Warpalawa(s) (possibly Warpalawa II) was a late 8th century BC (ca 730-710 BC?) Late Hittite (or Neo-Hittite) king of Tabal in south-central Anatolia (modern Turkey). The political center of this Early Iron Age regional state was probably Tuwana (or Tuwana or Tuhana/ later Roman Tyana).

Warpalawas, king of Tyana, prays in front of divine symbols. Detail of a stele from Bor. 8th century BC. Museum of the Ancient Orient, Istanbul
İvriz relief - Teshub (on the left) and Warpalawas

Warpalawa is first attested among the five regional rulers who paid tribute to Tiglath-pileser III (745-727 BC).

MonumentsEdit

Among other commemorative monuments, Warpalawas most notably commissioned the carving of the İvriz relief, a rock relief at the site of Ivriz near a spring, south of Tuwanuwa in the province of Konya. In the relief, he is depicted with the storm-god Tarhunzas. His attire in the relief is seen as an evidence for his kingdom's close affinity with the Phrygians. The relief is accompanied with a hieroglyphic Luwian inscription. The Tabalian king Urballa, mentioned in the Assyrian texts at the time of Tiglath-pileser III and Sargon II probably is Warpalawas.

Some scholars assume that Warpalawa was a subordinate of Wasusarma.[1][2] This assumption was being made based on the fact that Wasusarma assumed the title ‘‘Great King’’.

Some scholars believe that there was a small dynasty of Warpalawa's, with Warpalawa I ruling early in the 8th century before Warpalawa II.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Woudhuizen, F. C. 2007: Great King Wasusarma’s victory memorial at Topada, Ancient West and East 6, 23–41
  2. ^ Weippert, M. 1973: Menahem von Israel und seine Zeitgenossen in einer Stelinschrift des assyrischen Königs Tiglathpileser III. aus dem Iran, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 89, 26–53.

BibliographyEdit

  • Melchert, H C. (ed.); 2003. The Luwians. (Leiden: Brill Publishers). ISBN 90-474-0214-6 (ebook) ISBN 90-04-13009-8 (print)
  • Hawkins, J. David; 1999. The Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-014870-6.

External linksEdit