Drini i Bardhë
Beli Drim / Бели Дрим
|• location||Žljeb mountain, north of Peja, Kosovo[a]|
|with Black Drin forms the Drin, at Kukës, Albania|
|Length||136 km (85 mi)|
|Basin size||4,964 km2 (1,917 sq mi)|
|• average||66 m3/s (2,300 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Drin→ Adriatic Sea|
The Kosovo section of the White Drin flows entirely in the semi-karst part of Kosovo, in an arc-shaped 122-kilometre (76 mi)-long course. The river originates in the southern slopes of the Žljeb mountain, north of the town of Peja. The river springs near the Radavci Cave. The cave is multi-levelled, not much explored and has a lake inside. The water from the spring was used by the Peja brewery. The stream is originally a sinking river which eventually springs out from the strong well and falls down as a 25-metre (82 ft)-high waterfall named the White Drin Waterfall near the village of Radac, 8 km (5.0 mi) away from Peja. In 1934, Russian émigré Dimitry Tyapkin projected and constructed a hydroelectric power plant next to the waterfalls which produced electricity for the town.
The White Drin first flows to the east, next to the spa of Banja of Peja or Ilixhe, and the villages of Banje, Novosellë, Dubova, Ozdrim, Trubuhoc and Zllakuqan, where it receives the Istog river from the left and turns to the south. The rest of the course is through the very fertile and densely populated central section of Kosovo (Podrima region), but oddly, there is not even one large settlement on the river itself, despite many smaller villages on the river. The largest cities are several miles away from the river (Peja, Gjakova, Prizren) whilst some smaller towns (Klina) and large villages (Krusha e Madhe, Gjonaj) are closer to it. The White Drin also creates the small White Drin Canyon in Republic of Kosovo.
The White Drin receives many relatively long tributaries: Peja Bistrica, Deçan Bistrica, Prue Potok, and Erenik from the right; Istog, Klina, Mirusha, Rimnik, Topluga and Prizren Bistrica from the left.
The Kosovo part of the White Drin basin comprises 4,360 km2 (1,680 sq mi). Here the waters of the river are used for waterworks of the big nearby towns, irrigation and power production (especially its right tributaries). At the Vërmica-Shalqin border crossing, the river enters the eastern Albanian region of Trektan.
The Albanian section of the river is 16 km (9.9 mi) long with the drainage area of 604 km2 (233 sq mi). There are no settlements on the river and it receives the Lumë river from the left (which also originates in Kosovo, from several rivers in the region. Finally, the White Drin reaches the town of Kukës where it meets the Black Drin and forms the Drin, which flows into the Adriatic Sea; thus the White Drin belongs to the Adriatic Sea drainage basin. The river is not navigable.
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognised as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states have recognised Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.
- Drin/Drim River Sub-basin
- Dr Branislav Nikolić, "Vodopad na izvoru Belog Drima", Politika (in Serbian)
- Media related to White Drin at Wikimedia Commons