Warwick (UK Parliament constituency)

Warwick was a parliamentary borough consisting of the town of Warwick, within the larger Warwickshire constituency of England. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of England from 1295 to 1707, to the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and then to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1885[citation needed].

Warwick
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
CountyWarwickshire
Major settlementsWarwick
1295–1885
Number of membersTwo
Replaced byWarwick & Leamington

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the constituency was abolished for the 1885 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new single-member constituency of Warwick and Leamington.

Members of ParliamentEdit

MPs 1295–1640Edit

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Robert Norton Henry Trymenell[1]
1388 (Feb) Robert Norton Henry Trymenell[1]
1388 (Sep) John Raines John Russell[1]
1390 (Jan) John Buckmore Henry Filongley [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Henry de la Chamber John Raines [1]
1393 Maurice de la Chamber Henry ?[1]
1394 Maurice Luttrell John Russell [1]
1395 Maurice de la Chamber John Allerwich[1]
1397 (Jan) Henry Trymenell Robert Walden[1]
1397 (Sep) John Brome William Ilshawe[1]
1399 William Ruding William Hull[1]
1401 ?John Brome ?William Hopkins[1]
1402 John Brome Richard Hewe[1]
1404 (Jan) Simon Bennett John Weston[1]
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Brome John Weston[1]
1407 Thomas Ellam Richard Ferrour alias Barkes[1]
1410 John Weston Roger Wootton[1]
1411 John Weston Roger Wootton[1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Nicholas Rody Roger Wootton[1]
1414 (Apr) John Brome Roger Wootton[1]
1414 (Nov) Nicholas Rody Roger Wootton[1]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417
1419 Nicholas Rody Roger Wootton[1]
1420 John Rody John Usk[1]
1421 (May) Nicholas Rody John Upton[1]
1421 (Dec) Nicholas Rody John Rody[1]
1510–1523 No names known [2]
1529 William Newenham Thomas Holte[2]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 Clement Throckmorton William Webbe[2]
1545 Kenelm Throckmorton William Pinnock[2]
1547 Sir William Pickering Clement Throckmorton[2]
1553 (Mar) Clement Throckmorton John Throckmorton[2]
1553 (Oct) Clement Throckmorton Edward Ferrers[2]
1554 (Apr) George Throckmorton Thomas Fisher[2]
1554 (Nov) Thomas Fisher Ralph Broune[2]
1555 Kenelm Throckmorton Thomas Fisher[2]
1558 Thomas Fisher John Butler[2]
1558/1559 Thomas Throckmorton Thomas Fisher[3]
1562/1563 Walter Haddon John Butler[3]
1571 (Mar) Edward Aglionby John Fisher[3]
1572 (Apr) Thomas Dudley John Fisher[3]
1584 (Nov) Thomas Dudley John Fisher[3]
1586 (Oct) Thomas Dudley Job Throckmorton[3]
1588 (Oct) James Dyer Thomas Dudley[3]
1593 John Hugford William Combe[3]
1597 (Sep) John Townsend William Spicer [3]
1601 (Oct) John Townsend William Spicer [3]
1604 John Townsend William Spicer
1614 Sir Greville Verney John Townsend
1621 John Coke Sir Greville Verney
1624 Sir Edward Conway Francis Lucy
1625 Sir Francis Leigh, Bt Francis Lucy
1626 Sir Francis Leigh, Bt. Francis Lucy
1628 Francis Lucy Hon. Robert Greville Election declared void
Replaced by
Anthony Stoughton[4]
1629-1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1885Edit

