Wau State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020.[2] It was located in the Bahr el Ghazal region, and was part of the former state of Western Bahr el Ghazal. Wau State bordered Aweil State, Gbudwe State, Gogrial State, Lol State, and Tonj State.[3]

Wau State
Location of Wau State in South Sudan
Location of Wau State in South Sudan
CountrySouth Sudan
CapitalWau
Number of Counties11
Government
 • Governor[1]
Population
 (2014 Estimate)
 • Total431,230

HistoryEdit

Before Wau state was formed, its territory was part of the former state of Western Bahr el Ghazal. On 2 October 2015, President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 constitutionally established states.[4] The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines. A number of opposition parties and civil society groups challenged the constitutionality of the decree. Kiir later resolved to take it to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment.[5] In November the South Sudanese parliament empowered President Kiir to create new states.[6]

Elias Waya Nyipuoc was appointed as the governor for the state on 24 December 2015.[7] After the outbreak of major clashes betweening government forces and Fertit militias in 2016, however, Waya was replaced by Andrea Mayar Achor on the orders of President Kiir.[8] Mayar Acho was sacked in September 2017. He was succeeded by Angelo Taban Biajo as governor.[1]

On 22 February 2020, a peace deal ending the South Sudanese Civil War reverted the 28 states back to the original ten states, with Wau being reincorporated back into Western Bahr el Ghazal.

GeographyEdit

Wau State is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Aweil to the north, Gogrial to the northeast, Gbudwe to the south, Lol to the west, and Tonj to the east.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Wau State is ethnically diverse,[9] as it lies on the tribal border between the Dinka and Fertit peoples, who constitute the region's majority.[10] Furthermore, numerous ethnic minorities live in the state, such as Luo,[11][12] Jur Modo/Jur Beli, Balanda Boor/Balanda Bviri,[9][11][12] Ndogo, Keresh,[9] and Nuer.[13]

As of 2013, ethnic groups reported were Balanda, Azande, Bongo, Gollo, Ndogo, and Bai. Balanda made up the large ethnic group.[14]

Law and governmentEdit

The capital of Wau State is the city of Wau. The city of Wau is located on the Jur River in the state, and it is the second largest city in the country with an estimated population of 151,320 people in 2008.[15] Wau, South Sudan has its own airport, and the city is located 650 kilometers (404 miles) from Juba, the capital.[16]

Administrative divisionsEdit

After South Sudan was divided into 28 federated states in 2015, the newly constituted Wau State was divided into 8 counties. Each county also received a county commissioner.[17] Later Wau State announced an additional three counties by the Council of States of South Sudan, adding the total number to 11.[18]

  • Former Jur River County:
    • Kangi; headquarters: Kangi
    • Kuarjina; headquarters: Kuarjima (Kuajena)
    • Marial Baai; headquarters: Nyin Adok
    • Odechy; headquarters: Odechi (Udici)
    • Roc Roc Dong; headquarters: Roc Roc Dong
    • Wan-Baai; headquarters: unknown
    • Alel-Thony; headquarters: unknown
    • Alur; headquarters: unknown
  • Former Wau County:
    • Bagari; headquarters: Bagari
    • Bazia; headquarters: Bazia (Kpaile)
    • Busalia; headquarters: Busalia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "President Kiir swears in three new governors". Radio Tamazuj. 20 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  2. ^ Mutambo, Aggrey. "S. Sudan govt agrees to reduce states to 10 to maintain peace". The East African. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Wau State". south-sudan.biz. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Kiir and Makuei want 28 states in South Sudan". Radio Tamazuj.
  5. ^ "Kiir pressured into taking decree to parliament for approval". Radio Tamazuj.
  6. ^ "South Sudan's Kiir appoints governors of 28 new states". Sudan Tribune.
  7. ^ "South Sudan's President appoints 28 Governors, defies peace agreement". South Sudan News Agency. 24 December 2015.
  8. ^ "President Kiir fires Wau state governor". Sudan Tribune. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  9. ^ a b c PSI et al. (2014), p. 4.
  10. ^ "South Sudan: Gunfights within Bahr el Ghazal capital". Radio Tamazuj. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  11. ^ a b "South Sudan: Civilians killed in Wau fighting". Al Jazeera. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  12. ^ a b Michael Atit; John Tanza (10 April 2017). "Gunmen in Government Uniforms Go on Massacre in Wau Town". Voice of America. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Governor strongly denies Mapel massacre claims". Radio Tamazuj. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Village Assessment Survey". International Organization for Migration South Sudan. 2013.
  15. ^ "Wau, South Sudan". WolframAlpha. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  16. ^ "Driving Distance from Juba, South Sudan to Wau, South Sudan". TravelMath. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  17. ^ "Wau govt approves creation of 8 new counties". Radio Tamazuj. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  18. ^ "Wau State Government Forms Verification Committee For New Counties". Gurtong. 24 March 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2020.

BibliographyEdit