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Victoria Kalima Phiri (4 October 1972 – 11 June 2018)[2] was a Zambian politician who served as Minister of Gender and member of the National Assembly for Kasenengwa from 2016 and 2011, respectively, till her death.

Victoria Kalima
Minister of Gender
In office
6 October 2016[1] – 11 June 2018
PresidentEdgar Lungu
Preceded byNkandu Luo
Member of the National Assembly for Kasenengwa
In office
2011 – 11 June 2018
Preceded byVera Tembo
Personal details
Born(1972-10-04)4 October 1972
Kitwe, Zambia
Died11 June 2018(2018-06-11) (aged 45)
Lusaka, Zambia
Political partyMMD (until 2016)
Patriotic Front (2016–2018)


Early lifeEdit

Kalima was born on 4 October 1972 at Kitwe,[2][3] the third child of Mustered and Evelyn Kalima.[4] She attended Kabale Primary School and Lwitikila Girls School in Mpika.[4] She studied for an MBA at Cavendish University in Lusaka[4] and also gained diplomas in agricultural business management and international relations.[2]


Kalima worked as a business administrator[2] for the Zambia Cooperate Federation in Lusaka from 1994 to 1998. In 1999, she established and was CEO of her own company, Plant Agri-Chem.[3]

Kalima was selected as the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy candidate for the Kasenengwa constituency for the 2011 general elections. Although she was elected to the National Assembly with a majority of over 17,500,[5] she was later criticised by Ngoni Chief Madzimawe for not visiting her constituency enough.[6] Her victory in the elections was overturned in the Supreme Court in December 2013 on the basis that she had given out bicycles and chitenge material to voters and claimed that the Patriotic Front would kill old people and stop the distribution of antiretroviral drugs.[7] Kalima was re-selected as the MMD candidate and contested the 2014 by-election, in which she was returned to the National Assembly with a reduced majority of 7,452.[8]

After being re-elected, she joined the Committee on Government Assurances and the Committee on Legal Affairs, Human Rights, National Guidance, Gender Matters and Governance.[2] During the 2015 presidential elections she campaigned for Hakainde Hichilema[9] of the United Party for National Development, leading to most local councillors in Kasenengwa saying that they would seek to ensure she lost her seat in the general elections the following year.[10]

Prior to the 2016 general elections Kalima called for an alliance between the MMD and Patriotic Front.[11] Despite previously criticising other MMD politicians for doing so,[12] she later defected to the Patriotic Front and was nominated as the party's candidate in Kasenengwa in the elections. She was re-elected to the National Assembly with a 9,259 vote majority.[13] Following the elections she was appointed Minister of Gender.[14]

In 2012 she defended the rights of journalists who got detained and whose cameras were confiscated.[15] In 2017 she became an activist against gender inequality and child marriages.[16] The same year she also proposed a revised version of Marriage Bill which will ban any marriages between a man and a woman until both are at least 21 years of age.[17]

Personal lifeEdit

Kalima was a widow,[2] and the goddaughter of former President Rupiah Banda.[18] She had two children and was a devout Christian.[4][3] Kalima died at Maina Soko Military Hospital in Lusaka on 11 June 2018 at the age of 45.[19][20]


  1. ^ "Gender Minister, Luapula PS, LGC Chairperson sworn". Blogspot.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Victoria Kalima National Assembly of Zambia
  3. ^ a b c "Motions: Death of Hon Victoria Kalima, MP". Parliament of Zambia. 14 June 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Kalima had a heart for people". Zambia Daily Mail. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  5. ^ 2011 National Assembly election results Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Electoral Commission of Zambia
  6. ^ Kasenengwa MP, Victoria Kalima accused of not visiting her constituency Breeze FM, 23 November 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  7. ^ "MMD loses Kasenengwa seat, nullified by Supreme Court". Lusaka Voice. 30 December 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  8. ^ Results For Kasenengwa, Mkushi South, Solwezi Central, Vubwi, Zambezi West parliamentary and one (1) local government by-elections Electoral Commission of Zambia
  9. ^ "HH extends campaign to Eastern Province". QFM Zambia. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  10. ^ "MMD MP Victoria Kalima disowned in Kasenengwa". Lusaka Times. 19 January 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  11. ^ "MMD East Lawmaker Backs Alliance With PF". Zambia Reports. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Defecting MMD MPs condemned". Zambia Daily Nation. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  13. ^ Candidate results for Kasenengwa Electoral Commission of Zambia
  14. ^ "Kalima: Taking development towards gender parity". Daily Mail. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  15. ^ Official Verbatim Report of the Parliamentary Debates. Government Printer. 19 July 2012. p. 793.
  16. ^ "African women vow to end gender inequality". Lusaka Times. 2 June 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Marriage act to be reviewed". Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation. 27 August 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Minister Kalima too sick to work". Zambia Watchdog. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  19. ^ "SAD NEWS: Minister Victoria Karima Dies". The Zambian Observer. 11 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  20. ^ Ncube, Sipilisiwe (11 June 2018). "Gender Minister Victoria Kalima dies". Diggers News. Retrieved 12 June 2018.