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William Wallace Grout (May 24, 1836 – October 7, 1902) was an American politician and lawyer. He served as a U.S. Representative from Vermont.

William Wallace Grout
William Wallace Grout.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Vermont's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883
Preceded byBradley Barlow
Succeeded byDistrict eliminated
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Vermont's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1901
Preceded byLuke P. Poland
Succeeded byKittredge Haskins
Member of the Vermont Senate
In office
1876
Member of the Vermont House of Representatives
In office
1868–1870
1874
Personal details
BornMay 24, 1836
Compton, Quebec
DiedOctober 7, 1902 (aged 66)
Kirby, Vermont
NationalityAmerican
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Loraine M. Smith Grout
RelationsGovernor Josiah Grout (brother)
Alma materState and National Law School
Military service
Branch/serviceUnion Army
RankLieutenant Colonel
(later Brigadier General)
Unit15th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Commands2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Vermont Militia
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Contents

BiographyEdit

Grout was born in Compton, Province of Quebec, the son of Josiah and Sophronia (Ayer) Grout.[1] His parents, native Vermonters, returned to that state when he was thirteen. Grout pursued an academic course, he attended St. Johnsbury Academy and graduated from the State and National Law School in Poughkeepsie, New York in 1857.[2] He was admitted to the bar in December of the same year and began the practice of law in Barton, Vermont.[3]

In 1862 Grout was nominated as State's Attorney of Orleans County but declined, deciding instead to enter the army. In July 1862 he received his commission as Lieutenant Colonel of the 15th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Union Army during the Civil War. He later attained the rank of Brigadier General as commander of one of three brigades organized for border defense by the Vermont State Legislature following the St. Albans Raid.

Grout served as State's Attorney of Orleans County in 1865 and 1866.[4] In 1868 he was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Vermont. He served in the Vermont House of Representatives from 1868 until 1870 and in 1874.[5] In 1876 he was a member of the Vermont State Senate and served as President pro tempore.[6]

Grout was elected as a Republican Congressman to the Forty-seventh Congress from Vermont's 3rd congressional district, serving from March 4, 1881 until March 3, 1883.[7] The 3rd District was eliminated at the end of his term. He was an unsuccessful candidate for Vermont's 2nd congressional district in 1882 to the Forty-eighth Congress.

Grout was elected to the Forty-ninth from the 2nd Vermont District and to the seven succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1885 until March 3, 1901.[8] He served as chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia in the Fifty-first Congress, and was on the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War in the Fifty-fourth through the Fifty-sixth Congresses.[9]

From 1881 until 1888, Grout's law practice included Willard W. Miles as his partner; when Grout withdrew in 1888 so that he could concentrate his full time efforts on his Congressional career, Miles continued the practice alone.[10]

After leaving Congress, he engaged in agricultural pursuits and the practice of law. Grout died on October 7, 1902 and is interred in Grove Cemetery in Saint Johnsbury, Vermont.

Personal lifeEdit

Grout was the second child of ten, eldest of five sons. Seven of the children were born in the Compton house. There were no finished chambers in the Compton house. In winter, awakening to snow on the bed was a common experience.[11]

The family moved to Kirby, Vermont from Compton.

Grout married Loraine M. Smith in 1860, and they had two children who died while in infancy. Loraine died in 1868.[12]

Grout's brother Josiah Grout, was the Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives and was the 46th Governor of Vermont.[13][14]

His nephew Aaron H. Grout, the son of Josiah Grout, served as Vermont Secretary of State from 1923 to 1927.[15][16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Biographical sketch WILLIAM W. GROUT b. 1836 Compton, Quebec lived Orleans VT". Ancestry.com. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  2. ^ "William W. Grout". Vermont in the Civil War. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  3. ^ "Biography of William W. GROUT". Ancestry.com. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  4. ^ Gazetteer of Caledonia and Essex Counties, Vt. 1764-1887. Syracuse Journal Company, Printers and Binders. 1887. p. 224.
  5. ^ "Grout, William Wallace (1836-1902)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  6. ^ John J. Duffy (2003). The Vermont Encyclopedia. UPNE. p. 147.
  7. ^ "Rep. William Grout". Govtrack.us. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  8. ^ "Grout, William W." Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  9. ^ United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Printing (1884). Congressional Directory. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 131.
  10. ^ Baldwin, Frederick W. (1886). Biography of the Bar of Orleans County, Vermont. Montpelier, VT: Vermont Watchman and State Journal Press. p. 263.
  11. ^ "Memoir of Gen'l W.W. Grout and Autobiography of Josiah Grout". Northeast Kingdom Civil War Roundtable: 3. December 2012.
  12. ^ "William W. GROUT". Ancestry.com. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  13. ^ "Grout, Josiah (1841-1925)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  14. ^ "Vermont Governor Josiah Grout". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  15. ^ White, James Terry (1898). The National Cyclopedia of American Biography. VIII. New York, NY: James T. White & Company. p. 331.
  16. ^ "Aaron H. Grout of Newport Appointed Secretary of State by Gov. Proctor". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. April 23, 1923. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.

Further readingEdit

  • "Gazetteer of Caledonia and Essex Counties, Vt. 1764-1887", published by Syracuse Journal Company, Printers and Binders, 1887.

External linksEdit