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WISN-TV, virtual channel 12 (UHF digital channel 28), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States. Owned by the Hearst Television subsidiary of Hearst Communications, it is the second-oldest television station to remain with the company in all of its various iterations behind WBAL-TV in Baltimore. WISN's studios are located on North 19th Street on the west end of the Marquette University campus, and its transmitter is located at Lincoln Park in the northeastern part of Milwaukee (next to the Weigel Broadcasting tower, which is used by CBS affiliate WDJT-TV, channel 58, and its sister stations).

WISN-TV
WISN 2012 Logo.png
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
United States
BrandingWISN 12 (general)
WISN 12 News (newscasts)
SloganLeading the Way with Important Local Coverage (news)
WISN 12: One of America's Leading ABC Stations (general)
ChannelsDigital: 28 (UHF)
Virtual: 12 (PSIP)
Affiliations12.1: ABC (since 1977; also 1954–1961)
12.2: Justice Network
OwnerHearst Television
(WISN Hearst Television Inc.)
First air dateOctober 27, 1954 (65 years ago) (1954-10-27)
Call letters' meaningThe WISconsin News
(former Milwaukee newspaper owned by Hearst, that merged with The Milwaukee Sentinel)
Former callsignsWTVW (1954–1955)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 12 (VHF, 1954–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 34 (UHF, 2005–2019)
Former affiliations
  • Primary:
  • CBS (1961–1977)
  • Secondary:
  • DuMont (1954–1955)
Transmitter power1,000 kW
Height304.7 m (1,000 ft)
Facility ID65680
Transmitter coordinates43°6′42″N 87°55′42″W / 43.11167°N 87.92833°W / 43.11167; -87.92833Coordinates: 43°6′42″N 87°55′42″W / 43.11167°N 87.92833°W / 43.11167; -87.92833
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license informationProfile
CDBS
Websitewww.wisn.com

HistoryEdit

First tenure with ABCEdit

The station first signed on the air on October 27, 1954 as WTVW (for its on-air slogan "Wisconsin's TeleVision Window"). WTVW's transmitter building was built under a tent, as rain had threatened to delay construction. After the building was finished, a second tent was erected, and used for live automobile commercials, until it collapsed one day in early 1955. In early 1955, the station was purchased by the Hearst Corporation, publishers of The Milwaukee Sentinel and owners of WISN radio (1130 AM); the new owners changed channel 12's call letters to WISN-TV, after its radio sister (whose calls were derived from now-defunct newspaper The Wisconsin News, which merged with the Sentinel 15 years prior to its sign-on;[1] the WTVW calls are now used by the CW-affiliated station in Evansville, Indiana). The station originally operated as a primary ABC affiliate with a secondary DuMont affiliation.[2] WISN-TV lost the DuMont affiliation when that network ceased operations in 1956, leaving it exclusively with ABC.

In January 1958, WISN-TV became the flagship station of the Badger Television Network, a three-station network serving Wisconsin that also included WFRV-TV in Green Bay and WKOW-TV in Madison.[2] Programs broadcast by the network included Homemaker's Holiday, a quiz show hosted by Charlie Hanson; Good Housekeeping, hosted by Trudy Beilfuss titled after the Hearst magazine of the same name; and Pretzel Party, a variety program originally hosted by Larry Clark. All three programs originated from WISN-TV's studios. During March 1958, the network also aired Senate Investigation Committee hearings during late-night hours. The network ceased operations on August 8, 1958.[2] WISN-TV and WISN radio would gain an FM radio sister when Hearst signed on WISN-FM (97.3, now WRNW) in 1961.

Switch to CBSEdit

In 1961, CBS decided to affiliate with WISN-TV, as its sister radio station had been a longtime affiliate of the CBS Radio Network. As a result, Storer Broadcasting-owned WITI-TV (channel 6) and WISN swapped networks: channel 12 switched its affiliation to CBS and channel 6 became an ABC affiliate on April 2, 1961.[3] The final ABC network program to air on WISN before it joined CBS was an edition of the Fight of the Week with boxers Benny Paret and Emile Griffith; it ran the evening before the switch at 9:00 p.m. Central Time.[4]

During channel 12's time with CBS, it served as the default home station for the NFL's Green Bay Packers for the Milwaukee market, and airing the team's first two Super Bowl appearances (also the first two Super Bowl games in NFL history); it was succeeded and preceded in this stead by WITI.

