Wikipedia:WikiProject Academic Journals/Journals cited by Wikipedia

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Journals cited by Wikipedia (or JCW) is a bot-generated compilation of academic journals cited on Wikipedia, at least those cited using the |journal= parameter of the various {{cite xxx}} templates of Wikipedia. The current version of the compilation was generated using the database dump of 20 September 2022. Due to a lack of advanced filtering and template misuse, the compilation will include several books, conference proceedings, magazines, monographs, newspapers, websites, and other publications (see reading and interpreting the data below). The compilation is organized in several ways.


Two comprehensive listings:

Containing all |journal=... entries sorted alphabetically.
Containing all |journal=... entries sorted by DOI prefixes. Entries without corresponding DOIs are omitted.

Several lists of widely used ('popular') entries, organized by certain criteria:

Most popular entries (i.e. which |journal=... entries are most used).
Most popular missing entries (i.e. which |journal=... entries are most used and don't have corresponding articles or redirects).
Most popular publishers (i.e. regroups all entries that are associated with a publisher, e.g. members of Category:Inderscience Publishers academic journals, redirects to members of that category, redirects to Inderscience Publishers, and likely typos of those). Journals without articles or redirects will usually not be picked up, although they can be added manually for individual publishers.
Most popular targets (i.e. regroups all entries that redirect to a certain target together, e.g. The Astrophysical Journal + Astrophysical Journal + Astrophys. J. + Astrophys J + ApJ + The Astrophysical Journal Letters + ..., as well as likely typos, and orders the targets by popularity).

Several lists of citations that are likely in need of some form of cleanup:

Will contain entries which fail to form links (WP:JCW/Invalid), which contain typos (WP:JCW/Typos), which are potentially miscapitalized (WP:JCW/Miscapitalisations), which have potentially missing or wrong diacritics (WP:JCW/Diacritics), or which follow specific patterns that are likely to be problematic (WP:JCW/Patterns).

A list of questionable journals, which may or may not be reliable:

This is based on several lists of unreliable publications (like Beall's or Quackwatch's lists), with all the caveats it entails.

These lists are useful for discovering journals of interest to WikiProject members, but will also facilitate cleanup efforts. However, many entries on this list will be neither notable nor reliable. The presence of a source on these lists should not be considered an endorsement of the source.

Reading the dataEdit

  • Title (bold link) : page existed at time of database dump
  • Title (bold underlined link) : page existed, as a disambiguation page, at time of database dump
  • Title (italicized link) : page existed, as a redirect, at time of database dump
  • Title (italicized underlined link) : page existed, as a redirect to a disambiguation page, at time of database dump
  • Title (regular blue link) page did not exist at time of database dump
  • Title (non-link) : title contains invalid characters for a Wikipedia page title

A red link mean the article currently does not exist. This is either because the corresponding article has been deleted (in this case it will have some formatting), or did not exist at the time of the dump (regular red link).

Interpreting the dataEdit

All numbers should be taken with a huge grain of salt for several reasons:

  • A large number of citations does not necessarily imply notability; sometimes a journal will have been cited to support a single fact on many similar pages, or perhaps even by a bot auto-generating content. Conversely, a low number of citations does not imply non-notability.
  • Likewise, a large number of citations does not necessarily imply reliability; sometimes a journal will have been cited because they were involved in controversies. Conversely, a low number of citation does not imply non-reliability.
  • Citations not based on templates, such as <ref>J. Smith (2010), "Article of things", ''Journal of Foobar'', '''13'''(7):28–31</ref> are completely ignored by the compilation.
  • Re-used citations, such as <ref name=Smith2010>{{cite journal |author=J. Smith |year=2010 |title=Article of things |journal=Journal of Foobar |volume=13 |issue=7 |pages=28–31}}</ref> with later instances of <ref name=Smith2010/> are counted once.
  • It is quite common for a citation to be copied from one page & pasted into another - this may make any given typo or formatting error seem more common than it really is.
  • The same article may be cited multiple times on the same page, using a different template each time. This may make a journal/abbreviation seem popular when in fact it is only used on a few unique pages
  • Many editors misuse citation templates, creating all kinds of weird things that would never actually be searched for.
  • The list, like Wikipedia's linking system, is case sensitive. However, Wikipedia's search function is not case sensitive so unusual capitalizations don't really need redirects.
  • Entries like The Astrophysical Journal and Astrophysical Journal – or Phys. Rev. Lett. and Physical Review Letters – are counted as distinct journals, even though they refer to the same one. WP:JCW/TAR will attempt to regroup such entries together, however.

Thus, most current red links should probably stay that way. A huge sea of red does not reflect a failure of this WikiProject, but rather poor template usage by thousands of editors across Wikipedia.

Additionally, the WP:JCW/TAR and WP:JCW/PUB compilations will try to create sensible groupings of related entries – the first by regrouping all entries that redirect to the same 'target' article, the second by grouping entries that share the same publisher.

  • These groupings will reflect the current article/redirect/categorization structure of Wikipedia for the most part.
    • Note that this isn't guaranteed to group Journal of Physics A-related entries separately from Journal of Physics B-related entries, or regroup all Journal of Physics journals distinctly from other journals that are not part of the Journal of Physics series. But that's generally how things will be grouped when the article/redirect/categorization structure allows for it.
  • If, e.g. IOP Publishing has a journal without an article (or redirect) on Wikipedia, chances are it will not be categorized under 'IOP Publishing'.
  • Adding missing journals to publisher groupings is possible. If you know of journals that should be grouped under a publisher, but aren't, mention it at WT:JCW and someone will help you.
  • Several (usually smaller) publishers lack groupings for them. Those can be added once identified. If you can't find a publisher entry, mention it at WT:JCW and someone will help you.


  • 1,392,569 distinct DOIs

The statistics are based on the database dump of 20 September 2022

Creating new articlesEdit


...if possible. These templates help various maintenance tasks as well as third parties that make use of Wikipedia.


Suggestions for improving the compilation are highly encouraged.

See alsoEdit