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
November 1640 William Purefoy Parliamentarian Sir Thomas Lucy[5]
December 1640 Godfrey Bosvile Parliamentarian
1653 Warwick was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Richard Lucy Warwick had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Clement Throckmorton
January 1659 Fulke Lucy Thomas Archer
May 1659 William Purefoy One seat vacant
August 1659 Both seats vacant after Purefoy's death
April 1660 Sir Clement Throckmorton John Rous
1661 Henry Puckering
1664 Fulke Greville Sir Francis Compton
1677 Robert Digby
1678 John Bowyer
February 1679 John Clopton Henry Puckering
August 1679 Thomas Lucy Richard Booth
1681 Thomas Coventry[6]
1685 Simon Digby
1689 William Colemore William Digby
1695 Francis Greville
1698 Robert Greville Thomas Wagstaffe
1699 Algernon Greville
January 1701 Francis Greville
November 1701 Algernon Greville
1705 Dodington Greville
1710 Charles Leigh
1713 William Colemore
1722 William Keyt
1727 William Bromley
1735[7] Thomas Archer Henry Archer
1741 Wills Hill[8]
1756 John Spencer
1761 Hamilton Boyle
1762 Paul Methuen
March 1768 George Greville
May 1768 Paul Methuen
January 1774 Charles Francis Greville Tory[9]
October 1774 Robert Fulke Greville Tory
1780 Robert Ladbroke Whig[9]
1790 Charles Perceval Tory[9] Henry Gage Tory[9]
1792 George Villiers Tory[9]
1796 Samuel Gaussen Tory[9]
1802 Charles Mills Tory[9] Henry Greville Tory[9]
1816 Charles John Greville Tory[9]
1826 John Tomes Whig[9]
1831 Edward Bolton King Whig[9]
1832 Charles John Greville[10] Tory[9]
1833 Writ suspended – seat vacant
1835 Charles John Greville Conservative[9]
1836 Charles Canning Conservative[9]
March 1837 William Collins Whig[9][11][12][13][14]
July 1837 Charles Eurwicke Douglas Conservative[9]
1852 George William John Repton Conservative Edward Greaves Conservative
1865 Arthur Peel Liberal
1868 Edward Greaves Conservative
1874 George Repton Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished: see Warwick and Leamington

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1830sEdit

General election 1830: Warwick[9][15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Tory Charles John Greville Unopposed
Whig John Tomes (MP) Unopposed
Tory hold
Whig hold
General election 1831: Warwick[9][15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig John Tomes (MP) 698 40.4
Whig Edward Bolton King 523 30.3
Tory Charles John Greville 505 29.3
Majority 18 1.0
Turnout 1,019 c. 78.4
Registered electors c. 1,300
Whig hold
Whig gain from Tory
General election 1832: Warwick[9][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Charles John Greville 701 40.8 +11.5
Whig Edward Bolton King 553 32.2 +1.9
Whig John Tomes (MP) 463 27.0 −13.4
Turnout 1,248 93.1 c. +14.7
Registered electors 1,340
Majority 148 8.6 N/A
Tory gain from Whig Swing +11.5
Majority 90 5.2 +4.2
Whig hold Swing −1.9

Greville's election was later declared void but no writ was issued for a by-election to elect a new MP.

General election 1835: Warwick[9][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles John Greville 564 38.7 +18.3
Whig Edward Bolton King 478 32.8 −26.4
Conservative John Halcomb 416 28.5 +8.1
Turnout 930 95.8 +2.7
Registered electors 971
Majority 86 5.9 −2.7
Conservative hold Swing +15.8
Majority 62 4.3 −0.9
Whig hold Swing −26.4

Greville resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 23 August 1836: Warwick[9][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Canning 463 51.6 −15.6
Whig Henry William Hobhouse 434 48.4 +15.6
Majority 29 3.2 −2.7
Turnout 897 85.8 −10.0
Registered electors 1,046
Conservative hold Swing −15.6

Canning was elevated to the peerage, becoming 1st Earl Canning and causing a by-election.

By-election, 28 March 1837: Warwick[9][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Collins 457 52.0 +19.2
Conservative John Adams 422 48.0 −19.2
Majority 35 4.0 −0.3
Turnout 879 86.8 −9.0
Registered electors 1,013
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +19.2
General election 1837: Warwick[9][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Collins 498 35.4 +19.0
Conservative Charles Eurwicke Douglas 468 33.3 −33.9
Whig Edward Bolton King 439 31.2 +14.8
Turnout 909 89.7 −6.1
Registered electors 1,013
Majority 30 2.1 −2.2
Whig hold Swing +18.0
Majority 29 2.1 −3.8
Conservative hold Swing −33.9