Hearst sold the Milwaukee Sentinel to Journal Publishing (the publishers of the Milwaukee Journal) in 1962, retaining WISN-TV and WISN radio. The Journal also competed with the Sentinel (both of which were eventually consolidated into the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel in 1995) in broadcasting as owners of WTMJ radio (620 AM) and WTMJ-TV (channel 4), which Journal operated until April 1, 2015, when Journal and E. W. Scripps Company merged and split their assets into the broadcast-specific Scripps company, and publishing operations into the short-lived Journal Media Group, which merged only a year later into Gannett.

WISN-TV's main logo since the switch to ABC was announced in 1976, used solely for news imaging from 2006 to 2012. It returned into use as the main logo on all programming on September 17, 2012, paired with the WISN calls to the left in Hearst's trademark Bank Gothic font, which has been used by the station since 1994 for various elements. The ABC circle logo is added to the station-generated bug for syndicated programming.
WISN's 'contemporary 12' logo, used from 2006 as the station ID at the start of its newscasts, entertainment programming, and as the logo bug used during ABC network programs. Slowly fading from use after the station's September 2012 re-imaging.

Second tenure with ABCEdit

On September 26, 1976, CBS announced it was moving its Milwaukee affiliation back to WITI-TV.[5] Storer Broadcasting had much better relations with CBS than it reportedly had with ABC; weeks earlier, ABC opted to drop Storer's San Diego station KCST-TV from the network after a four-year dispute stemming from KCST's successful battle to strip that market's ABC affiliation from XETV-TV in nearby Tijuana, Mexico. Meanwhile, ABC had become the top-rated television network in the United States, thanks in large part to two Milwaukee-set sitcoms: Happy Days and Laverne & Shirley. WISN-TV and ABC agreed to a new affiliation contract about a month later;[6] the two stations swapped networks once again on March 27, 1977; the final CBS program to air on channel 12 was an episode of The Carol Burnett Show with guest Ken Berry, which aired at 9:00 p.m. Central Time on the night before the station rejoined ABC (the station also aired the United Cerebral Palsy Telethon ahead of its return to ABC at 6:00 p.m. that Sunday evening).[7] WISN even used Happy Days star Henry Winkler (in character as Arthur "Fonzie" Fonzarelli) to herald its return to ABC with the slogan "Happy Days are Here Again" in on-air and print campaigns leading up to the switch. To this day, WISN-TV has been one of ABC's most successful affiliates, and bills itself as such in its own promotions.

Around the same time, the station was the first which utilized newscast composer Frank Gari's "Hello News" package, which included an imaging song individualized to each market's city; in this case "Hello Milwaukee", which remains well-remembered and remains used in various ways by WISN-TV to the present day, and was cited as one of the factors in driving viewers to the station in the late 1970s and allowing it to be competitive.[8]

For most of its years with ABC, the station did not include the network's logo next to theirs, branding solely with the channel number and/or call letters vocally and visually (outside of network-created radio promos which listed the station as "12 ABC") until 2012, when the network began to contractually require the ABC logo be included with any affiliate's logo redesign. In November 2014, the station unveiled their current logo with the call letters beneath the long-used "12" logo form and the ABC logo on the right side of the "12" number mark, the first with the ABC logo blended in for all uses, including for news and entertainment programming, and ending a long run where the station's call letters were rendered in Bank Gothic font. Vocally, the station remains "WISN 12". The station is among the few in the nation which has their logo in a transparent bug at all times, including ABC network and news programming, though not during commercial breaks or paid programming.

Channel 12 was the first commercial station in the market to produce a high-definition broadcast, airing the Summerfest "Big Bang" fireworks show in HD on June 29, 2006.[9] Milwaukee Public Television assisted WISN-TV in the production of the broadcast, and have continued to do so each year since, with additional help from sister stations in Sacramento and Boston in later years.

