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Summerfest is an annual music festival held at the 75-acre (30-hectare) Henry Maier Festival Park along the lakefront in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The festival lasts for 11 days, is made up of 11 stages with performances from over 800 acts and over 1000 performances. Since the mid-1970s, it has run from late June through early July, usually including the 4th of July holiday.[1] Summerfest attracts between 800,000 and 900,000 people each year, promoting itself as "The World's Largest Music Festival", a title certified by the Guinness World Records since 1999.[2][3]

Summerfest
Milwaukee Summerfest logo.gif
Genre Eclectic - From Alternative to Zydeco: Alternative, Americana, Bluegrass, Blues, Contemporary, Country, Electronic, Folk, Funk, Gospel, Hard rock, Metal, Hip hop, Indie, Jam Band, Jazz, Pop, R&B, Reggae, Rock
Dates 11 days (Starts last Wednesday in June annually)
Location(s) Henry Maier Festival Park
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Years active 1968–present
Attendance 800,000-900,000
Website
www.summerfest.com

Summerfest is operated by a non-profit board that hires the production staff to operate both the venue and main Summerfest event, which features local and nationally known music talent from a variety of music genres. The event also provides the opportunity to sample a wide variety of food from many Milwaukee-area restaurants. Other Summerfest attractions include comedy acts, shopping vendors, fireworks (including "The Big Bang" on opening night), other special attractions, family activities, and more.[citation needed]

Performing and Recording Artists make personal appearances on 11 sponsor-themed stages throughout the grounds from noon to midnight, including the 23,000-capacity American Family Insurance Amphitheater.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Summerfest was conceived in the 1960s by then-mayor Henry W. Maier. Inspired by his visit to Oktoberfest in Munich, Germany, Maier envisioned a similar ethnic-themed festival in Milwaukee, and in 1962 formed a panel of business and civic leaders to study the feasibility of a large-scale summer festival. By the middle of the decade, the panel drew up a proposal for a 10-day multi-event festival with the proposed name of "Milwaukee World Festival," which was changed briefly in 1966 to "Juli Spaß" (German for "July Fun") and then to "Summerfest".[citation needed]

The inaugural Summerfest was held in July 1968 at 35 different locations throughout the city (including Milwaukee County Stadium and Milwaukee Arena), and its events ranged from concerts to a film festival, an air show, and even a pageant. The first Summerfest, produced by Dee Robb and Con Merten was regarded as a success; the second event in 1969, was less successful, as it was plagued by additional venues, inclement weather, and severe financial debt.

In 1970, a permanent central location was decided upon, and Summerfest moved to a former Nike missile site on the lakefront, where it continues to be held to this day. Also that year, Summerfest introduced its red "smiley face" logo, an insignia that has become synonymous with the event. The logo was designed by local graphic artists Noel Spangler and Richard D. Grant.[5]

It was also in 1970 that Henry Jordan, former Green Bay Packers defensive tackle, became executive director of Summerfest, a title he held during the event's early years until his death in 1977. After a few other businessmen were hired by the board for the executive director's job, Elizabeth "Bo" Black,[6] who was formerly Henry Jordan's secretary, became executive director in 1984 after a ten-year lobbying effort.

Summerfest celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2007. The event's history was the subject of "Summerfest Stories", a documentary that aired in June 2007 on Milwaukee Public Television.[7]

In 2015, Milwaukee World Festival, Inc and ReverbNation announced a three-year agreement to use the online service as an audition to give musicians a chance to perform. Summerfest wanted to provide an opportunity for performers to get a chance to be one of the 800+ acts and allow new talent to be seen by over 900,000 people that attend.

