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WTNH, virtual channel 8 (VHF digital channel 10), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to New Haven, Connecticut and serving the Hartford–New Haven television market. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group as part of a duopoly with WCTX (channel 59), also licensed to New Haven. The two stations share studios on Elm Street in downtown New Haven and transmitter facilities in Hamden, Connecticut; however, master control and some internal operations originate from hub facilities at Nexstar-owned WWLP (channel 22) in Chicopee, Massachusetts.

WTNH
WTNH Logo.png
Wtnh bounce.png
New HavenHartford, Connecticut
United States
CityNew Haven, Connecticut
BrandingWTNH Channel 8 (general)
News 8 (newscasts)
SloganYour Local News Source
ChannelsDigital: 10 (VHF)
(shared with WCTX)
Virtual: 8 (PSIP)
Subchannels
AffiliationsABC
OwnerNexstar Media Group
(Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc.)
FoundedAugust 1947[1][2]
First air dateJune 15, 1948 (71 years ago) (1948-06-15)
Call letters' meaningTelevision New Haven
Sister station(s)WCTX
Former callsignsWNHC-TV (1948–1971)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 6 (VHF, 1948–1953)
  • 8 (VHF, 1953–2009)
Former affiliations
  • Primary:
  • DuMont (1948–1956)
  • CBS (1948–1956)
  • Secondary:
  • NBC (1949–1955)
  • The WB (January–April 1995)
Transmitter power20.5 kW
Height342 m (1,122 ft)
Facility ID74109
Transmitter coordinates41°25′22.2″N 72°57′4.9″W / 41.422833°N 72.951361°W / 41.422833; -72.951361Coordinates: 41°25′22.2″N 72°57′4.9″W / 41.422833°N 72.951361°W / 41.422833; -72.951361
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license informationProfile
CDBS
Websitewww.wtnh.com

HistoryEdit

Local pioneer (1948–1970)Edit

WTNH first went on the air on June 15, 1948 as WNHC-TV, originally broadcasting on channel 6. The station was founded by the Elm City Broadcasting Corporation, owners of WNHC radio (1340 AM, now WYBC; and 99.1 FM, now WPLR).[3] Elm City Broadcasting founded WNHC radio in December 1944 and was principally owned by Patrick J. Goode, U.S. postmaster for New Haven; Garo W. Ray, Chief Engineer; and Aldo DeDominicis, a radio salesperson.[4] The station is Connecticut's oldest television outlet.

WNHC-TV was originally an affiliate of the DuMont Television Network, and claims to have been the first full-time station of that short-lived network.[5] The station originally broadcast from WNHC radio's building on Chapel Street in downtown New Haven.[6] However, with no studio facilities of its own, it could not produce local programming. For a time, WNHC-TV simply rebroadcast the signal of DuMont's New York City flagship, WABD (now Fox flagship WNYW).[7] In October 1948, the station added CBS programming to its schedule,[8] and additional secondary affiliations with NBC and ABC followed a year later.[9][10] The station was the first in the country to use videotape for local programming and one of the first to broadcast in color.

When the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)'s Sixth Report and Order ended the four-year freeze on television construction permit awards in 1952, it also reorganized channel allocations to alleviate interference issues. As a result, WNHC-TV changed frequencies and moved to channel 8 in December 1953.[11][12] The next year, the FCC collapsed New Haven and Hartford into a single market. WNHC-TV shared some CBS programming with New Britain's WKNB-TV (channel 30, now NBC owned-and-operated station WVIT) until 1955, since WKNB's signal was not strong enough to cover New Haven at the time.

In 1956, the WNHC stations were purchased by Philadelphia-based Triangle Publications.[13] Also that same year, WNHC-TV lost its CBS affiliation when that network purchased WGTH-TV in Hartford (channel 18, later WHCT and now Univision affiliate WUVN). This left channel 8 as a sole ABC affiliate, although it shared ABC programming with WATR-TV (channel 20, now WCCT-TV) in nearby Waterbury until 1966. Under Triangle ownership the WNHC stations moved to a new studio facility, on College Street in downtown New Haven, around 1960.

Until the original WTIC-TV (channel 3, now WFSB) signed on from Hartford in September 1957, WNHC-TV was the only station on the VHF dial in Connecticut. Many viewers northeast of Hartford used outdoor antennas to get spotty reception of CBS and NBC programs from Boston, while those southwest of Hartford with outdoor TV antennas got great to excellent reception from their respective New York City flagship stations, which were local channels to most of Connecticut. By contrast, most of Connecticut got a clear picture and pitch-perfect sound from channel 8.

