Wesley L. Fox
Wesley Lee Fox (September 30, 1931 – November 24, 2017) was a United States Marine Corps colonel with 43 years of service. Fox received the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions during the Vietnam War, and is considered to be one of the Marine Corps' legendary heroes.
|Wesley Lee Fox|
Colonel Wesley L. Fox, U.S. Marine Corps
September 30, 1931|
|Died||November 24, 2017
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1950–1993|
|Unit||3rd Battalion, 5th Marines
1st Battalion, 9th Marines
MCRD San Diego
2nd Force Reconnaissance Company
Marine Air Detachment
Basic School, Quantico
|Commands held||Company A, 1st Battalion, 9th Marines
Battalion Commander, 1st Battalion, 6th Marines,
Commanding officer, U.S. Marine Corps Officer Candidate School, Quantico, Virginia
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
|Other work||Deputy Commandant of Cadets at Virginia Tech
Marine Corps Recruiter
Fox enlisted in the Marine Corps shortly before his 19th birthday, on August 4, 1950 during the beginning of the Korean War. He completed recruit training at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina. By January 1951, he was serving as a rifleman with Company I, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines. He was wounded in action in Korea on September 8, 1951 and sent to the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, and was awarded the Bronze Star Medal with Combat "V". He recovered in 1952, and was sent back to Korea after the war was over as a platoon sergeant with Company G, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines, in 1954. When he returned home from Korea, he was assigned to duty as both a drill instructor from 1955 to 1957 and a recruiter from 1957 to 1960. In May 1966, he was promoted to first sergeant, and shortly afterwards, he was commissioned as a Marine second lieutenant.
Beginning in September 1967, Fox served in the Vietnam War for 13 months as an executive officer of a South Vietnamese Marine Battalion. In November 1968, he was reassigned to Vietnam as the company commander of Company A, 1st Battalion, 9th Marines until May 1969. On February 22, 1969, during Operation Dewey Canyon in Quang Tri Province, he was wounded twice. He was wounded the first time in the shoulder when his company was attacked by a large enemy force. A first lieutenant at the time, Fox then personally neutralized one enemy emplacement and directed his company to destroy the enemy. After his company's executive officer was mortally wounded, he continued to direct the company's actions, ordering air strikes and coordinating the advance until the enemy retreated; Fox, the only officer left in his company still capable of resisting the enemy, was wounded again in the final assault, but refused medical attention while he reorganized his troops and prepared the wounded for evacuation. For his heroic actions that day he was presented the Medal of Honor by President Richard Nixon on March 2, 1971.
Later years and deathEdit
Fox retired from the Marine Corps as a full colonel in September 1993 at the mandatory age of 62. He held every enlisted rank except sergeant major and every officer rank except general. He continued to wear the uniform for eight more years as a deputy commandant of cadets for the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets. During his time at Virginia Tech, Fox spoke of his experiences to America's next generation of military officers, business executives, and civic leaders.
Fox wrote a book about his experiences in the military, Marine Rifleman: Forty-Three Years in the Corps (ISBN 1-57488-425-5), and was featured on the 2003 PBS program American Valor. Fox resided in Blacksburg, Virginia, with his wife, Dotti (formerly Dotti Lu Bossinger). They have three daughters. He died in Blacksburg in the evening of November 24, 2017, and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Fox's military decorations and awards included:
Medal of Honor citationEdit
CAPTAIN WESLEY L. FOX
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
for service as set forth in the following CITATION:
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as commanding officer of Company A, in action against the enemy in the northern A Shau Valley. Capt. (then 1st Lt.) Fox's company came under intense fire from a large well concealed enemy force. Capt. Fox maneuvered to a position from which he could assess the situation and confer with his platoon leaders. As they departed to execute the plan he had devised, the enemy attacked and Capt. Fox was wounded along with all of the other members of the command group, except the executive officer. Capt. Fox continued to direct the activity of his company. Advancing through heavy enemy fire, he personally neutralized 1 enemy position and calmly ordered an assault against the hostile emplacements. He then moved through the hazardous area coordinating aircraft support with the activities of his men. When his executive officer was mortally wounded, Capt. Fox reorganized the company and directed the fire of his men as they hurled grenades against the enemy and drove the hostile forces into retreat. Wounded again in the final assault, Capt. Fox refused medical attention, established a defensive posture, and supervised the preparation of casualties for medical evacuation. His indomitable courage, inspiring initiative, and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of grave personal danger inspired his marines to such aggressive action that they overcame all enemy resistance and destroyed a large bunker complex. Capt. Fox's heroic actions reflect great credit upon himself and the Marine Corps, and uphold the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
- "Colonel Wesley L. Fox, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
- "Interview - MoH recipient and author Wesley Fox - HistoryNet". www.historynet.com. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- Smith, Charles (1988). U.S. Marines in Vietnam: High Mobility and Standdown 1969. History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. p. 365. ISBN 978-1494287627.
- "Vietnam War Medal of Honor recipient Wesley Fox dies at 86". Stars and Stripes.
- Fox, Wesley Lee
- "Medal of Honor — Captain Wesley I. Fox (Medal of Honor citation)". Marines Awarded the Medal of Honor. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2007-02-22.
- "Colonel Fox's Medal of Honor citation".
- "Interview at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library".
- "Medal of Honor recipients". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
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