Attendance

2014Edit

In 2014, Summerfest managed to draw and host 851,879 patrons, an increase of 1.4% over 2013’s 840,356 attendance, overcoming unseasonable weather challenges, including fog, intermittent rain and cool temperatures, along with significant highway and road construction projects in the immediate area. Food and beverage sales at the event increased by 6% over last year’s totals in the same categories. Summerfest employed nearly 2,200 seasonal employees. Festival fans sampled over 45 diverse food and beverage vendors, which resulted in the consumption of 66,011 burgers, 20,799 brats, 17,842 eggplant strips, 96,344 mozzarella sticks, 38,202 ears of corn, 181,758 mini donuts and 33,728 ice cream cones.[8]

2015Edit

Summerfest 2015 attracted 772,652 people, a 9.3% decline in attendance attributed to the combined Zoo Interchange and north-south portion of I-94's construction projects, along with cooler weather and a three-day strike against the Milwaukee County Transit System by the union representing bus drivers. An additional 23,000 fans attended the Rolling Stones' Summerfest kickoff June 23, the day before the festival began.[9]

2016Edit

Summerfest 2016 attendance numbers were up by 4.1% compared to the previous year. In 2016, 804,116 people attended Summerfest. High attendance was partly attributed to a performance by Paul McCartney and good weather.[10]

2017Edit

Summerfest attendance hit 831,769 people in 2017, according to results released by Milwaukee World Festival Inc. The attendance figure represented a 3.4% boost from 2016. Nearly 115,935 people — entered the grounds through free daily admission promotion offers.It marks two years of consecutive attendance growth for Summerfest, despite heavy rain on opening day of the 2017 festival.[11]

StagesEdit

American Family Insurance AmphitheaterEdit

The American Family Insurance Amphitheater is an amphitheater on the south end of the Summerfest grounds. Previously known as the "Marcus Amphitheater", it was built after an extremely overcrowded concert in 1984 to carry crowds of 25,000 fans during concerts. It was completed in 1987, with the principal contribution from the Marcus Corporation.[12]

A new American Family Insurance Amphitheater is scheduled for construction in 2019.[13]

Uline WarehouseEdit

Located on the north end of the grounds, the Uline Warehouse can accommodate approximately 5,000 - 6,000 and hosts a mix of acts from various genres including classic rock, country, hard rock, blues, and jam.

U.S. Cellular ConnectionEdit

The U.S. Cellular Connection Stage features primarily country and pop music. iHeartMedia, including FM 106.1, is the media partner of the stage.

Johnson Controls World Sound StageEdit

The Johnson Controls World Sound Stage lineup hosts a mix of acts spanning genres including R&B, blues, world beat, and soul.

Miller Lite OasisEdit

The Miller Lite Oasis stage, completed in 2006, is the largest stage inside the Summerfest grounds that is accessible without having to pay extra for the American Family Insurance Amphitheatre headliner. A renovation of the Miller Lite Oasis stage has completed for Summerfest 2017. Additions to the stage footprint include the "longest bar on the grounds", fresh hops growing alongside the stage, a second VIP deck and handicap accessibility near the front of the stage. Citation

Harley-Davidson RoadhouseEdit

Harley-Davidson teamed up with Summerfest to completely renovate their stage and area footprint for the 2008 festival season. The renovation improved sight lines, sound and lighting, while also increasing the area's capacity and providing for improved traffic flow in and around the stage area. Upgrades included large video screens for image magnification of performances and a comfortable seating area at the lakefront.[14]

Briggs & Stratton Big BackyardEdit

In 2011, a renovated Briggs & Stratton Big Backyard stage opened.[15][16] Its capacity ranges from 6,000 to 8,000.[17]

BMO Harris PavilionEdit

In 2012, the BMO Harris Pavilion finished construction. The new pavilion and stage, designed by Eppstein Uhen Architects, features a swooshing wave-like roof and replaces the temporary Classic Rock Stage on the south end of the grounds. It is the main project of phase two of Summerfest's two-year, US$35,000,000 redevelopment project.