Hearst sold WISN radio and what by then became WLTQ to Clear Channel Communications in 1997, and the third floor WLTQ/WISN radio studios were vacated in 2000 after their move to the expanded WOKY facility in Greenfield. All ties between WISN-TV and its former sister radio stations were severed when a longtime agreement with channel 12 to provide forecasts for WISN (AM) and the then-WQBW (now WRNW) and four others within Clear Channel's Milwaukee radio cluster ended on July 27, 2009 (though WRNW continues to transmit from WISN-TV's tower), as WITI began its own weather/news content agreement with the stations.[10] WISN-TV then began a news content agreement with Saga Communications for its five area radio stations (WKLH, WHQG, WJMR-FM, WJYI and WNRG-FM).[11] Due to the now separate ownership of the two stations, WISN-TV's news staff disclaim both on-air and through their social networking channels that the station has no connections with WISN radio's conservative talk format other than sharing the same call letters, a point of contention and confusion during events such as live shots at the Wisconsin State Capitol for the 2011 state budget debate.[12]

In February 2014, the station added an SAP audio channel, allowing the station to carry ABC programming featuring audio description or a Spanish-language dub, and complying with the FCC's requirements to offer audio description.

Summer 2012 Time Warner Cable carriage disputeEdit

As Hearst and Time Warner Cable entered into a retransmission consent dispute that resulted in Hearst's stations being removed from TWC's systems in certain markets on July 10, 2012, WISN was not immediately removed from its Milwaukee area systems in an eleventh hour announcement, as the direct fiber connection between WISN and TWC is also provided by the cable provider to Charter Communications (which serves outer portions of the market such as western Waukesha County and most of Washington, Fond du Lac and Sheboygan Counties) under a side agreement between the providers which TWC and Hearst were contractually obligated to honor.[13] It was the only Hearst station to remain on TWC during the dispute, but with both Start Over video on demand and the ability to record station programming to TWC DVRs completely removed.[14] Charter then tried to pursue a different method of transmitting WISN's signal to remove itself as an intermediary from the dispute,[15] and was able to make the arrangements by July 12,[16] allowing WISN's removal from Time Warner Cable one day later, with WISN's SD and HD channel slots replaced with Hallmark Movie Channel. The dispute was resolved on July 19, returning the station to TWC's systems that evening.

Digital televisionEdit

Digital channelsEdit

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[17]
12.1 1080i 16:9 WISN-TV Main WISN-TV programming / ABC
12.2 480i WISN-SD Justice Network

Analog-to-digital conversionEdit

WISN-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 12, at 8:30 a.m. on June 12, 2009 (the transition was led by a retrospective on the station's history narrated by former longtime anchor Jerry Taff, followed by a still of digital transition information that remained until noon, when its analog transmitter was permanently shut down). The station's digital signal continued to broadcasts on its pre-transition UHF channel 34.[18][19] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 12. The channel 12 frequency was subsequently used as the post-transition digital signal of WBBM-TV in Chicago.

On May 17, 2010, WISN-TV filed an application to upgrade its digital transmitter's power to 1 megawatt, mainly to place the station's digital antenna at the taller height of the dormant analog antenna, which would be replaced by a new digital unit.[20] The analog antenna was removed in September 2010, and the digital antenna was activated from the new placement in early October 2010.

News operationEdit

WISN-TV presently broadcasts 34 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with five hours each weekday and 4½ hours each on Saturdays and Sundays); WISN is one of the few Hearst-owned stations that carries an hour-long midday newscast. The station utilizes two weather radars as part of its "Doppler 12 Radar Network", using radar sites based at the National Weather Service forecast office in Sullivan, and atop Froedtert's Community Memorial Hospital in Menomonee Falls, which is operated by the station.

