Werner Junck

Werner Junck (28 December 1895 – 6 August 1976) was a German general in the Luftwaffe during World War II and commander of Fliegerführer Irak. He claimed five aerial victories during World War I.[1]

Werner Junck
Born(1895-12-28)28 December 1895
Magdeburg, Prussian Saxony, German Empire
Died6 August 1976(1976-08-06) (aged 80)
Munich, West Germany
Allegiance German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Years of service1914–1923, 1934–1944
UnitJagdstaffel 8
Commands held2nd Fighter Corps
Battles/warsWorld War I

World War II

Anglo-Iraqi War
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Other workHeinkel chief test pilot


Werner Junck was born in Magdeburg, the Province of Saxony, the Kingdom of Prussia, the German Empire, on 28 December 1895.


World War 1Edit

He was interested in aviation before World War I, and learned to fly in 1913. However, he entered military service as an artillery officer as World War I began. In 1916, he was posted to Flieger-Abteilung (Flier Detachment) 33 of the Die Fliegertruppen (the flying troops).[2]

In October 1916, as Die Fliegertruppen morphed into the Luftstreitkräfte, Junck was transferred to a fighter squadron, Jagdstaffel 8. He scored his first aerial victory on 24 April 1917, downing a 20 Squadron FE.2d east of Ypres. He rose to command of the jasta on 4 April 1918 and stayed with it through war's end. Junck would be wounded three times and shoot down four SPADs in northern France before the Armistice. His five victories made him an ace.[2] His three wounds qualified him for a Silver Wound Badge, though there is no record it was awarded to him.[3]

Interwar periodEdit

Werner Junck was one of the instructors at the Luftwaffe's secret Lipetsk fighter-pilot school in the Soviet Union from 1925 to 1928.[2] Junck also participated in the first, third and fourth FAI International Tourist Plane Contest Challenge 1929 (27th place) Challenge 1932 (14th place) and Challenge 1934 (6th place).[4] In 1934, he joined the nascent Luftwaffe at the rank of major. By 1938-1939, he was an Oberstleutnant commanding Jagdgruppe 334.[2]

World War 2Edit

Junck's best-known role in World War II is commanding Fliegerführer Irak, the aerial component of Sonderstab F, a military mission sent to Iraq in May 1941 to aid Rashid Ali's rebel government after it forced out the pro-British regime the previous month. On 29 May they retreated from the country. Later in the war, he led forces in the fighting against the Allied forces in Normandy.

Later YearsEdit

In 1960 he was appointed honorary chairman of the Gemeinschaft der Jagdflieger, the Association of Fighter Pilots.[5]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 141.
  2. ^ a b c d Franks et al 1993, p. 139.
  3. ^ The Aerodrome website page on the Wound Badge
  4. ^ Les ailes n° 692, 20 aout 1934, page 6 1934
  5. ^ "Namhafte Persönlichkeiten". Gemeinschaft der Flieger deutscher Streitkräfte e.V. (in German). Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  6. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 425.


  • Franks, Norman; Bailey, Frank W.; Guest, Russell (1993). Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918. Oxford:Grub Street. ISBN 0-948817-73-9, ISBN 978-0-948817-73-1.
  • Krzyżan, Marian (1988). Międzynarodowe turnieje lotnicze 1929-1934. Warsaw: WKiŁ. ISBN 83-206-0637-3.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
Military offices
Preceded by Commander of Jagdgeschwader 53 Pik As
April 1938 – September 1939
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Generalmajor Bruno Loerzer
Inspekteur der Jagdflieger
1 February 1939 – 4 June 1940
Succeeded by
Preceded by Commander of Jagdfliegerführer 3
5 June 1940 – 30 April 1941
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Max Ibel
Preceded by
Tactical Commander of Fliegerführer Irak
6 May 1941 – 29 May 1941
Succeeded by
Preceded by Commander of Jagdfliegerführer Deutsche Bucht
1 August 1941 – 31 March 1942
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Hermann Frommherz
Preceded by
Commander of 3. Jagd-Division
1 May 1942 – 15 September 1943
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Kurt-Bertram von Döring
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Joachim-Friedrich Huth
Commander of 4. Jagd-Division
15 September 1943 – 30 September 1943
Succeeded by
Oberst Carl Vieck
Preceded by
Commander of II. Jagdkorps
15 September 1943 – 30 June 1944
Succeeded by