Walter Anthony Murphy Jr. (born December 19, 1952) is an American composer, arranger, pianist, musician, songwriter, and record producer. He is best known for the instrumental "A Fifth of Beethoven", a disco adaptation of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony which topped the charts in 1976 and was featured on the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack in 1977. Further classical–disco fusions followed, such as "Flight '76", "Rhapsody in Blue", "Toccata and Funk in 'D' Minor", "Bolero", and "Mostly Mozart", but were not as successful.
|Birth name||Walter Anthony Murphy Jr.|
|Born||December 19, 1952|
New York, New York
In a career spanning nearly five decades, Murphy has written music for numerous films and TV shows, including The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, The Savage Bees, Stingray, Wiseguy, The Commish, Profit, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Looney Tunes, and How Murray Saved Christmas. He has had a long-running partnership with Seth MacFarlane, composing music for his films and TV shows such as Family Guy, The Cleveland Show, American Dad!, Ted, and Ted 2.
Murphy was born on December 19, 1952, in New York City, and grew up in Manhattan. At age four, he attended music lessons hosted by Rosa Rio, studying an array of instruments, including the organ and piano. Rio frequently opted for him to star in television advertisements for the Hammond organ.
Against the wishes of his father, who was a real estate agent and wished to pass down his business to his son, Murphy enrolled in the Manhattan School of Music in 1970; recalling his experiences with his father, Murphy stated "He wanted me to be a doctor or lawyer—or something you can depend on." There, Murphy studied jazz and classical piano; referring to his studies, he stated "There never was a time when I wasn't studying music." In 1972, he married Laurie Robertson, who worked in the plastics industry.
1970–1976: Early yearsEdit
1976–1978: Private Stock years, breakthroughEdit
In college, Murphy's interests included rock music, particularly that which was adapted from classical music, such as "Joy" by Apollo 100 and "A Lover's Concerto" by The Toys. Later, in 1976, he was writing a disco song for a commercial, when a producer gave him the idea of "updating classical music," which "nobody had done lately." He then recorded a demo tape of four songs—three were ordinary pop songs, while the fourth was a disco rendition of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony titled "A Fifth of Beethoven—and mailed it to various record labels in New York City. Response was generally unimpressive, but "Fifth" caught the interest of Private Stock Records owner Larry Uttal.
Murphy signed on to Private Stock and recorded the album A Fifth of Beethoven. The first single and title track, "A Fifth of Beethoven", was released on May 29, 1976. It was a hit, starting out at number 80 on the Billboard Hot 100 and eventually reaching number 1 within 19 weeks, where it stayed for one week. The single sold two million copies, while the album sold about 750,000 copies. The second single, a rendition of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's "Flight of the Bumblebee" titled "Flight '76", was less successful, reaching only number 44 on the Hot 100.
The record was credited to "Walter Murphy & The Big Apple Band" upon encouragement from Private Stock, who believed it would become a hit if credited to a group rather than an individual. However, two days following the record's release, Private Stock discovered the existence of another Big Apple Band (which promptly changed its name to Chic); the record was later re-released and credited to "The Walter Murphy Band", then just "Walter Murphy".
Following the success of "A Fifth of Beethoven", Murphy toured with his band and made guest appearances on shows such as Don Kirshner's Rock Concert, The Midnight Special, Dinah!, and American Bandstand. In addition, as a result of the single's success, Murphy and his wife were able to move out of their two-room apartment in Yonkers and into a rented ranch house in the same Westchester neighborhood. On the success of the single, he said: "It's really sad that the kids today can only relate to Beethoven via a rock version of his music." He hoped "that maybe if they've heard this much of his symphony, they'll go out and buy the original."
In 1977, "A Fifth of Beethoven" was licensed to RSO Records for inclusion on the soundtrack to the film Saturday Night Fever, giving it a new lease on life. Also that year, Murphy recorded the album Rhapsody in Blue, which contained a similar mix of classical-disco fusion and self-penned pop songs. Two singles were released: a disco treatment of George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue", and the self-penned instrumental "Uptown Serenade." The former narrowly missed the top 100, but received significant play on easy-listening stations, according to Billboard.