Longtime anchor Jerry Taff retired in May 2005, as WISN's newscasts began to climb in the ratings. Its success stems from hiring popular local anchors and reporters released from other stations, a stronger ABC schedule, and a period of change at rival WTMJ-TV due to NBC's weaker ratings and changes in its newsroom staff. The station's biggest hire came when longtime WTMJ anchor Mike Gousha joined channel 12 in 2007, a year after he retired as WTMJ's evening news anchor in order to focus on his new position as a distinguished fellow in law and public policy at Marquette University.[21] Gousha served as a political analyst for WISN, and hosted the Sunday morning program UpFront with Mike Gousha, which is a mix of the interview segments familiar to viewers of his former WTMJ program Sunday Night, and local political analysis.[22] Hearst syndicated the show to other stations statewide, and in August 2010 all of the stations involved (along with Milwaukee Public Television, which provided technical assistance with HD production) broadcast a Gousha-moderated forum for the Wisconsin Republican gubernatorial candidates called the UpFront Town Hall Challenge from Marquette's new law building, which was purposefully structured to avoid classification as a traditional debate where either candidate could use the format to "sell" themselves. The format was repeated in October 2010 between the Democratic and Republican nominees for governor and U.S. Senate.

WISN has gradually expanded its newscast schedule since 2007, and is unusual in programming hour-long newscasts, starting that year with a Sunday at 10 p.m. broadcast and for a time, an hour-long Saturday 6 p.m. newscast (the 6:30 p.m. half-hour currently features either On the Money or 12 Sports Saturday). On July 30, 2010, WISN, like most of its ABC-affiliated sister stations under Hearst did on that date, added a one-hour extension of its weekend morning newscast from 8 to 9 a.m. On September 6, 2010, WISN expanded its weekday morning newscast a half-hour early to 4:30 a.m., extending the program to ​2 12 hours.[23]

On April 21, 2009, the station began using full-time pillarboxing with the station logo and callsign on the respective sides of the screen for newscasts and other standard definition programming.[24] Afterwards, the station began to slowly implement 16:9 graphical elements; in March 2010, WISN-TV unveiled 16:9-optimized weather alert graphics to allow programs to continue to be shown in HD rather than force a downscale to a modified 4:3 mode in which the program was displayed in 3:3 (to much viewer complaint over the years, especially with ABC primetime programming), with the weather warnings taking up the remainder of the screen. News tickers and logo bugs were also later upgraded; the only HD news segments until late June 2011 aired on its newscasts the day of the Summerfest "Big Bang" fireworks show, usually scenic and human interest pieces, along with Milwaukee Public Television co-productions. On October 10, 2010, the station began broadcasting its newscasts in 16:9 widescreen standard definition, with the pillarboxes being removed. Then on June 28, 2011, WISN-TV became the third station in Milwaukee (behind WTMJ-TV and WITI) to begin broadcasting its newscasts in high definition. Footage shot in-studio is broadcast in HD, while all news video from on-remote locations was initially upconverted to widescreen standard definition for broadcast. Since 2012, the station has upgraded its mobile units and field cameras to HD as equipment has needed replacement. In May 2013, the station unveiled its first HD skycam, overlooking the downtown Cathedral Square Park.

On January 24, 2011, WISN-TV expanded its 10 p.m. newscast to one hour (becoming the third Hearst-owned station with an hour-long late local newscast, along with Albuquerque's KOAT and Honolulu's KITV).[25] This bumped Access Hollywood from its longtime 10:30 p.m. slot to 12:30 a.m., resulting in NBCUniversal Television Distribution asking for an opt-out from the program's syndication contract with WISN to move Access, ending up on WTMJ at 6:30 p.m. on April 11, 2011[26] (Access aired at 1:37 a.m. from January 2013 until September 2014 due to WTMJ's January 2013 relaunch of its 6:30 p.m. newscast as the newsmagazine Wisconsin Tonight; it now airs on WITI in late night at 4:00 a.m.).

