West Essex (UK Parliament constituency)

West Essex, formally known as the West Division of Essex was a parliamentary constituency in the English county of Essex. From 1868 to 1885, it returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, using the bloc vote system of election.

West Essex
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
CountyEssex
18681885
Number of membersTwo
Replaced bySaffron Walden
Chelmsford
Epping
Created fromNorth Essex
South Essex

Creation, boundaries and abolitionEdit

West Essex was created by the Reform Act 1867 for the 1868 general election as one of three two-member divisions of Essex (East, South and West), replacing the two divisions which had been created by the Reform Act 1832 (Northern and Southern). Initially named as the North West Division, it was renamed the West Division under the Boundaries Act 1868. The seat was created from parts of both South Essex and North Essex.[1][2]

1868–1885: The Hundreds of Freshwell, Uttlesford, Clavering, Dunmow, Harlow, Waltham, Ongar, and Chelmsford.[3][4]

The first four of these hundreds had been part of the abolished Northern division, with the remainder transferred from the Southern Division.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the three two-member divisions of Essex were abolished and replaced by eight single-member divisions. West Essex was replaced by the Epping Division and parts of the Saffron Walden and Chelmsford Divisions.

Members of ParliamentEdit

The constituency was represented throughout its existence by the same two MPs, both of whom were Conservatives.[5]

Election Member Party Member Party
1868 Lord Eustace Cecil Conservative Sir Henry Selwin-Ibbetson Conservative
1874
1880
1885 Constituency abolished. See Saffron Walden and Chelmsford

Election resultsEdit

General election 1868: Essex Western[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Selwin-Ibbetson Unopposed
Conservative Eustace Cecil Unopposed
Registered electors 5,479
Conservative win (new seat)
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1874: Essex Western[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Selwin-Ibbetson Unopposed
Conservative Eustace Cecil Unopposed
Registered electors 5,889
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

The only contested election in Western Essex was in 1880, when the former King's Lynn MP Sir Thomas Buxton failed to win a seat for the Liberal Party.

General election 1880: Essex Western[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Selwin-Ibbetson 2,664 39.0 N/A
Conservative Eustace Cecil 2,397 35.1 N/A
Liberal Thomas Buxton 1,772 25.9 New
Majority 625 9.2 N/A
Turnout 4,436 (est) 77.4 N/A
Registered electors 5,732
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Boundary Commission Report 1868". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Boundary Commission Report 1832". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Representation of the People Act 1867" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  4. ^ "A Collection of the Public General Statutes: 1867/68. Cap. XLVI. An Act to settle and describe the Limits of certain Boroughs and the Divisions of certain Counties in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. 1868. pp. 119–166. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 388. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.

SourcesEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
North Essex
UK Parliament constituency
18681885
Succeeded by
Saffron Walden
Succeeded by
Chelmsford