Villeréal

Villeréal (Languedocien: Vilareal) is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France.

Villeréal
The church in Villeréal
The church in Villeréal
Coat of arms of Villeréal
Location of Villeréal
Villeréal is located in France
Villeréal
Villeréal
Villeréal is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Villeréal
Villeréal
Coordinates: 44°38′15″N 0°44′38″E / 44.6375°N 0.7439°E / 44.6375; 0.7439Coordinates: 44°38′15″N 0°44′38″E / 44.6375°N 0.7439°E / 44.6375; 0.7439
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentLot-et-Garonne
ArrondissementVilleneuve-sur-Lot
CantonLe Haut agenais Périgord
IntercommunalityBastides en Haut-Agenais Périgord
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Guillaume Molierac[1]
Area
1
13.92 km2 (5.37 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
1,290
 • Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
47324 /47210
Elevation78–168 m (256–551 ft)
(avg. 120 m or 390 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

In 1265, Gaston de Gontaut-Biron gave part of the Montlabour forest to the Count Alphonse de Poitiers, brother of the King Louis IX of France and Count of Toulouse. The new Bastide was built in the next four years and the King signed a contract in 1269 determining the legal statutes of the Villereal.[3] In addition, Villereal was occupied by the English from 1279 to 1453. King Edward I of England signed the “Charte des Coutumes de la Cité” on April 20, 1288, which protected the inhabitants and set the rules of life in the village community. Due to this charter Saturday was fixed as the market day.

StructureEdit

Villereal structure follows the basic plan of Bastides. It has 8 main streets, set at right angles, surround the large central square.[4] The “halle”, the main market building is spacious and with an unusual wattle and upper storey. Villereal is a great example for those who believe arcades were not part of the original design. The exterior stairs lead to upper levels of marketplace buildings. Villereal's exterior stairways would be necessary only if arcades were added to an existing building, since they provided access to the room above the street.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Villeréal - Tourism, Holidays & Weekends". France-Voyage.com. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
  4. ^ "Location: Villereal - John Reps Bastides Collection Search Results". bastides.library.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
  5. ^ John Reps, An Introduction to Bastides (PPT), at "About the Bastides" , John Reps Bastides Collection, Cornell University Library