Later years (1970–present)Edit

Triangle was forced to sell its broadcast outlets in 1970 after then-Pennsylvania Governor Milton J. Shapp complained the company had used its Pennsylvania stations in a smear campaign against him. The WNHC stations were among the first batch to be sold, going to Capital Cities Communications, along with sister stations in Philadelphia and Fresno, California in a deal finalized in 1971.[14][15] However, Capital Cities could not keep the radio stations because of the FCC's then-restrictions on ownership, resulting in WNHC-AM-FM being spun off to separate third parties.[16] WNHC-TV changed its call letters to the current WTNH-TV in April 1971, not long after Capital Cities officially took over (the station dropped the -TV suffix from its calls in 1985, but continued to call itself "WTNH-TV" on-air well into the 1990s). The station later relocated for a second time in May 1983, into its present studio facility on Elm Street.

On March 19, 1985, Capital Cities announced its intention to buy ABC in a deal that would stun the broadcast industry.[17] As part of the deal, Capital Cities was required to sell WTNH and WPVI due to a significant signal overlap with ABC's New York flagship station, WABC-TV.[18] Like the other major stations in Connecticut, WTNH's signal reaches Fairfield County and most of Long Island, both of which are part of the New York City market.[19] At the time, the FCC normally did not allow common ownership of two stations with overlapping coverage areas, and would not even consider granting a waiver for a city-grade overlap (the FCC began allowing common ownership of two stations with overlapping coverage areas in 2000). Capital Cities decided to retain ownership of its stations in Fresno and Houston, and received a permanent waiver to operate WPVI, citing CBS' grandfathered ownership of its stations in New York and Philadelphia. As a result, WTNH was sold to Cook Inlet Television Partners, a subsidiary of Cook Inlet Region, Inc. (an Alaska Native Regional Corporation); the deal was eventually completed in January 1986.[20] During the mid-1980s, the syndicated Sally Jessy Raphael talk show originated from the WTNH studios in New Haven, until the show moved to New York City later in the decade.

Cook Inlet sold WTNH to LIN Television in 1994. When a new UHF station in New Haven, WTVU (channel 59, now WCTX) signed on in April 1995 as a WB affiliate, WTNH began operating the station through a local marketing agreement (LMA);[21] prior to WTVU's launch, WTNH held a temporary secondary WB affiliation, airing its programming (which at the time consisted solely of a Wednesday primetime lineup) Saturdays in late night.[22] In 2001, LIN TV bought WCTX outright. On May 18, 2007, the company announced that it was exploring strategic alternatives that could have resulted in the sale of the company.[23] On March 21, 2014, Media General announced that it would purchase LIN Media and its stations, including WTNH and WCTX, in a $1.6 billion merger.[24] The merger was completed on December 19.[25]

On September 8, 2015, Media General announced that it would acquire the Meredith Corporation for $2.4 billion, with the combined group to be renamed Meredith Media General if the sale had been finalized. Because Meredith already owned WFSB, and the two stations ranked among the four highest-rated stations in the Hartford–New Haven market in total day viewership, the companies would have been required to sell either WTNH or WFSB to comply with FCC ownership rules as well as recent changes to those rules regarding same-market television stations that restrict sharing agreements; WCTX would have been the only one of the three stations affected by the merger that could legally be acquired by Meredith Media General, as its total day viewership ranked below the top-four ratings threshold.[26][27][28][29] However, on January 27, 2016, Nexstar Broadcasting Group announced that it had reached an agreement to acquire Media General (which was approved on January 17, 2017), resulting in the termination of Meredith's acquisition by Media General.

On December 3, 2018, Nexstar announced it would acquire the assets of Chicago-based Tribune Media—which has owned Fox affiliate WTIC-TV (channel 61) since 1996 and CW affiliate WCCT-TV (channel 20) since 2001—for $6.4 billion in cash and debt. Nexstar is precluded from acquiring WTIC and WCCT directly or indirectly, as FCC regulations prohibit common ownership of more than two stations in the same media market, or two or more of the four highest-rated stations in the market. (Furthermore, any attempt by Nexstar to assume the operations of WTIC and WCCT through local marketing or shared services agreements may be subject to regulatory hurdles that could delay completion of the FCC and Justice Department's review and approval process for the acquisition.) As such, Nexstar will be required to sell two of the stations (including one ranking in the top four in ratings) to a separate, unrelated company to address the ownership conflict, potentially creating two new duopolies.[30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39] On March 20, 2019, it was announced that Nexstar would keep the WTNH/WCTX duopoly and sell the WTIC/WCCT duopoly to McLean, Virginia-based Tegna Inc. as part of the company's sale of nineteen Nexstar- and Tribune-operated stations to Tegna and the E. W. Scripps Company in separate deals worth $1.32 billion; this would make the WTIC/WCCT duopoly the first television properties in Connecticut and southern New England for Tegna.[40][41]

Digital televisionEdit

Digital channelsEdit

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[42]
8.1 720p 16:9 WTNH-DT Main WTNH programming / ABC
8.2 480i BOUNCE Bounce TV

Analog-to-digital conversionEdit

WTNH shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 8, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television.[43] The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 10, using PSIP to display WTNH's virtual channel as 8 on digital television receivers.

