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ManorEdit

Eaton is a common English place-name. In this case it appears as Eatun in Anglo-Saxon charters from AD 864, 904 and 929, Etone in the Domesday Book of 1086 and Water Eton in a Charter Roll from 1268. Eaton is derived from Old English and in this case means tūn ("farm") by a river.[1] The prefix "Water" seems tautological, but it distinguishes Water Eaton from Woodeaton just over 1 mile (1.6 km) to the east.

Water Eaton manor house was built for Sir Edward Frere in 1586 but reduced in size at a later date. The Gothic Revival architect GF Bodley restored the house in 1890 and made it his home.[2] It is now a Grade II* listed building.[3]

A Perpendicular Gothic Church of England chapel was built northeast of the manor house in 1610 and restored in 1884.[4] The chapel is a Grade I listed building.[5] East of the manor house are two detached 17th-century "pavilions"[6][7] or guest houses and a square 17th-century dovecote.[8]

At the end of the First English Civil War in June 1646 the Articles of Surrender for the siege of Oxford were finally agreed in Water Eaton. They were signed on 20 June in the Audit House of Christ Church, Oxford.

St Frideswide's FarmEdit

St Frideswide's Farmhouse is a 16th-century Tudor stone house, and towards the end of that century was a home of the Lenthall family.[9] The house was extended in the 17th or 18th and 20th centuries.[9] It is now a Grade II* listed building.[10]

TransportEdit

 
Water Eaton park and ride site in 2008

In 1850 the Buckinghamshire Railway between Bletchley and Oxford was opened through the parish. In 1905 Oxford Road Halt was opened 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the manor house. The halt was short-lived, being closed down in 1926.

In 1940 a grain silo and rail siding were built on the south side of the former halt. The silo has been disused since the 1980s but remained a landmark visible over a wide area.[11][12] The silo was demolished in October 2013.[13]

In the 2000s Oxfordshire County Council opened a Park and ride site just south of the grain silo. In October 2015 Chiltern Railways opened Oxford Parkway station next to the park and ride and near the site of the former halt.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ekwall 1960, Eaton.
  2. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 825–826.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Manor House  (Grade II*) (1046562)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  4. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 826.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Chapel at Water Eaton Manor House  (Grade I) (1046563)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  6. ^ Historic England. "North pavilion and attached walls approximately 40 metres north east of the manorhouse  (Grade II) (1046565)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  7. ^ Historic England. "South pavilion and attached walls approximately 40 metres east of the manorhouse  (Grade II) (1369721)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Dovecote approximately 80 metres east of the manorhouse  (Grade II) (1046566)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  9. ^ a b Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 179–213.
  10. ^ Historic England. "St Frideswides Farmhouse  (Grade II*) (1286525)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  11. ^ Derelict Places: Water Eaton Grain Silo - August 2008
  12. ^ Geograph SP5011: Disused grain silo at Water Eaton
  13. ^ "Water Eaton silo demolished for Oxford Parkway Station". BBC. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  14. ^ Keown, Callum (25 October 2015). "Keen passengers board the first trains to leave Oxford Parkway". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 26 June 2019.

BibliographyEdit