permitted to continue to use the Winnebago name and logos, provided the distinction between its business and Winnebago's was made clear.
As a result of the case, a disclaimer was required to be made clear on any vehicles made by Knott in the future, and on any advertising and promotional material. Further, all future consumers of Australian Winnebago/Avida products are required to sign a disclaimer declaring they have been made aware that they are not purchasing a United States Winnebago product. The disclaimer reads "These vehicles were not manufactured by, or by anyone having any association with, Winnebago of the United States."
In 2014, Avida RV announced they would reintroduce the Winnebago name and logo to their premium range of RV products. This announcement came just one month before Winnebago Industries announced they were entering the Australian market for the first time. Binns is currently opposing the registration of the Winnebago trademark in Australia, despite having been refused permission to hold the trademark himself.
In 1973, the company introduced a new model, the Minnie Winnie, built on the Dodge B-series van chassis. It was about 19-1/2 feet (5.9 m) long (despite the name, longer than the shortest contemporary Brave model). Longer models were added through the years. This model continued (using Chevrolet or Ford chassis after 1980) to be built into the 21st century. As fuel prices went up over time, the company continued to make smaller models available, such as the "Winnie Wagon" with a low profile and pop-top.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Winnebago also manufactured light- and medium-duty utility vehicles using techniques and knowledge derived from motorhome production. Their "Route Van" was an aluminum-bodied step-through van with front-wheel drive. Engines were Cummins 4BTA diesel four-cylinders producing between 105 and 120 hp (78 and 89 kW). Model codes were W650, W750, W850, and W950 depending on weight rating.
The company also developed a line of smaller units slightly larger than a passenger van, built using various bodies and powerplants from two European automobile and truck manufacturers. The LeSharo was based on the Renault Trafic van with a 2.2 L 4-cylinder motor, and the "Rialta" had a Volkswagen Transporter (T4) (a.k.a. "EuroVan") cab, the 2.5-liter five-cylinder motor, 2.8-liter VR6 with 140 BHP or 2.8 V6 engine with 201 BHP. Distinct from the "Rialta", Volkswagen contracted to have the camper conversions of the T4 be done by Winnebago Industries, a radical departure from using the Germany-based Westfalia company that had become famous for building the VW Type 2 campmobile models from the 1950s through 1991. This tradition continues today with Winnebago's use of the Mercedes-Benz Sprinter and Fiat Ducato chassis.
In popular cultureEdit
The Winnebago and other motorhomes occupy a central place in American road culture, according to former English professor James B. Twitchell. When assembled together in a circle, the vehicles can be reminiscent of the covered wagons of the Old West. Choices of camping ground can vary from the slickly corporate Kampgrounds of America to the anarchistic Slab City, California.
Films and television series featuring Winnebagos often deal in a similar clash between rival urges for domesticity and adventure. The home on wheels can be a cosy family sanctuary, or an escape to a free and nomadic life on the road with all its perils. Examples include:
- The 1987 film Spaceballs featured a modified Winnebago fitted with wings and rocket engines for spaceflight.
- The 2009 animated television series Glenn Martin, DDS has a dentist take his family on a road trip in a Winnebago after accidentally burning down their home. It is said to have been based on a similarly themed 1971 television movie In Search of America starring Jeff Bridges.
- The 2010 documentary film Winnebago Man was about an RV salesman whose profane outtakes from a 1989 Winnebago industrial film contrasted a would-be wholesome image with sordid reality. The clip had circulated underground on VHS tape until popularised by Internet users.
- Opening line to the song San Ber'dino by Frank Zappa, "She lives in Mojave in a Winnebago, His name is Bobby, he looks like a potato."
German politician Guido Westerwelle (FDP) used a Winnebago Elanté 37 painted in the FDP colours yellow and blue and called "Guidomobil" during his campaign for the 2002 German federal election, which received much media attention.
Current model rangeEdit
|Winnebago Journey||Class A||36'-42′||Diesel||Freightliner XCM|
|Winnebago Horizon||Class A||36'-42′||Diesel||Freightliner XC|
|Winnebago Adventurer||Class A||32'-38'||Gasoline||Ford F53|
|Winnebago Vista/Sunstar||Class A||27'-36'||Gasoline||Ford F53|
|Winnebago View/Navion||Class C||24'||Diesel||Mercedes-Benz Sprinter|
|Winnebago Minnie Winnie/Spirit||Class C||22'-31'||Gasoline||Ford E-Series|
|Winnebago Era||Class B||24'||Diesel||Mercedes-Benz Sprinter|
|Travato||Class B||21'||Gasoline||RAM ProMaster|
|Micro Minnie||Travel Trailer||17'||n/a|
- "Winnebago Industries Announces Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2014 Results".
- Galvin, Terry. "Chris-Craft bought by Winnebago", Sarasota Herald-Tribune (June 4, 2018). Retrieved 2018-06-09
- "History of Winnebago RVs". Average Joe Camper. September 13, 2018.
- John Hanson Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame
- White, Roger (2001), Home on the Road: The Motor Home in America, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian, pp. 164–167
- Slater, Shirley; Basch, Harry (1996). Fielding's freewheelin' USA. Basch, Harry. (2nd ed.). Redondo Beach, Calif.: Fielding Worldwide. ISBN 9781569521250. OCLC 35284519.
Just as Frigidaire became a generic term for refrigerators, Winnebago is often used to refer to all RVs
- Pieper, Mary (March 26, 2015). "Winnebago will open new plant outside of Forest City". Globe-Gazette. Mason City, IA.
-  WCFCourier "Winnebago to Open Plant in Waverly"
- Knott Investments Pty Ltd v Winnebago Industries, Inc  FCAFC 59 (7 June 2013), Federal Court (Full Court) (Australia)
- Court rules Winnebago brand was 'hijacked', Leonie Wood, Sydney Morning Herald, July 31, 2012
- "Avida RV - Motorhomes, Campervans, Caravans, Pop Tops". www.avidarv.com.au. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
- Australia, IP (May 22, 2018). "IP Australia". pericles.ipaustralia.gov.au. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
- "Knott Investments Pty Ltd v Winnebago Industries, Inc  FCAFC 59". www.judgments.fedcourt.gov.au. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
- Siegel, Stewart (July 1990). "The New Models for 1991: Light Trucks". Fleet Owner. Vol. 85 no. 7. FM Business Publications. p. 64.
- Stephens, David P. (2017). "Book reviews: Twitchell, James B. 2014. Winnebago Nation: The RV in American Culture. New York: Columbia university Press". Material Culture Review. 85. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- "Nick Plans A Family Nite – Multichannel.com – August 10, 2009". Retrieved May 21, 2018.
- Leckart, Steven (March 22, 2010). "5 Secrets of YouTube's Success". Wired.
- "Guido macht mobil - autobild.de". autobild.de. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
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