Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie
The Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie (Flemish Radio and Television Broadcasting Organisation), or VRT (Dutch: [ˌveːjɛrˈteː], is the national public-service broadcaster for the Flemish Region and Community of Belgium.
|Type||Terrestrial radio and television|
VRT is the successor to the Nationaal Instituut voor de Radio-omroep (NIR, 1930–60), Belgische Radio- en Televisieomroep (BRT, 1960–1991), and Belgische Radio- en Televisieomroep Nederlandstalige Uitzendingen (BRTN, 1991–1998). The NIR (known as the INR in French) and BRT (RTB in French) had each been single state-owned entities with separate Dutch- and French-language production departments. However, in 1977, as part of the ongoing state reform in Belgium broadcasting became reserved to the language communities rather than the national government in 1977. Accordingly, BRT/RTB went their separate ways in 1977. While the former French half changed its name to RTBF in 1977, the Dutch side retained the BRT name until becoming BRTN in 1991. However, the two broadcasters share production facilities on Auguste Reyerslaan (French: Boulevard Auguste Reyers) in Brussels.
The final renaming to VRT, on 1 January 1998, followed a change in the organization's legal status: from being part of a semi-governmental entity (a parastatale in Belgian terminology) it had, on 16 April 1997, became a publicly owned corporation (NV van publiek recht) in its own right.
As successors to the NIR/INR, VRT and its counterpart in the French Community of Belgium, RTBF, share the Belgian membership in the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) – an association of public broadcasters in the countries of Europe and the Mediterranean rim that, amongst other activities, organizes the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
With the ending of its television monopoly – marked by the creation of VTM, a commercial television company that initially captured more than half of VRT's audience – the public broadcaster has been compelled to fight back, and part of its successful response has been the use of external production houses such as Woestijnvis, the creator of such formats as The Mole (De mol) and Man bites dog (TV series) (Man bijt hond).
Television channels are transmitted on:
- Cable: analog and digital on all Belgian and Dutch cable providers;
- IPTV to all major Belgian DSL providers (Proximus, Orange, Scarlet);
- Satellite with paid TV Vlaanderen subscription (encrypted DVB-S2 using SES Astra network).
- Terrestrial with paid TV Vlaanderen subscription (encrypted DVB-T2 using Norkring network). Free to air DVB-T broadcast by VRT was discontinued on 1 December 2018.
- Some programmes are broadcast worldwide on the Dutch/Flemish BVN free-to-air satellite channel
- Één (Dutch for: one), the main channel, formerly known as VRT TV1. Started in 1953 on VHF channel 10. In PAL colour since 1971. In 1977 the transmission standard changed from Belgian 625 to European CCIR) standard.
- Canvas, the quality TV channel. Started in 1997.
- Ketnet, the children's channel. Formerly took up Canvas's channel from 6am to 8pm.
- Sporza, the sports channel. Sport programs (like cycling, football, tennis...) are aired under the Sporza name but on the channels of Één, Canvas or Ketnet. During big sport events (like the Olympics) it is not uncommon for two or more channels to simultaneously air Sporza.
- BRTN TV2 was launched on 26 April 1977 as BRT TV2. BRT(N) TV2 broadcast Terzake and Het Journaal 8 uur until Sunday, 30 November 1997, when TV2 ceased transmission. On Monday 1 December 1997, BRTN TV2 was split into two channels: BRTN Ketnet and BRTN Canvas. The two channels were part of BRTN until 1998 – Canvas and Ketnet are still broadcasting as part of VRT2.
- OP12 (Dutch for: on twelve) was a channel used as backup in the event of primetime shortage. Mostly used for excess sport- and culture programs. It was discontinued in 2014.
Analog and digitalEdit
- Radio 1 - news, information and cultural channel
- Radio 2 - popular music
- Klara - classical music channel (formerly Radio 3)
- Studio Brussel - young and alternative channel
- MNM - hit music (formerly radio Donna)
- Klara continuo - uninterrupted classical music
- MNM Hits - uninterrupted popular music
- VRT NWS - latest news programme continuously repeated
- Ketnet Hits - uninterrupted kids music
- MNM UrbaNice - uninterrupted urban music
- Studio Brussel De Tijdloze - uninterrupted alternative classics
They also have a TMC service transmitted on Radio 2.
- 16 April 'Belgian pubcaster to launch HD Channel' via Broadband TV News