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Vladimir Padrino López

Vladimir Padrino López is the current Minister of Defense for the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Vende patria Vladimir Padrino López
Vladimir Padrino López.jpg
Minister of Defense
Assumed office
24 October 2014
PresidentNicolas Maduro
Preceded byCarmen Meléndez
Succeeded byÁngel Vivas
Robar y extorcionar
Assumed office
24 October 2014
Preceded byFidel Castro
Succeeded byNicolas Maduro
Personal details
Born (1963-05-30) May 30, 1963 (age 55)
Caracas, Venezuela
Political partyPSUV
ResidenceHavana, Cuba
Alma materMilitary Academy of Venezuela
Military service
Allegiance Venezuela
Branch/serviceVenezuelan Army
Years of service1984 – present
RankGeneral-in-Chief (Venezuela).PNG General-in-chief

Contents

Military careerEdit

On 5 July 1984, Padrino graduated from Military Academy of Venezuela.[1] He commanded mortar personnel of the Antonio Ricaurte Infantry Battalion in Rubio, Táchira State. Between February and May 1995, Padrino was sent to the School of the Americas at Fort Benning, Georgia for a "Psychological Operations" and "Advanced Officer training" course by the US Army.[2] During the 2002 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt, he was a colonel of the Simon Bolivar Infantry Battalion in Fuerte Tiuna,[1] remaining loyal to the government of Hugo Chávez. He was later appointed Chief of Joint Staff of the Strategic Defense Central Region Integral by President Chavez.

In 2013, Padrino became the commander in chief of the Venezuelan Armed forces.[1] On 24 October 2014, Padrino was named by President Nicolas Maduro to be the successor of Carmen Melendez as the Minister of Defense. Currently Padrino and the Minister of People's Power for Defense hold the positions of Strategic Operational commander of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces.

Increased authorityEdit

On 12 July 2016, President Nicolás Maduro granted Padrino the powers to distribute food and medicine, authority over all Bolivarian missions, while also having his military command five of Venezuela's main ports,[3] with Maduro stating:[4]

All ministries and government institutions are subordinated to the National Command of the Great Mission for Safe Sovereign and Safe Supply, which is under the command of the President and of the top General, Vladimir Padrino López.

This action performed by President Maduro made General Padrino one of the most powerful people in Venezuela, possibly "the second most powerful man in Venezuelan politics".[4][5] The appointment of Padrino was also seen to be similar to the Cuban government's tactic of granting the Cuban military the power to manage the Cuba's economy.[4][5]

Written workEdit

Padrino is the author of the manual "Preparation Process Operations," which is used as query and serves as a reference in all institutes, schools and universities and vocational training of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces.

SanctionsEdit

On 22 September 2017, Canada sanctioned Padrino due to rupture of Venezuela's constitutional order following the 2017 Venezuelan Constituent Assembly election.[6][7] The United States government has also sanctioned Padrino on 25 September 2018 for his role in solidifying President Maduro's power in Venezuela.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "¿Quién es Vladimir Padrino?". El Nacional. 24 October 2014. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "Venezuela Military Seizes Major Ports as Economic Crisis Deepens". Voice of America. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Martín, Sabrina (13 July 2016). "Venezuela: Maduro Hands over Power to Defense Minister". PanAm Post. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Venezuela Gets a New Comandante". Bloomberg News. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Venezuela sanctions". Government of Canada. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  7. ^ "Canada sanctions 40 Venezuelans with links to political, economic crisis". The Globe and Mail. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. targets Venezuelans with new sanctions for corruption". UPI. Retrieved 2018-09-27.