In 1978, Murphy recorded the album Phantom of the Opera, a concept album telling the story of The Phantom of the Opera, featuring Gene Pistilli as Erik/The Phantom, B.G. Gibson as Raoul, and Renée Geyer as Christine. The album spawned three singles: "Dance Your Face Off"/"Gentle Explosion" (a double A-side), "Toccata and Funk in 'D' Minor", and "The Music Will Not End". The latter was a Top 40 hit, but the former failed to make the club or radio charts.
1979–1982: Move to RCA, Uncle Louie, move to MCAEdit
Murphy signed on to RCA in 1979, and released the album Walter Murphy's Discosymphony. The album spawned the singles "Bolero" and "Mostly Mozart"; the latter failed to chart, indicating that Murphy had taken the "classical disco" concept as far as it could go.
Also in 1979, Murphy joined with brothers Eddie and Frank Dillard, forming the band Uncle Louie. They signed on to TK Records and released one album, Uncle Louie's Here, which explored a more aggressive, funk-based angle than Murphy's solo albums. The album spawned three singles: "Full-Tilt Boogie", which reached number 19 on the Billboard R&B chart, "I Like Funky Music", and "Sky High".
In 1982, Murphy signed on to MCA Records and recorded Themes from E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and More. The album contained disco and pop-tinged arrangements of themes to popular movies of the time, such as E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Indiana Jones, and Poltergeist. The album spawned one single, a medley of "Themes from ET (The Extra-Terrestrial)", which climbed to number 47 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Film and television careerEdit
During an appointment with Bobby Rosengarden, bandleader of the Dick Cavett Show orchestra, Murphy convinced the group to play some of his arrangements when he found Rosengarden to be absent. Looking back on the situation, he stated "I still can't believe I did it. I'm not a very forward person." Since the band "wasn't very busy," they performed his arrangements live and enjoyed them, convincing Murphy to write more.
In April 1972, a fellow student from the Manhattan School of Music introduced Murphy to Doc Severinsen, musical director of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Murphy presented his arrangements to Severinsen, who liked them enough to have The Tonight Show Band play them live. However, The Tonight Show moved production to Burbank, California a month later, and a final year of college prevented Murphy from joining them.
From 1970 to 1980, Murphy worked as a Manhattan Avenue jingle writer, writing for such clients as Lady Arrow shirts, Revlon, Woolworth's, Viasa Airlines, and Korvette's, as well as arrangements for the popular television series Big Blue Marble.
Since 1999, Murphy has served as one of the two main composers for the animated series Family Guy, the other being Ron Jones until the 12th season in 2014. He has described his scores for Family Guy as "a combination of [big-band swing and action-orchestral]." The song "You've Got a Lot to See", composed for the episode "Brian Wallows and Peter's Swallows", won the award for Outstanding Music and Lyrics at the 2002 Emmy Awards. In 2005, Murphy scored music for the offshoot album Family Guy: Live in Vegas.
- Don Kirshner's Rock Concert (1976)
- The Midnight Special (1976–77)
- American Bandstand (1976)
- The Mike Douglas Show (1976–77; 1979)
- The Merv Griffin Show (1976–77)
- Dinah! (1976–77)
- Dick Clark's Live Wednesday (1978)
- 21st Annual Grammy Awards (1979)
- The Simpsons: Lisa's Wedding (1995)
- Score! The Music of 'Family Guy' (2005)
- Family Guy: Creating the Chaos (2009)
- Seth & Alex's Almost Live Comedy Show (2009)
- 85th Academy Awards (2013)
- The Dick Cavett Show (1972)
- The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson (1972)
- Big Blue Marble (1974)
- The Savage Bees (1976)
- The Night They Took Miss Beautiful (1976)
- Raw Force aka Kung Fu Cannibals (1982)
- The New Leave It to Beaver (1983–89)
- Rhinestone (1984)
- The A-Team (1985)
- Pulsebeat (1985)
- ABC Weekend Special (1985)
- Stingray (1985–87)