The pavilion features a 10,000-person capacity, including 5,000 seats. A 17-by-10-foot video screen has been added to enhance viewing for standing-room-only patrons. Additional amenities include a lakeside sit-down restaurant and a "club bar" – with room for 200 patrons and a commanding view of the stage – open to the public during unsold time periods. Plans are also in the works to book concerts at the pavilion outside of Summerfest.[18] There have been complaints that this is now the first ticketed venue in what was a completely general admission festival since the beginning of Summerfest in 1968, besides American Family Insurance Amphitheater.[19]

KNE New Music StageEdit

The KNE New Music Stage, sponsored by K-Nation Entertainment, is located on the north end of the park near the U.S. Cellular Connection Stage. Featuring local and regional acts, this is the smallest of the stages, save for Tiki Hut and Refugee (listed below). The stage was previously co-sponsored by Cascio Interstate Music through 2013, and has since fallen under scrutiny for straying from purely local talent.[20]

Tiki HutEdit

The Tiki Hut is a small lakefront stage that often features local but talented acts, with genres ranging from acoustic to electronic funk. The area often serves as an oasis for concertgoers looking to get away from the crowds and heat from the larger stages. Unlike most other stages, a single band may perform more than one act per day for a block of three to four days, which aids in developing a local following. The performers on this, and many of the smaller stages usually work for tips, as they are not paid to be there. Two current mainstays and crowd favorites of the Tiki Hut are Roster McCabe, a high-energy Minneapolis-based rock/rap/reggae/funk/electronic fusion group and acoustic guitarist Dan Rodriguez.

The Rebel StageEdit

The Rebel Stage celebrates their 10th year in 2017, and continues to feature a wide variety of original music crossing many genres. The Rebel Stage is located on the Lake Walk of the festival grounds, just south of the "Hole-In-One" golf challenge. As a DIY stage founded by musicians, The Rebel Stage never fails to offer a relaxed vibe, perfectly complimenting people's experience while they enjoy new original music. More information can be found at their website www.therebelstage.com.

Concert history year by yearEdit

Summerfest has been most famous for its music, ever since the first festival in 1968, when acts such as Ronnie Dove, The New Colony Six, The Robbs and Up With People performed. Since then, musical acts from Bob Dylan, The Jonas Brothers, Maroon 5, Fun, Britney Spears, Tina Turner, and James Taylor to Christina Aguilera, Kanye West, Kid Cudi, Mary J. Blige, Wiz Khalifa, Imagine Dragons, and Nine Inch Nails have graced the Summerfest stages. Acts with Milwaukee and Wisconsin connections have had a prominent history at Summerfest, most notably the BoDeans, The Gufs, Danny Gokey, and Violent Femmes.[citation needed]

The concerts have been mostly civil events, with two notable exceptions. In 1970, a performance by the late-arriving Sly & the Family Stone nearly resulted in a riot. In 1973, a performance by Humble Pie & Jo Jo Gunne resulted in a riot, a bonfire, and about 300 arrests. As a result of the latter concert, organizers shied away from rock bands for several years, and established guidelines for "family-friendly" acts and a ban on alcohol brought in by patrons. This was properly managed when Henry Jordan found the experienced booking staff to manage entertainment in-house, eliminating Cleveland's Jules Belkin Promotions, who were hired by Board Members Bernie Samson and Steve Marcus. Also at that time local manager Lou Volpano was hired to improve production, and book international superstars on what was a mere Local Rock Stage, where then the Ramones, UFO, and Judas Priest headlined [21]

Live comedy acts have also been a part of Summerfest's history, even before a regular "Comedy Showcase" was first established in 1975. Bob Hope was the main headliner at Summerfest 1969, performing two shows at Milwaukee County Stadium. George Carlin (opening for Arlo Guthrie) performed his "Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television" routine at the 1972 event (and was subsequently arrested for violating obscenity laws). Prior to his arrest, he discarded a bag of cocaine to avoid further imprisonment.[22]

Since 1975, comedy acts ranging from David Brenner and Henny Youngman to Jay Leno and Jon Stewart have performed at the event. Sandra Bernhard did TV and radio promos for its 1986 season when she was a performer there. Lewis Black has become a frequent performer at Summerfest, making near-annual performances since his first appearance in 1991.[23]

