Virtual Library museums pages

The Virtual Library museums pages (VLmp) formed an early leading directory of online museums around the world.[1] The resource was founded by Jonathan Bowen in 1994, originally at the Oxford University Computing Laboratory in the United Kingdom,[2][3] It has been supported by the International Council of Museums (ICOM) and Museophile Limited.[4][5] as part of the World Wide Web Virtual Library, initiated by Tim Berners-Lee and later managed by Arthur Secret.[6] The main VLmp site moved to London South Bank University in the early 2000s and is now hosted on the MuseumsWiki wiki, established in 2006 and hosted by Fandom (previously Wikia).[7]

Virtual Library museums pages (VLmp)
VLmp logo
VLmp logo
Available inEnglish
HeadquartersUniversity of Oxford (in 1994), ,
Area servedWorldwide
Created byJonathan Bowen et al.
Founder(s)Jonathan Bowen
ServicesWeb directory
ParentVirtual Library;
International Council of Museums
Current statusHosted by MuseumsWiki

The directory was developed and organised in a distributed manner by country, with around twenty people in different countries maintaining various sections. Canada, through the Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN),[8] was the first country to become involved. The MDA maintained the United Kingdom section of museums,[9] later the Collections Trust.[10] The Historisches Centrum Hagen has maintained and hosted pages for Germany.[11] Other countries actively participating included Romania.[12] In total, around 20 countries were involved.[4]

The directory was influential in the museum field during the 1990s and 2000s.[13][14] It was used as a standard starting point to find museums online.[15] It was useful for monitoring the growth of museums internationally online.[16] It was also used for online museum surveys.[17][18] It was recommended as an educational resource[19][20] and included a search facility.[21]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Turner, Nancy B. (1999). "Virtual Library Museums Pages". Electronic Resources Review. Emerald Group Publishing. 3 (2): 27–28. doi:10.1108/err.1999. ISSN 1364-5137.
  2. ^ Bowen, Jonathan P. (2002). "Weaving the Museum Web: The Virtual Library museums pages". Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems. 36 (4): 236–252. doi:10.1108/00330330210447208.
  3. ^ Bowen, Jonathan P. (1997). Bearman, David; Trant, Jennifer (eds.). "The Virtual Library museums pages (VLmp): Whence and Whither?". Museums and the Web, 1997: Selected Papers. Archives & Museum Informatics, 5501 Walnut Street, Suite 203, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232-2311, USA. pp. 9–25.
  4. ^ a b "Virtual Library museums pages". International Council of Museums. Archived from the original on 12 December 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  5. ^ "VLmp: The Virtual Library museums pages". ICOM News: Newsletter of the International Council of Museums. 52 (1&2): 9. 1999.
  6. ^ "The WWW Virtual Library: About the Virtual Library". The WWW Virtual Library. February 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Virtual Library museums pages". MuseumsWiki. Fandom. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Reference Internet Resources – Quick Reference – Museums/Galleries". Library and Archives Canada. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Museums around the UK on the Web". MDA. 2008. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Museums around the UK on the Web". Collections Trust. 2010. Archived from the original on 3 July 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Online Activities". Germany: Historisches Centrum Hagen. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  12. ^ Oberlaender-Tarnoveanu, L. (1999). "CIMEC – A Web Site for Romanian Archaeology: Dissemination by Integration" (PDF). Bar International Series. 750. pp. 169–174.
  13. ^ Trant, Jennifer (1999). "When all you've got is "The Real Thing": Museums and authenticity in the networked world". Archives and Museum Informatics. 12 (2): 107–125. doi:10.1023/A:1009041909517.
  14. ^ Tedd, Lucy A. (2006). "Program: a record of the first 40 years of electronic library and information systems" (PDF). Program. 40 (1): 11–26. doi:10.1108/00330330610646780.
  15. ^ Veltman, Kim H. (2002). "Challenges of virtual and digital culture" (PDF). Proc. 3rd Eur. Conf. Employment and Cultural Heritage, Economic Development and New Technologies in the Information and Knowledge Society.
  16. ^ Veltman, Kim H. (2001). Valentino, P.; Mossetto, G. (eds.). "Developments in Virtual Museums ("La crescita nel settore dei musei virtuali")" (PDF). Museo contro museo. Le strategie, gli strumenti, i risultati (in Italian). Giunti, Firenze.
  17. ^ Hertzum, Morten (1999). "A review of museum web sites: in search of user-centred design". Archives and Museum Informatics. 12 (2): 127–138. doi:10.1023/A:1009009104685.
  18. ^ Flor, Carla; Vanzin, Tarcisco; Ulbricht, Vania Ribas. "Virtual Museums: Diagnosis Accessibility ("Museus Virtuais: Diagnóstico de Acessibilidade")". Hipermídias: Interfaces Digitais em Ead: 126–152, 187–189. CiteSeerX
  19. ^ Mohta, Viraf D. (1997). The World Wide Web For Kids & Parents. Wiley. p. 106. ISBN 978-0764500985.
  20. ^ Provenzo, Eugene F.; Gotthoffer, Doug (2000). Quick guide to the Internet for education. Allyn and Bacon. p. 104. ISBN 978-0205309627.
  21. ^ Brano, Rovy (1 September 2001). "Web & Wild – Virtual Library Museum Pages" (PDF). TechTrends. Springer. 45 (5): 49, 24. doi:10.1007/BF03017091. S2CID 189911244.

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