WYBC (1340 AM) is a radio station operating on the campus of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. The station is owned by Yale Broadcasting Company, Inc.; however, it is programmed by Sacred Heart University under a time brokerage agreement. WYBC is a public radio station, airing a news/talk format.
|City||New Haven, Connecticut|
|First air date||December 1944|
|Power||1,000 watts day|
880 watts night
|Callsign meaning||Yale Broadcasting Company|
|Former callsigns||WNHC (1944–1998)|
Public Radio International
American Public Media
|Owner||Yale Broadcasting Company, Inc.|
(operated by Sacred Heart University under a time brokerage agreement)
|Sister stations||WSHU-FM, WSUF, WYBC-FM|
The 1340 AM frequency first signed-on in December 1944 as WNHC, under the ownership of the Elm City Broadcasting Corporation. Elm City was principally controlled by Patrick J. Goode, U.S. postmaster for New Haven and former co-owner of WELI radio; and Aldo DeDominicis, a former WELI sales person. Triangle Publications acquired the station, along with WNHC-FM (99.1, now WPLR) and WNHC-TV (channel 8, now WTNH), from Elm City in 1956.
Triangle had sold its stations, including WNHC-AM-FM-TV, to Capital Cities Communications in 1971. However, the new owners were forced by the Federal Communications Commission to spin-off the radio stations to comply with then-current ownership limits; WNHC was sold to Westerly Broadcasting Company. By this time, the station had a contemporary format; this gave way in 1976 to a middle-of-the-road/talk format.
WNHC again attempted a top 40 format starting in June 1979 in an attempt to compete against WAVZ; however, just weeks later, WAVZ swapped formats with its sister station, WKCI. With minimal promotion, WNHC struggled to compete with WKCI's stronger FM signal, and in March 1980 it flipped to an urban format. However, the station ran into financial problems during the 1990s, forcing owner Willis Communications to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in December 1997. The bankruptcy resulted in a battle between Yale Broadcasting Company, which wanted to eliminate a competitor to WYBC-FM, and Buckley Broadcasting over the sale of WNHC, as well as protests against Yale Broadcasting in New Haven's African American community. The dispute ended on June 3, 1998, when Yale Broadcasting purchased the station in bankruptcy court; the next morning, WNHC was shut down at the order of a United States bankruptcy judge for the District of Connecticut. It returned to the air under Yale Broadcasting's control on September 15; on October 5, the callsign was changed to WYBC. (Starting in 1941, Yale students operated an unofficial AM radio station using weak-signal carrier current technology tolerated by the FCC and common among student-run stations at the time, renamed WYBC and changed to 640 AM in 1945, but that station ceased operations by the early 1980s.
In the station's first decade as WYBC, unlike many radio stations on a college campus, it featured both student and non-student programming, some professional. However, interest in the station eventually dwindled (in sharp contrast, sister station WYBC-FM, largely programmed by Cox Radio, is one of the highest-rated urban adult contemporary stations in the country), and its college radio programming was transitioned to an Internet radio station, WYBCX, by 2010. WYBC then adopted its current public radio programming, provided by Sacred Heart University, on April 4, 2011 (WYBC-FM continues to operate as a commercial station). The time brokerage agreement with Sacred Heart University provides funding for WYBCX's operations. The AM station uses a small Valcom fiberglass antenna in place of the original metal tower which stood on the site. 
- "WNHC takes the air." Broadcasting - Broadcast Advertising, December 4, 1944, pg. 14.
- "FCC grants FM, standard permits." Broadcasting - Broadcast Advertising, August 21, 1944, pg. 66.
- "Triangle makes 4th purchase in year, buys WNHC-AM-FM-TV for $5.4 million." Broadcasting - Telecasting, May 28, 1956, pg. 82.
- "Capcities buys 9 Triangle outlets." Broadcasting, February 16, 1970, pg. 9.
- "Last minute clearance for Capcities." Broadcasting, March 1, 1971, pp. 19-20.  
- "WNHC-AM-FM sold." Broadcasting, April 6, 1970, pp. 9-10.  
- Broadcasting Yearbook 1972 (PDF). 1972. p. B-46. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- Broadcasting Yearbook 1977 (PDF). 1977. p. C-36. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 8, 2010. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "WNHC (AM)". CT Broadcast History. Retrieved February 24, 2011.
- Fybush, Scott (May 30, 1998). "WNEQ, R.I.P?". North East RadioWatch. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "Application Search Details". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- Mele, Linda (February 23, 1998). "Air War". Business New Haven. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- Fybush, Scott (January 29, 1998). "A Sinclair Sale". North East RadioWatch. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- Fybush, Scott (June 4, 1998). "Tornado Topples WIVT". North East RadioWatch. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Fybush, Scott (September 18, 1998). "WERS Makes the Big Move". North East RadioWatch. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Call Sign History". FCC Media Bureau CDBS Public Access Database.
- see WYBC, Yale University Archives
- Lewis, Miranda (April 23, 2010). "WYBC makes waves, draws serious fans". The Yale Herald. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- Brensilver, David (April 7, 2011). "WSHU Programs Airing On WYBC". Breaking Arts. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- Fybush, Scott (April 11, 2011). "WBEN Adds FM". NorthEast Radio Watch. Retrieved April 18, 2011.