Vivonne Bay, South Australia (locality)

Vivonne Bay is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia located on the south coast of Kangaroo Island overlooking the body of water known in Australia as the Southern Ocean and by international authorities as the Great Australian Bight and which includes the bay known as Vivonne Bay.[8][9][10] It is located about 174 kilometres (108 miles) southwest of the state capital of Adelaide and about 55 kilometres (34 miles) southwest of the municipal seat of Kingscote.[1][3]

Vivonne Bay
South Australia
Vivonne Bay is located in South Australia
Vivonne Bay
Vivonne Bay
Coordinates35°58′53″S 137°10′50″E / 35.981420°S 137.180510°E / -35.981420; 137.180510Coordinates: 35°58′53″S 137°10′50″E / 35.981420°S 137.180510°E / -35.981420; 137.180510
Population407 (shared with other localities within the “State Suburb of Vivonne Bay”) (2011 census)[2][a]
Established2002[1]
Postcode(s)5223[3]
Time zoneACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST)ACST (UTC+10:30)
Location
LGA(s)Kangaroo Island Council[1]
RegionFleurieu and Kangaroo Island[4]
CountyCounty of Carnarvon[1]
State electorate(s)Mawson [5]
Federal Division(s)Mayo[6]
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.1 °C
72 °F
11.5 °C
53 °F
534.0 mm
21 in
Suburbs around Vivonne Bay:
Karatta Newland
Seddon
Seddon
Karatta
Stun’Sail Boom
Vivonne Bay Seal Bay
Ocean Ocean Ocean
FootnotesCoordinates[1]
Locations[1][3]
Climate[7]
Adjoining localities[1]

Human settlement started in what is now is the locality as the town of Vivonne which was surveyed during August 1908, named after the adjoining bay and proclaimed as a government town by Governor Bosanquet on 19 May 1909.[11] The locality’s boundaries were created in May 2002 which includes both the former government town of Vivonne and the Harriet River Shack Site, was given the “long established name” which is also derived from the adjoining bay.[1][12]

Vivonne Bay is bounded by the southern coast of Kangaroo Island and includes the following coast features (from west to east) - Cape Kersaint, Point Ellen and the bay known as Vivonne Bay. Two rivers, the Harriet and the Eleanor, flow throughout the locality to discharge into the bay. A dune system known as Little Sahara is located near the locality’s eastern boundary. The South coast Road passes through the locality from west to east and connects to a settlement is located on the site of the former shack site via a side road. Facilities associated with the settlement include a general store located on the South Coast Road, an outdoor education facility operated by the Sealink Travel Group and a camping ground operated by the Kangaroo Island Council.[13][14] The protected area known as the Vivonne Bay Conservation Park is located on the coastline immediately west of both Point Ellen and the bay.[1]

The settlement was threatened in December 2007 by one of the bushfires forming part of the 2007 Kangaroo Island bushfires with the result of the evacuation of residents after South Australian Country Fire Service determined that the area was difficult to defend and the destruction of one dwelling for which residents were criticised by the acting state premier, Kevin Foley for being "foolish and reckless" for not adequately clearing vegetation around their homes.[15]

The majority land use is agriculture with land along the coastline including the Vivonne Bay Conservation Park being zoned for conservation to “enhance and conserve the natural features of the coast”. Land associated with the former Harriet River Shack Site (now known as the ‘Harriet River Estate’ in planning documentation) is zoned for residential use.[1][16]

Vivonne Bay is located within the federal division of Mayo, the state electoral district of Mawson and the local government area of the Kangaroo Island Council.[1][5][6]

There is a big bushfire in many parts of Kangaroo Island, including Vivonne Bay. Evacuations are underway. [17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ For the 2011 census, the ‘State Suburb of Vivonne Bay’ consisted of the localities of Cape Borda, De Mole River, Duncan, Flinders Chase, Gosse, Karatta, Middle River, Newland, Stun'Sail Boom, Vivonne Bay and Western River.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Search result for "Vivonne Bay (Locality Bounded)" (Record no SA0015424) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Place names (gazetteer)" and "Development Plan Layers"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Vivonne Bay". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 March 2016.  
  3. ^ a b c "Postcode for Vivonne Bay, South Australia". postcodes-australia.com. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Limestone Coast SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  5. ^ a b Mawson (Map). Electoral District Boundaries Commission. 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Federal electoral division of Mayo, boundary gazetted 16 December 2011" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Monthly climate statistics: Summary statistics CAPE BORDA". Commonwealth of Australia , Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF) (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. pp. 35–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
  9. ^ "AHS – AA609582" (PDF) (PDF). The Australian Hydrographic Service. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Search result for "Vivonne Bay (BAY)" (Record Number SA0015418)". Government of South Australia. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Search result for "Vivonne (GTWN)" (Record no SA0015417) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Place names (gazetteer)" and "Government Towns"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Search result for "Harriet River Shack Site (Shack)" (Record no SA0029407) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Place names (gazetteer)" and "Government Towns"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  13. ^ Kangaroo Island Council. "Vivonne Bay". Archived from the original on 20 June 2005. Retrieved 12 July 2007.
  14. ^ "Annual report 2014-15" (PDF). Sealink Travel Group. pp. 2, 9 and 13. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  15. ^ Shepherd, Tory (8 December 2007). "Foley slams slack residents". Adelaide Now. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  16. ^ "Development Plan, Kangaroo Island Council, Consolidated – 20 February 2014" (PDF). Government of South Australia. pp. 114–116, 125–127, 135, 152, 169–170, 175, 234, 319–322 and 403–410. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  17. ^ https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-08/vivonne-bay-to-be-evacuated-ahead-of-thursday-fire-danger/11852758