Cable and satellite availabilityEdit

During the 1970s and 1980s, WTNH once had carriage in portions of northeastern New Jersey in Bergen County and much of Suffolk County on Long Island.[44]

ProgrammingEdit

In addition to the ABC network schedule, syndicated programming broadcast on WTNH include Jeopardy!, Wheel of Fortune, Dr. Phil and Judge Judy, among others.

News operationEdit

 
Logo for WTNH's news operation.

WTNH presently broadcasts 36 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 6 hours on weekdays and 3 hours each on Saturdays and Sundays). In addition to its main studios, WTNH operates a New London Bureau in The Day newsroom on Eugene O'Neill Drive and a Hartford Bureau on Columbus Boulevard. Along with regional NOAA National Weather Service radar data, the station operates its own weather radar near its transmitter site in Hamden. Together, these two sources are called "SkyMax Doppler Network". This can be seen via live video with audio from the National Weather Service on WTNH's website.

For over a quarter century, the station used the Action News format made famous at former Philadelphia sister station WFIL-TV (which became WPVI-TV and is now an ABC O&O), using the same "Move Closer to Your World" music and graphics packages as WPVI. It rebranded as NewsChannel 8 in 1996.

For most of the last half-century, WTNH has been a distant runner-up in the overall Connecticut market to dominant WFSB. However, in recent times, it has had to fend off a spirited challenge from WVIT. Since the turn of the millennium, the two stations have regularly traded the runner-up spot. However, WTNH appears to have higher ratings in southern and coastal Connecticut. Historically, WTNH's ratings for news and local programming are far higher in Nielsen's "Metro B" area (New Haven County) than "Metro A" (Hartford County).

Since 2000, WTNH has been producing a nightly prime time newscast at 10:00 p.m. on WBNE/WCTX. It has competed right from the start with WTIC-TV's 10:00 p.m. broadcast, which established itself as a viewer favorite since it debuted in 1989. As of the February 2008 ratings period, WTIC's weeknight newscast is actually the most watched late news broadcast in the market, even gathering more viewership than the 11:00 p.m. newscasts on Connecticut's Big Three stations. In 2005, WCTX began simulcasting the second hour of WTNH's weekday morning show at 6:00 a.m. followed by a third hour from 7:00 a.m. - 8:00 a.m. that was seen exclusively on WCTX, except for simulcast Good Morning America cut-ins on WTNH. The simulcast of the 6:00 a.m. hour was eventually dropped. The 7:00 a.m. hour received competition on March 3, 2008 when WTIC launched its own weekday morning show.

Its weekday noon newscast was originally an hour long, but was reduced to 30 minutes on February 23, 2009 when a new lifestyle/entertainment magazine show known as Connecticut Style was added at 12:30 p.m. On January 12, 2015, CT Style was added at 9:00 a.m. and the noon newscast become an hour long. On April 26, 2010, WTNH re-branded from News Channel 8 to News 8. In addition, WTNH began broadcasting its newscasts in 16:9 widescreen enhanced definition, with WCTX's newscasts and Connecticut Style being included in the upgrade. On October 4, 2010, WTNH became the third station in the market to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. WCTX's newscasts also made the transition, while Connecticut Style made the transition in 2015.