2015Edit

For 2015, Linkin Park, Keith Urban, Ed Sheeran, Florida Georgia Line, Zac Brown Band , Kings of Leon, Kendrick Lamar, The Rolling Stones, Stevie Wonder, Neil Young, Carrie Underwood, and The Avett Brothers performed as headliners.[24]

The Rolling Stones performed its first Milwaukee concert in 10 years, June 23 at the Marcus Amphitheater on the Summerfest grounds, as part of a summer run being dubbed the "Zip Code" tour. The band invited a 26-member vocal ensemble from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, that was featured during the concert. June 23 is technically the day before Summerfest's opening night, but the Big Gig[clarification needed] promoted the Stones concert as "The Ultimate Kick-Off to Summerfest." [25]

On April 20, 2015 it was announced Stevie Wonder would fill the June 27 headlining spot at the festival, his first Milwaukee concert since 2009.

The 2015 Summerfest ground stage headliners were announced on March 24 by Billboard. They include Aloe Blacc, The Doobie Brothers, Sammy Haggar, Pat Benatar, Whitesnake, Third Eye Blind, Weird Al, and others.[24][26]

2016Edit

Selena Gomez opened the festival on June 29. Pitbull took the stage on June 30. Country singer Blake Shelton headlines on July 1, Chris Stapleton on July 2, Tim McGraw on July 3, Blink-182 on July 5, Def Leppard and REO Speedwagon on July 6, Luke Bryan on July 7, Paul McCartney on July 8, Weezer and Panic! at the Disco July 9, and Sting and Peter Gabriel on July 10.[27]

The 2016 ground stages included Willie Nelson, Rise Against, Hollywood Vampires, Hunter Hayes, Jason Derulo, Gavin Degraw, Nelly, The Fray, Barenaked Ladies, Billy Idol, Joan Jett, Weird Al, Violent Femmes, Timeflies, Cheap Trick, Bodeans, Skillet, OAR, Styx, and Blue Öyster Cult.[28]

2017Edit

Performers in 2017 included: Red Hot Chili Peppers,[29] Luke Bryan, Brothers Osborne,[29] Paul Simon, Zac Brown Band,[29] P!nk,[29] The Chainsmokers,[29] Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers, Chris Stapleton,[29] Dierks Bentley, Jon Pardi, Cole Swindell, Future, Big Sean, Migos, Willie Nelson, Bob Dylan, Sheryl Crow, Margo Price, Promise of the Real, Steve Miller Band,[30] A Day to Remember, Atmosphere, Walk the Moon, Shinedown, Andy Grammar, Third Eye Blind, The Band Perry, Philip Phillips, Collective Soul, Blues Traveler, Spin Doctors, Tonic, Soul Asylum, Los Lonely Boys,[29] Peter Frampton, Huey Lewis & the News, Toto, REO Speedwagon, and John Waite.[29]

