Walter H. Gladwin (October 21, 1902 – June 12, 1988) was an American politician in the Bronx in the mid-20th century. He was the first black person to be elected to the New York State Assembly, be appointed an assistant district attorney or be named a criminal court judge in the Bronx. A park in the neighborhood where he served was renamed in his honor in 2020.
|New York State Assembly|
|Constituency||Tremont and Morrisania, The Bronx, New York|
|Born||October 21, 1902|
Berbice, British Guiana
|Died||June 12, 1988|
Goshen, New York
|Alma mater||City College of New York|
Gladwin was admitted to the bar in 1942. In 1943, he was named Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue for the Third District of New York, and in 1946, Assistant Corporation Counsel for the City of New York.
In 1952, Gladwin was elected to the New York Assembly for district 7, and for district 6 in 1954 and 1956 after district lines were redrawn. With the support of Elias Karmon and the Jackson Democratic Club, he won all three races by wide margins, getting 64%, 76%, and 69% of the vote respectively. While serving in the assembly, he advocated for the U.S. Congress to withhold federal aid from states which did not comply with the Supreme Court's school desegregation order. In 1957, he was appointed by Mayor Robert Wagner to a judgeship in the New York Criminal Court, in which capacity he presided over the Adele Morales case.
Gladwin was the first black person in the Bronx to serve in either the Assembly or as a criminal court judge, as well as being the first black assistant district attorney in the Bronx. In the early 1950s, a number of political parties in New York City nominated black candidates: Andronicus Jacobs for Manhattan Borough President by the American Labor Party, Elmer Carter for the New York State Commission Against Discrimination by the Republican Party, and James Robinson by the Liberal Party. The Democratic Party nominated Gladwin under pressure from Ewart Gunier's Harlem Affairs Committee to respond to these events.
Gladwin served in many voluntary and civic positions. He was president of the Bronx chapter of the NAACP, director of the Bronx Chamber of commerce, and a member of the executive board of the Boy Scouts of America. He was also vice-chairman of the Bronx Committee of the National Conference of Christians and Jews, and was on the board of directors for the Forest Neighborhood Houses. He worked toward peaceful race relations as the head of the Bronx branch of the Urban League.
Walter Gladwin ParkEdit
In 2020, commemorating the 51st anniversary of Black Solidarity Day, the New York City Parks Department renamed Tremont Park as Walter Gladwin Park. The Parks Department noted that, "His legislative priorities included combating narcotics use among youth, improving housing for low-and middle-income constituents, strengthening civil rights guarantees and enforcement, and advocating for a state-sponsored summer camp program".
Gladwin was born in Berbice (spelled Verbice in some sources), British Guiana. He was orphaned while a teanager, at which time he moved to the Bronx to live with an uncle. He attended City College, graduating in 1936, and New York Law School, graduating in 1941. He earned money to pay for his education by working part-time jobs as a printer and as an elevator operator.
Gladwin and his wife Anna, had three daughters (Beryl, Phyllis, and Carol) and a son, Walter. Gladwin retired as a judge in 1972, after which he moved to Highland Mills, New York where he resided for the rest of his life and was in private practice until 1983. He died of a heart attack on June 12, 1988, in Goshen, New York.
- "Walter Gladwin Park : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- "Walter Gladwin Park (history)". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
- "African-American Namesake Parks : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- "Walter Gladwin, 85, Former Bronx Judge And Assemblyman". The New York Times. June 13, 1988. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- Karmon, Elias. "Interview with the Bronx African American History Project" (Interview). Interviewed by Dr. Mark Naison. BAAHP Digital Archive Fordham University. p. 16. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- "Our Campaigns – Candidate – Walter H. Gladwin". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- "New Legal Poison is Aimed at Litterbugs". Wellsville Daily Reporter. January 25, 1956. p. 1. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- New York Law School (August 14, 2015). "Walter Gladwin, Class of 1941, First Black Assemblyman in the Bronx". NYLS "Firsts".
- Biondi, Martha (June 30, 2009). To Stand and Fight. Harvard University Press. pp. 214–215. ISBN 978-0-674-02095-5.
- Johnson, Stephon (November 5, 2020). "NYC renames parks in honor of Black Solidarity Day". Amsterdam News. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- BCHS1639 (September 2, 2015). "Notable Bronxites". The Bronx County Historical Society. Retrieved May 20, 2021.