Walter Hore-Ruthven, 10th Lord Ruthven of Freeland

Major General Walter Patrick Hore-Ruthven, 10th Lord Ruthven of Freeland, 2nd Baron Ruthven of Gowrie, CB, CMG, DSO (6 June 1870 – 16 April 1956), known as Master of Ruthven from 1870 to 1921, was a senior British Army officer. He served as Major-General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding London District from 1924 to 1928, and was then Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey until 1934.

The Lord Ruthven of Freeland and of Gowrie
Born(1870-06-06)6 June 1870
Died16 April 1956(1956-04-16) (aged 85)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service1887–1934
RankMajor General
Commands heldLondon District (1924–28)
Bangalore Brigade (1920–23)
1st Guards Brigade (1919)
120th Brigade (1918)
1st Battalion, Scots Guards (1914–15)
Battles/warsSecond Boer War
First World War
AwardsCompanion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches (10)
Spouse(s)Jean Leslie Lampson
ChildrenBridget, Jean, Alison, and Margaret

Early life edit

Ruthven was the son of Walter James Hore-Ruthven, 9th Lord Ruthven of Freeland, 1st Baron Ruthven of Gowrie, and of his wife Lady Caroline Annesley Gore, a daughter of Philip Gore, 4th Earl of Arran. He was educated at Eton College.[1]

Military career edit

In 1887, aged seventeen, Hore-Ruthven was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the 3rd (Militia) battalion of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.[2] On 25 July 1891 he transferred to regular service in the Scots Guards, was promoted to lieutenant on 12 February 1896 and to captain on 11 October 1899.[3] He served in the Second Boer War and took part in the Battle of Magersfontein on 10–11 December 1899, in which a defending Boer force defeated the advancing British forces with heavy casualties for the latter. He was mentioned in the despatch from Lord Methuen describing the battle.[4] On 1 January 1902, he was appointed regimental Adjutant of the Scots Guards.[5][6]

Ruthven later served in the First World War.[7] He succeeded as 2nd Baron Ruthven of Gowrie and as 10th Lord Ruthven of Freeland in 1921.

After the war he became Commander of the Bangalore Brigade in India and in 1924 he was appointed Major-General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding London District.[7] In 1929 he was made Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey.[7] He retired in 1935.[7]

Personal life edit

In 1895, Ruthven married Jean Leslie Lampson, a granddaughter of Curtis Lampson, and they had four children:[1]

After Jean Lampson's death in 1952, Lord Ruthven remarried Judith Gordon Bell.[1]

Titles edit

Lord Ruthven's surname and title originated from his Irish great-grandfather Walter Hore's marriage to Scottish noblewoman Mary Ruthven, Lady Ruthven of Freeland. Walter legally changed his surname to Hore-Ruthven.

  • The Master of Ruthven (1870–1921)
  • Major General the Lord Ruthven of Freeland CB CMG DSO (1921–1956)

As his more senior title was in the Peerage of Scotland and may be inherited by female descendants. It has been held since 1994 by his great-grandson George Howard, 13th Earl of Carlisle, grandson of Bridget Monckton, 11th Lady Ruthven of Freeland.[1] The junior title Baron Ruthven of Gowrie may only pass through male descendants and has been held since November 2021 by his great-great-nephew (Patrick Leo) Brer Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie.

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d Maj.-Gen. Walter Patrick Hore-Ruthven, 10th Lord Ruthven of Freeland. Burke's Peerage. p. 692.
  2. ^ "No. 25710". The London Gazette. 17 June 1887. p. 3288.
  3. ^ Hart′s Army list, 1901
  4. ^ "No. 27174". The London Gazette. 16 March 1900. pp. 1785–1787.
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times. No. 36667. London. 17 January 1902. p. 9.
  6. ^ "No. 27402". The London Gazette. 31 January 1902. p. 648.
  7. ^ a b c d Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

External links edit

Military offices
Preceded by GOC London District
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey
Succeeded by
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Lord Ruthven of Freeland
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Baron Ruthven of Gowrie
Succeeded by