White House (Moscow)

The White House (Russian: Белый дом, tr. Bely dom, IPA: [ˈbʲɛlɨj ˈdom]; officially: The House of the Government of the Russian Federation, Russian: Дом Правительства Российской Федерации, tr. Dom pravitelstva Rossiyskoi Federatsii), also known in Russia in the 1990s as the Russian White House, is a government building in Moscow. It stands on the Krasnopresnenskaya embankment. The building serves as the primary office of the government of Russia and is the official workplace of the Russian Prime Minister.

The House of the Government of the Russian Federation
Дом Правительства Российской Федерации
Дом правительства РФ.jpg
The building in May 2018
White House (Moscow) is located in Moscow
White House (Moscow)
General information
Town or cityMoscow
Construction started1965
Design and construction
ArchitectDmitry Chechulin, Pavel Shteller


Soviet UnionEdit

The architects Dmitry Chechulin and Pavel Shteller designed the White House – originally called The House of Soviets. The overall design follows Chechulin's 1934 draft of the Aeroflot building. Construction started in 1965 and ended in 1981.

Following the completion of the building in 1981, the Supreme Soviet of Russia, which had until then held its sessions in the Grand Kremlin Palace, used the White House. The Supreme Soviet of Russia remained in the building until the end of the Soviet Union in 1991, as well as during the first years of the Russian Federation. In 1991 the Soviet Union issued a 50-kopeck stamp depicting the White House and honoring resistance to the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt.

Russian FederationEdit

After the end of the Soviet Union, the White House continued to serve as the seat of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation.

1993 Russian constitutional crisisEdit

The White House in 1993, soon after it was shelled by tanks

By sunrise on 4 October 1993, the Russian Army encircled the parliament building, and a few hours later army tanks began to shell the White House. The White House stood damaged for some time after the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, and the black burns from tank shelling became famous, so much so that it became traditional to photograph newly-weds in front of its damaged façade.

The reformed parliament, known thereafter by its Imperial-era title of the State Duma, was elected in December 1993 and moved to another building on Moscow's Okhotny Ryad (street) [ru]. As of 2016 the renovated White House houses the Russian government. An inscription at the base of the tower reads, "House of the Government of the Russian Federation".


The White House (2014).

During the construction of the White House, Dmitry Chechulin used elements of his unrealized 1934 design for the headquarters of state airline Aeroflot. The original idea was developed in honor of the rescue, by Soviet pilots, of the passengers of the sunken steamship SS Chelyuskin. The construction was supposed to have simplified forms. The stylobate of the building was similar in size to the ship, it was supplemented with numerous sculptural compositions. The main entrance emphasized the portico, which resembled a triumphal arch. It was assumed that the building would form a new look of the Belorussky railway station square. But the structure did not correspond to the site in size and configuration, so it was never built.[1][2][3]


  1. ^ Галина Тараканова (2014). Красная стройплощадка. Аргументы и Факты. ISBN 9785457730786. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
  2. ^ "Белый дом на Красной Пресне". Московская правда. 2016-01-21. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
  3. ^ "Проект здания Центрального дома "Аэрофлота"". Культура.РФ. 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-08.

Coordinates: 55°45′18″N 37°34′23″E / 55.754935°N 37.573146°E / 55.754935; 37.573146