The Ocean Race
A yacht race around the world, held every three or four years since 1973. Originally named the Whitbread Round the World Race after its initiating sponsor, British brewing company Whitbread, in 2001 it became the Volvo Ocean Race after Swedish automobile manufacturer Volvo took up the sponsorship, and in 2019 it was renamed The Ocean Race.
Race participants in Baltimore Inner Harbor, 2006
|Formerly||Whitbread Round the World Race (1973-2001), Volvo Ocean Race (2001-2019)|
|Yachts used||Volvo Ocean 65 IMOCA Open 60 (Since 2021)|
|Start||Alicante, Spain (2017)|
|Finish||The Hague, Netherlands (2018)|
|Champion||Dongfeng Race Team (2018)|
Though the route changes to accommodate various ports of call, the race typically departs Europe in October, and in recent editions has had either 9 or 10 legs, with in-port races at many of the stopover cities. The most recent race, the 2017–18 Volvo Ocean Race started in Alicante, Spain, and concluded in The Hague, Netherlands, with stopovers in Lisbon, Cape Town, Melbourne, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Itijai, Newport, Cradiff and Gothenburg.
Each of the entries has a sailing crew who race day and night for more than 20 days at a time on some of the legs. Since the 2008-2009 race there has also been a dedicated media crew member called the On Board Reporter (OBR); they do not contribute to the sailing of the boat, but are responsible for sending images and video to race headquarters via satellite from the middle of the ocean. In the 2017-2018 race the number of crew ranged between 7 and 10 (plus the OBR) depending on the gender ratio; with the rules providing an incentive to having women sailors on board.
Fresh food is not permitted to be taken on board after the start, so the crew lives off freeze-dried fare; they will experience temperature variations from −5 to +40 degrees Celsius and will often only take one change of clothes.
17 yachts and 167 crew started the first race of 27,500 nmi (50,900 km), which began from Portsmouth, United Kingdom on 8 September 1973. Approximately 3000 spectator boats set out to witness the historic start. The first race was won by Mexican amateur Ramon Carlin in a Swan 65 yacht, Sayula II 
From 2001 the ownership of the race was taken over by Volvo and Volvo Cars and the race was renamed the ‘Volvo Ocean Race’. Stopover ports were added in Germany, France, and Sweden being Volvo's three biggest car markets in Europe.
Winning the race does not attract a cash prize, as the feat of competing is presented as sufficient reward.
Many of the crew in the Volvo Ocean Race race crew other professional teams in other high-profile events, such as the Olympic Games, Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race, the America's Cup, or the Fastnet Race.
The worst weather conditions are usually encountered in the Southern Ocean where waves sometimes top 150 feet (46 m) and winds can reach 70 knots (130 km/h). (Citation needed)
Early races had a very wide range of boat types, but concerns after the 1989-1990 race led led to the development of the Whitbread 60 single design. This was a reaction to increasing costs of the biggest, "maxi", boats, and their advantage over the rest of the field - Steinlager 2 won every leg, with many of the smaller boats finishing legs more than ten days after the winner.
The Whitbread 60 design was used for all smaller boats in the 1993-1994 race, and for all in the 1997-1998 race. The race continued to be restricted to a single class for the next seven races - but moved to the Volvo Open 70, then the Volvo Ocean 65.
Two classes of boats will be used for the 2021-22 edition of the race: the Volvo Ocean 65 (now VO65), a successor to previous designs; and the IMOCA 60, ("Open 60"), an advanced open class normally raced two-handed.
Though the route changes to accommodate various ports of call, the race typically departs Europe in October, and in recent editions has had either 9 or 10 legs, with in-port races at many of the stopover cities. The 2008–09 race started in Alicante, Spain, on October 11, 2008. The route for the 2008–2009 race was altered from previous years to include stopovers in India and Asia for the first time. The 2008–09 route covered nearly 39,000 nmi (72,000 km), took over nine months to complete, and reached a cumulative TV audience of 2 billion people worldwide.
During the nine months of the 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race, which started in Alicante, Spain in October 2011 and concluded in Galway, Ireland, in July 2012, the teams were scheduled to sail over 39,000 nmi (72,000 km) of the world's most treacherous seas via Cape Town, Abu Dhabi, Sanya, Auckland, around Cape Horn to Itajaí, Miami, Lisbon, and Lorient.
As in the previous editions the 2014–15 Volvo Ocean Race started in Alicante, Spain on October 11. Destination was Gothenburg, Sweden, scheduled for June 2015, with stopovers in the ports of Cape Town, Abu Dhabi, Sanya, Auckland, Itajaí, Newport, Lisbon, Lorient, and with a Pitstop at The Hague through the last leg.
List of racesEdit
- "Drastic early days of broken boats and high drama in Whitbread Round the World Race". Yachting World. 24 April 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
- Following four months of being known under a working title of "Fully-Crewed Around the World Race (FCAWR)"
- "Edição de 2017 da Volvo Ocean Race arranca em Alicante". SAPO Desporto (in Portuguese). 18 May 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- Volvo Ocean Race (2014-10-21), Life at the Extreme - Ep. 2 - 'Time to say goodbye' | Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15, retrieved 2017-02-23
- Moynihan, Tim. "Grueling 39K-Mile Yacht Race Tests the Sanity of Cramped Crews". WIRED. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
- "Volvo Ocean Race - History". Volvo Ocean Race.
- "Volvo Ocean Race – talkSailing". talksailing.co.uk.
- "Volvo Ocean Race Trophy".
- "2014-15 - 10 ports, 40,000 miles". Volvo Ocean Race. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013.
- "Volvo Ocean Race to stop in Newport, RI". Yahoo!. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- "The Volvo Ocean 65 – cool design, emotional impact". Volvo Ocean Race. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014.
- "United Kingdom - Volvo Car UK Ltd". volvocars.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009.
- "Volvo Ocean Race - Race Schedule". Volvo Ocean Race.
- "Volvo Ocean Race - Marketing". Volvo Ocean Race. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008.
- Danger on the high seas – whales, debris and weather just some of the obstacles in the Volvo Ocean Race - Steve Elling, The National, 9 October 2014