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|Waleran III of Luxembourg|
|Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol|
|Reign||1371 - 1415|
|Died||12 April 1415|
|Spouse||Maud Holland (c.1374 - 1392)|
Bona of Bar (c.1392 - 1400)
|Issue||Jeanne of Luxembourg|
|House||House of Luxemburg|
|Father||Guy of Luxembourg|
|Mother||Mahaut of Châtillon|
Waleran was the son of Guy of Luxembourg and Mahaut of Châtillon. His name originates from the fact that he was a 5th generation descendant of Henry V, Count of Luxembourg, and thus belonged to the french branch of the House of Luxembourg.
Waleran succeeded his father in 1371, after his death at the Battle of Baesweiler. Waleran was captured at the same battle, but released through the intercession of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1374, he was captured by the English before Ardres and sent to Windsor as a prisoner. The English attempted to exchange him for Jean III de Grailly, captal de Buch, but without success. In 1380, while a captive, he married Maud Holland (d. 1392), daughter of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent and Joan of Kent and stepdaughter of Edward, the Black Prince. This allowed him to negotiate down his ransom, and he was released soon afterwards.
After Maud's death, he married Bona of Bar (d. 1400), daughter of Duke Robert of Bar and Marie of Valois (daughter of John II of France), but they had no children. He was one of the peace commissioners sent to London in 1396, and made a futile attack on the English at Mercq near Calais in 1405. He was of the party of Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, marrying his daughter to Philip's son Antoine. Under the Burgundians he obtained preferment, becoming Grand Maître des Eaux et Forêts, the governor of Paris in 1410, and Constable of France in 1411. However, he lost the Constableship and was driven from Paris with the rest of the Burgundians in 1413. He died in 1415 and was succeeded by his grandson Philip of Saint-Pol.
Marriage and issueEdit
Waleran and Maud had:
By his mistress, Agnes de Brie, Waleran had:
- John, bastard of St. Pol, called Hennequin, lord of Hautbordin.(d.1466)
|Ancestors of Waleran III, Count of Ligny|
- (FR)Michelle Bubenicek, Quand les femmes gouvernent: droit et politique au XIVe siècle, (Ecole de Chartes, 2002), 262.
- "The Quarrel of Old Women": Henry IV, Louis of Orleans, and Anglo-French Chivalric Challenges in the Early Fifteenth Century, Chris Given-Wilson, The Reign of Henry IV: Rebellion and Survival, 1403-1413, ed. Gwilym Dodd and Douglas Biggs, (York Medieval Press, 2008), 36.
- "The Quarrel of Old Women": Henry IV, Louis of Orleans, and Anglo-French Chivalric Challenges in the Early Fifteenth Century, Chris Given-Wilson, 37.
- Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, (The Boydell Press, 2009), 90.
- de Wavrin 2012, p. 164.
- de Wavrin, Jean (2012). Hardy, William (ed.). Recueil Des Chroniques Et Anchiennes Istories de la Grant Bretaigne (in French). Vol. 3: From A.D. 1422 to A.D. 1431. Cambridge University Press.