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Warwick[9][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Collins Unopposed
Conservative Charles Eurwicke Douglas Unopposed
Registered electors 957
Whig hold
Conservative hold

Douglas was appointed a commissioner of Greenwich Hospital, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 13 August 1845: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Eurwicke Douglas Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1847: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Collins 443 50.3 N/A
Conservative Charles Eurwicke Douglas 407 46.3 N/A
Whig Henry Roberts[17] 30 3.4 N/A
Turnout 440 (est) 57.1 (est) N/A
Registered electors 770
Majority 36 4.0 N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
Majority 377 42.9 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Repton 383 36.2 +13.0
Conservative Edward Greaves 348 32.9 +9.7
Whig John Mellor[18][19] 327 30.9 −22.8
Majority 21 2.0 −40.8
Turnout 693 (est) 95.8 (est) +38.7
Registered electors 723
Conservative hold Swing +12.2
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +10.6
General election 1857: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Repton Unopposed
Conservative Edward Greaves Unopposed
Registered electors 734
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
General election 1859: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Repton Unopposed
Conservative Edward Greaves Unopposed
Registered electors 721
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Repton 342 35.8 N/A
Liberal Arthur Peel 315 33.0 New
Conservative Edward Greaves 297 31.1 N/A
Turnout 635 (est) 92.0 (est) N/A
Registered electors 690
Majority 27 2.8 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority 18 1.9 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1868: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Peel 873 43.7 +10.7
Conservative Edward Greaves 863 43.2 −23.7
Lib-Lab Randal Cremer 260 13.0 N/A
Turnout 998 (est) 59.1 (est) −32.9
Registered electors 1,688
Majority 10 0.5 −1.4
Liberal hold Swing +17.2
Majority 603 30.2 +27.2
Conservative hold Swing −17.2

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Repton 836 32.9 +11.3
Liberal Arthur Peel 783 30.8 −12.9
Conservative Augustus Godson[20] 740 29.1 +7.5
Lib-Lab Randal Cremer 180 7.1 −5.9
Turnout 1,571 (est) 94.4 (est) +35.3
Registered electors 1,664
Majority 53 2.1 −28.1
Conservative hold Swing +8.9
Majority 43 1.7 +1.2
Liberal hold Swing −11.2

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Warwick[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Peel 981 40.5 +9.7
Conservative George Repton 768 31.7 −1.2
Conservative Augustus Godson[20] 676 27.9 −1.2
Majority 213 8.8 +6.7
Turnout 1,703 (est) 96.9 (est) +2.5
Registered electors 1,758
Liberal hold Swing +5.2
Conservative hold Swing −5.2

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  4. ^ Ann Hughes Politics, Society and Civil War in Warwickshire, 1620–1660
  5. ^ Died December 1640
  6. ^ Succeeded to a peerage as 5th Baron Coventry, July 1687, but the vacancy as MP for Warwick was not immediately filled
  7. ^ On petition, Keyt and Bromley were declared not to have been duly re-elected in 1734
  8. ^ Created Earl of Hillsborough (in the Peerage of Ireland), 1751
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 100–102. Retrieved 22 December 2018 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ 1832: Greville's election was declared void on petition, and the constituency's writ was suspended
  11. ^ "State of Polls, & Members Returned". Worcester Journal. 27 July 1837. p. 3. Retrieved 17 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ "The Appropriation Clause". London Evening Standard. 28 August 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 17 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ "Elections". Saunders's News-Letter. 28 July 1837. p. 3. Retrieved 17 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 60. Retrieved 22 December 2018 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ a b Escott, Margaret. "Warwick". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) |format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 320–321. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  17. ^ "Opinions of Public Men on Excise Reform". Fife Herald. 15 July 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 22 December 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  18. ^ "Coventry Standard". 13 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 6 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. ^ "Local Election Movements". Aris's Birmingham Gazette. 23 March 1857. p. 1. Retrieved 6 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. ^ a b "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 31 March 1880. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 23 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.

ReferencesEdit

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) [3]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1884–1885
Succeeded by