On September 10, 2018, the station added an hour-long 11 a.m. local newscast leading into GMA Day (now Strahan and Sara), which coincided with the station introducing a next generation news set, replacing one utilized since October 2001 with multiple re-facings and equipment replacements in the interim.[27] On January 14, 2019, the station reduced its 10 p.m. newscast to the standard 35 minutes (likely due to its current ABC affiliation agreement), allowing WISN-TV to carry the ABC late night lineup "live" and in pattern for the first time in the station's history. The station began to air a nightly half-hour 9 p.m. newscast on WISN-DT2 on April 1, 2019 entitled WISN 12 News at 9 on Justice, joining WITI and WMLW-TV (via WDJT) in carrying news at that time. It joined with many of its fellow Hearst stations in programming a primetime newscast on their .2 subchannels, which are usually associated with MeTV.[28] On days where Justice has an hour-long program in the news timeslots, alternate programming like Upfront and Matter of Fact is re-aired in the latter half to fill the entire hour. The newscast also features a "Working for Justice" segment where a crime or public safety story is highlighted in order to naturally tie into its network's format.

Notable former on-air staffEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hearst acquires WTVW (TV) Milwaukee; NBC buys WKNB-TV New Britain, Conn." Broadcasting - Telecasting, January 10, 1955, pg. 7. [1][permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Golembiewski, Dick (2008). Milwaukee Television History: The Analog Years. Marquette University Press. pp. 213–270. ISBN 0-87462-055-4.
  3. ^ "Milwaukee stations to switch networks." Broadcasting, January 30, 1961, pg. 9. [2][permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Today's Television Picture". The Milwaukee Journal. April 1, 1961.
  5. ^ "In Brief." Broadcasting, September 27, 1976, pg. 28. [3][permanent dead link] (the text incorrectly states that WISN-TV had been a CBS affiliate since 1954, omitting the 1961 affiliation switch.)
  6. ^ "Milwaukee connection." Broadcasting, October 18, 1976, pg. 36[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "TV Today". The Milwaukee Sentinel. March 26, 1977.
  8. ^ Dudek, Duane (March 21, 2014). "Hello again, Milwaukee: The little TV jingle that will not die". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 20, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Accord puts Channel 6 weather, news on Clear Channel radio stations Archived July 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, July 24, 2009.
  11. ^ Foxx tells 'Idol' contestants 'the real deal', Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, July 29, 2009.
  12. ^ Veteran WISN Reporter Nick Bohr Heckled by Protestors in Madison, TVSpy, February 22, 2011.
  13. ^ Kirchen, Rich (July 10, 2012). "Channel 12 stays on Time Warner Cable – for now". The (Greater Milwaukee) Business Journal. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  14. ^ Dudek, Duane (July 10, 2012). "Battles between cable systems, broadcasters alienating viewers". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  15. ^ Dudek, Duane (July 11, 2012). "WISN-TV disputes Time Warner's 'blackout' assertions". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  16. ^ Dudek, Duane (July 12, 2012). "WISN-TV off Time Warner Cable midnight Thursday". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  17. ^ "RabbitEars.Info". www.rabbitears.info. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
  18. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  19. ^ CDBS Print<! – Bot generated title – >
  20. ^ Staff, FCC Internet Services. "Application View ... Redirecting". licensing.fcc.gov. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
  21. ^ "Michael R. Gousha - Distinguished Fellow in Law and Public Policy". Archived from the original on November 2, 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
  22. ^ "UpFront with Mike Gousha". Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
  23. ^ http://www.tvnewscheck.com/link/2010/08/31/44873/wisn-expands-am-newscast-to-430[permanent dead link]
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ WISN-TV expands 10 p.m. news to one hour, Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, December 14, 2010. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
  26. ^ OnMedia: Channel 4 drops its 6:30 news, OnMilwaukee.com, March 24, 2011.
  27. ^ Foran, Chris (August 9, 2018). "WISN-TV (Channel 12) is adding an hourlong 11 a.m. newscast". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
  28. ^ Foran, Chris (January 10, 2019). "WISN-TV trimming its 10 p.m. newscast to 35 minutes, adding 9 p.m. news on Channel 12.2". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  29. ^ "John Coleman bio". KUSI-TV. Archived from the original on April 4, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  30. ^ "Ben Tracy biography". CBS News. Retrieved September 26, 2013.

External linksEdit