Opening headlinersEdit

WinterfestEdit

 
1997-1998 web banner for Winterfest

Beginning in the winter of 1989-1990, Summerfest organizers staged a colder (in the literal sense) version of Summerfest, known as Winterfest. Rather than being chiefly set at Henry Maier Festival Park, the event took inspiration from Summerfest's early days and spread its music, comedy, and other events throughout several downtown Milwaukee locations, the central spot being an ice skating rink near Cathedral Square. Due largely to undesirable Milwaukee winters, Winterfest was never as profitable as its older summer counterpart, and ceased operations after the 1997-98 event.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Home | Summerfest, The World's Largest Music Festival". Summerfest.com. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 
  2. ^ "OnMilwaukee.com :". OnMilwaukee.com. 
  3. ^ [1] Archived June 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ [2] Archived May 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Stingl, Jim. "The man behind Summerfest's big, fat smile logo". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  6. ^ Garza, Jesse. "Black undergoes surgery after stroke". jsonline.com. 
  7. ^ "News & Events | Milwaukee Public Television". mptv.org. Archived from the original on July 3, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Summerfest's Attendance Was Up A Bit This Year". expressmilwaukee.com. 
  9. ^ Foran, Chris (2015-07-07). "Summerfest 2015 - Summerfest attendance down 9.3%; weather, bus strike, road woes blamed". Jsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 
  10. ^ Green, Christie (July 14, 2016). "Summerfest Releases Its Attendance Numbers". CBS 58. 
  11. ^ http://www.cbs58.com/news/831-769-attend-summerfest-50
  12. ^ "Marcus Amphitheatre". Marcus Amphitheatre. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  13. ^ Shafer, Dan (10 March 2017). "Summerfest performs its own role in downtown transformation". Milwaukee Business Journal. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  14. ^ [3] Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "OnMilwaukee.com Music: Briggs & Stratton re-ups with Summerfest for 10 years". OnMilwaukee.com. 
  16. ^ [4]
  17. ^ "Summerfest - The World's Largest Music Festival". Summerfest - The World's Largest Music Festival. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  18. ^ "OnMilwaukee.com Milwaukee Buzz: First look: Summerfest's BMO Harris Pavilion". OnMilwaukee.com. 
  19. ^ Jackie Loohauis-Bennett. "Summerfest 2012 - Reserved Summerfest seating at BMO Harris draws mixed reviews". jsonline.com. 
  20. ^ "K-Nation takes Summerfest sponsorship to a horrible level". Milwaukee Record. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  21. ^ "Summerfest: Gig has had many high notes". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Journal Interactive. 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2010-08-10. Summerfest is all things to all ears - or at least, it tries to be. Of the major American music festivals, none paints with as broad a brush. 
  22. ^ Jon M. Gilbertson. "The Fray, OK Go and Mae - Fray stays in background but pumps out big sound". jsonline.com. 
  23. ^ Levy, Piet. "Lewis Black on the Summerfest Marcus Amphitheater comedy show that never happened (but may some day still come to be)". jsonline.com. 
  24. ^ a b c "Home - Summerfest, The World's Largest Music Festival". Summerfest - The World's Largest Music Festival. 
  25. ^ Levy, Piet. "Rolling Stones - Summerfest will kick off with Rolling Stones show June 23". jsonline.com. 
  26. ^ "Summerfest 2015 Announces Grounds Stage Headliners: Kaskade, Bastille, the Flaming Lips, Sheryl Crow, More (Exclusive)". Billboard. 
  27. ^ "Home | Summerfest, The World's Largest Music Festival". Summerfest.com. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 
  28. ^ "2016 Lineup - Summerfest, The World's Largest Music Festival". Summerfest.com. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h http://summerfest.com/2017-lineup/
  30. ^ http://www.tmj4.com/news/local-news/steve-miller-band-to-headline-summerfests-bmo-harris-pavilion
  31. ^ http://www.mu.edu/cgi-bin/cuap/db.cgi?uid=default&ID=5663&view=Search&mh=1
  32. ^ "Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers to Headline Marcus Amphitheater During Summerfest '08". Summerfest.com. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  33. ^ "Bon Jovi to Headline Marcus Amphitheater During Summerfest 2009". Summerfest.com. Retrieved 2011-06-10. 
  34. ^ "Tim McGraw to Headline Marcus Amphitheater During Summerfest 2010". Summerfest.com. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  35. ^ "Peter Gabriel to Headline Marcus Amphitheater During Summerfest 2011". Summerfest.com. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  36. ^ "Marcus Amphitheater Headliners". Milwaukee, WI: Summerfest 2012. 2012-06-27. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  37. ^ "Summerfest announces 2014 lineup". Milwaukee, WI: USA Today. 2014-06-25. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  38. ^ Levy, Piet. "Summerfest 2015 - Florida Georgia Line playing Summerfest's opening night June 24". jsonline.com. 
  39. ^ "Home | Summerfest, The World's Largest Music Festival". Summerfest.com. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 

External linksEdit