On January 2, 2017, Good Morning Connecticut was expanded to start at 4:30 a.m. while the noon newscast was shortened to 30 minutes. Connecticut Style was also cut to a half hour.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "WNHC seeks video CP to join DuMont hookup." Broadcasting - Telecasting. July 28, 1947, pg. 34.
  2. ^ "WDEL, WNHC get television permits." Broadcasting - Telecasting. September 1, 1947, pg. 16.
  3. ^ "WNHC-TV programs to start this week." Broadcasting - Telecasting, June 14, 1948, pg. 58.
  4. ^ "FCC grants FM, standard permits." Broadcasting - Broadcast Advertising, August 21, 1944, pg. 66.
  5. ^ Ingram, Clarke (1999). "Channel Three: Stations". DuMont Television Network Historical Website. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  6. ^ "Cultural Heritage Tours–Downtown Tour–WNHC TV". Walknewhaven.org. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  7. ^ "TV finds a haven." Broadcasting - Telecasting, September 20, 1948, pp. 42-47. [1] [2]
  8. ^ "WNHC-TV is new CBS-TV affiliate." Broadcasting - Telecasting, October 11, 1948, pg. 22.
  9. ^ "WNHC-TV takes NBC." Broadcasting - Telecasting, February 14, 1949, pg. 32.
  10. ^ "WNHC-TV adds ABC." Broadcasting - Telecasting, May 23, 1949, pg. 46.
  11. ^ "TV coverage; RTMA predicts expansion." Broadcasting - Telecasting, May 19, 1952, pg. 78.
  12. ^ "WNHC-TV switches from six to eight." Broadcasting - Telecasting. January 4, 1954, pg. 62.
  13. ^ "Triangle makes 4th purchase in year, buys WNHC-AM-FM-TV for $5.4 million." Broadcasting - Telecasting, May 28, 1956, pg. 82.
  14. ^ "Capcities buys 9 Triangle outlets." Broadcasting, February 16, 1970, pg. 9.
  15. ^ "Last minute clearance for Capcities." Broadcasting, March 1, 1971, pp. 19-20. [3] [4]
  16. ^ "WNHC-AM-FM sold." Broadcasting, April 6, 1970, pp. 9-10. [5] [6]
  17. ^ [7]"Capcities + ABC." Broadcasting, March 25, 1985, pp. 31-32
  18. ^ "The other side of the CCC/ABC deal: $1 billion in spin-offs." Broadcasting, April 1, 1985, pp. 43-44. [8][permanent dead link] [9][permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "FCC approval of CapCities/ABC deal likely." Broadcasting, March 25, 1985, pp. 33-34. [10][11]
  20. ^ "ABC/CCC sells four TV's for $485 million; Detroit, Tampa to Scripps Howard." Broadcasting, July 29, 1985, pg. 30.
  21. ^ Keveney, Bill (March 28, 1995). "WTVU, channel 59, will go on air in April". Hartford Courant. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  22. ^ Flint, Joe (April 17, 1995). "WB's second thoughts". Variety. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  23. ^ LIN TV Corp. Exploring Strategic Alternatives, LIN TV, May 18, 2007[permanent dead link]
  24. ^ Harrison, Crayton (March 21, 2014). "Media General To Buy LIN For $1.6 Billion". Hartford Courant. Bloomberg News. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  25. ^ Media General Completes Merger With LIN Media Archived December 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Press Release, Media General, Retrieved December 19, 2014
  26. ^ "Media General Acquiring Meredith For 2.4 Billion". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media. September 8, 2015.
  27. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (September 8, 2015). "TV Station Mega Merger: Media General Sets $2.4 Billion Acquisition of Meredith Corp". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  28. ^ "Media Merger Means WFSB Or WTNH Sale Likely". Hartford Courant. Tribune Publishing. Associated Press. September 8, 2015. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  29. ^ Turmelle, Luther (September 8, 2015). "Media General-Meredith deal means either WTNH or WFSB must be sold". New Haven Register. Journal Register Company. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  30. ^ "Acquisition of Tribune Media Company" (PDF). Nexstar Media Group. December 3, 2018.
  31. ^ Mark K. Miller (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Buying Tribune Media For $6.4 Billion". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  32. ^ Peter White; Dade Hayes (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Confirms $4.1B Tribune Media Acquisition To Become Leading Local TV Station Owner". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation.
  33. ^ Gerry Smith; Nabila Ahmed; Eric Newcomer (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar to buy WGN owner Tribune Media for $4.1 billion". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Bloomberg News.
  34. ^ Arjun Panchadar; Sonam Rai (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar to buy Tribune Media for $4.1 billion". Reuters.
  35. ^ Jon Lafayette (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Announces Deal to Buy Tribune for $6.4B". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media.
  36. ^ Adam Jacobson (December 3, 2018). "It's Official: Nexstar Takes Tribune In Billion-Dollar Stock Deal". Radio-Television Business Report. Streamline-RBR, Inc.
  37. ^ Harry A. Jessell; Mark K. Miller (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar To Spin Off $1B In Stations". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  38. ^ "Nexstar Media Group Enters into Definitive Agreement to Acquire Tribune Media Company for $6.4 Billion in Accretive Transaction Creating the Nation's Largest Local Television Broadcaster and Local Media Company". Nexstar Media Group. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  39. ^ "Nexstar Media Group Enters Into Definitive Agreement To Acquire Tribune Media Company". Tribune Media. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  40. ^ "Nexstar Selling 19 TVs In 15 Markets For $1.32B". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheckMedia. March 20, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
  41. ^ Nabila Ahmed; Anousha Sakoui (March 20, 2019). "Nexstar to Sell Stations to Tegna, Scripps for $1.32 Billion". Bloomberg News. Bloomberg, L.P.
  42. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WTNH
  43. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Stations
  44. ^ [12][permanent dead link]

External linksEdit