- Tickets of the Trade (1988)
- Wiseguy (1988–90)
- The Lady Forgets (1989)
- Hunter (1990–91)
- The Commish (1991–96)
- Crow's Nest (1992)
- Jumpin' Joe (1992)
- Profit (1996–97)
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997)
- Channel Umptee-3 (1997)
- Family Guy (1999–2003; 2005–present)
- Por un beso (2000)
- Changing Hearts (2002)
- Fillmore! (2002)
- Looney Tunes (2003–04)
- The Kennedy Center Honors (That's Pure Mike Nichols song 2003)
- American Dad! (2005–present)
- The Winner (2007)
- Seth MacFarlane's Cavalcade of Cartoon Comedy (2008–09)
- Foodfight! (2012)
- The Cleveland Show (2009–13)
- Ted (2012)
- 85th Academy Awards (2013)
- How Murray Saved Christmas (2014)
- Ted 2 (2015)
- The Late Bloomer (2016)
|A Fifth of Beethoven
(as The Walter Murphy Band)
|Rhapsody in Blue||
|Phantom of the Opera||
|Walter Murphy's Discosymphony||
|Uncle Louie's Here
(with Uncle Louie)
|Themes from E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and More||
|Family Guy: Live in Vegas
(as Walter Murphy and His Orchestra)
|Ted: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(with Various Artists)
|Ted 2: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(with Various Artists)
|The Best of Walter Murphy: A Fifth of Beethoven||
|"A Fifth of Beethoven"||1976||A Fifth of Beethoven|
|"Flight '76"||1976||A Fifth of Beethoven|
|"Rhapsody in Blue"||1977||Rhapsody in Blue|
|"Uptown Serenade"||1977||Rhapsody in Blue|
|"Dance Your Face Off"/"Gentle Explosion"||1978||Phantom of the Opera|
|"Toccata and Funk in 'D' Minor"||1978||Phantom of the Opera|
|"The Music Will Not End"||1978||Phantom of the Opera|
|"Mostly Mozart"||1979||Walter Murphy's Discosymphony|
|"Bolero"||1979||Walter Murphy's Discosymhpony|
|"Full-Tilt Boogie"||1979||Uncle Louie's Here|
|"I Like Funky Music"||1979||Uncle Louie's Here|
|"Sky High"||1979||Uncle Louie's Here|
|"Themes from E.T. (the Extra-Terrestrial)"||1982||Themes from E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and More|
Awards and nominationsEdit
- BR-Online Staff (December 29, 2003). "One Hit Wonder: Walter Murphy: "A Fifth of Beethoven"". BR-Online (in German). BR-Online.com. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
- Wilmath, Kim (June 6, 2010). "Tampa Theatre says goodbye to its queen, Rosa Rio". St. Petersburg Times. Times Publishing Company. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
- Wansley, Joy (September 20, 1976). "Roll Over Again, Beethoven; the Hustle's On, and Walter Murphy Has Taken 'A Fifth'". People. Time Inc. 6 (12).
- Ward, Taylor (March 23, 1997). "The queen of the soaps". St. Petersburg Times. Times Publishing Company. p. 1.F. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
- Lassen, Kurt (October 14, 1976). "'A Fifth of Beethoven': Murphy Amazed at Success of Single". The Telegraph: 47.
- Rodgers, Nile (2011). Le Freak: An Upside Down Story of Family, Disco, and Destiny. Spiegel & Grau. ISBN 978-0-385-52965-5.
- Campbell, Mary (October 15, 1976). "Beethoven Arranger Having Ball". The News and Courier: 48.
- Itzkoff, Dave (November 4, 2007). "A Satirical Sit-Com's Memorable Music" – via NYTimes.com.
- ""A Fifth of Beethoven" - Walter Murphy". www.superseventies.com.
- Wynn, Ron. "Walter Murphy > Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
- Inc, Nielsen Business Media (November 23, 1985). "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. – via Google Books.
- Goldwasser, Dan (April 28, 2005). "The Music of Family Guy and American Dad". SoundtrackNet. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
- "2002 Emmy Awards: Winners!". Hollywood.com. September 9, 2003. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
- "Family Guy Live in Las Vegas". IGN. News Corporation. April 15, 2005. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
- "The Complete List of Grammy Nominations". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. December 8, 2005. p. 1. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
- Morgan, David (January 10, 2013). ""Lincoln," "Life of Pi" lead Oscar race". CBS News. CBS Corporation. Retrieved October 7, 2013.