Vertigo (U2 song)

"Vertigo" is a song by Irish rock band U2. It is the opening track on their eleventh studio album, How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb (2004). It was released to radio as the album's lead single on 24 September 2004, and upon release, it received extensive airplay. The song was an international success, bolstered by its usage in a television advertisement featuring the band for Apple's iPod digital music player. The song lent its name to the band's 2005–2006 Vertigo Tour.

"Vertigo"
U2 Vertigo.png
Single by U2
from the album How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
B-side
Released8 November 2004 (2004-11-08)
Format
Recorded2003-2004
StudioHanover Quay Studios (Dublin, Ireland) and South of France
GenreAlternative rock
Length3:11
LabelIsland / Interscope
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)Steve Lillywhite
U2 singles chronology
"Electrical Storm"
(2002)
"Vertigo"
(2004)
"Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own"
(2005)
Music video
"Vertigo" on YouTube
Audio sample
"Vertigo"

In the United States, "Vertigo" peaked at number 31 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number one on the Alternative Songs chart. It topped the singles charts in Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom while reaching the top 10 in Australia, Austria, Belgium (Wallonia), Canada, Finland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. "Vertigo" won three Grammy Awards for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal, Best Rock Song, and Best Short Form Music Video at the 47th Annual Grammy Awards ceremony in 2005.[1]

"Vertigo" was ranked 64th on Rolling Stone's list of the 100 Best Songs of the Decade (2000 to 2010).[2]

Writing and recordingEdit

"Vertigo" originated from a demo that guitarist the Edge composed at his home in Malibu on a "very simple Pro-Tools rig". Playing along to drum loops that drummer Larry Mullen Jr. had recorded for him, the Edge created the guitar riff among others while "exploring rock 'n' roll guitar" and "what that means in the twenty-first century".[3] Inspiration for the riff came within 20 minutes of the Edge first plugging into a 1957 Fender Deluxe amplifier, which was acquired for him by his technician Dallas Schoo after he requested a small amplifier he could use to record demos at his home studio.[4] The Edge gave the demo a working title of "Full Metal Jacket".[5] When lead singer Bono heard it, he was very enthused, describing it as: "the mother of all rock 'n' roll tunes. I don't know where it came from but it's a remarkable guitar thing. You want to hear it - it's a reason to make a record. The song is that good!"[6] Believing that their pending record would have a punk rock energy and be very collaborative between the band members, U2 hired Chris Thomas to produce it; the Edge said that he worked well with bands and had produced several records that were favourites among U2, including early Roxy Music albums and the Sex Pistols's Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols.[3] U2 began working with Thomas on the album How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb in February 2003.[7] During the sessions, U2 experimented with different melodies and rhythm ideas for "Full Metal Jacket".[3] Bono's original set of lyrics was inspired by Leonard Peltier, a Native American rights activist who was controversially convicted of killing two Federal Bureau of Investigation agents.[5] Bono did not believe Peltier deserved to be imprisoned, and he took a "new-journalism approach" to writing the lyrics.[8] The song was subsequently retitled "Native Son",[5] and after extensive experimentation on it, the band recorded and mixed a version of the song to completion with Thomas.[3] The group were so excited by the song, they sent it to Interscope Records, which was equally excited by it. However, Bono called the decision a mistake and said the song ultimately "wasn't as good as [they] thought".[8]

After working for nine months with Thomas, U2 had recorded an album's worth of material, but they were dissatisfied with the quality of it and decided to delay the release. As a result, they hired producer Steve Lillywhite to replace Thomas in January 2004. Lillywhite urged the band to record in the larger space at Hanover Quay Studio to encourage better performances. While Bono was away for the week, the band re-recorded the backing track for "Native Son".[3] When Bono returned, Lillywhite asked him to record a guide vocal, but 30 seconds into a take, Bono stopped, as he became uncomfortable with the thought of singing the lyrics to a large crowd in a live setting.[5] He said: "The lyrics were about something I care deeply about, but the song didn't vibrate. It didn't change the room temperature."[7] The song subsequently was deconstructed and the lyrics were changed around, with various iterations of the song being called "Shark Soup" and "Viva la Ramone". At one point, Bono wrote a completely new set of lyrics in Spanish, remnants of which would survive in the completed version of the song. Eventually, the song transformed into "Vertigo", but the group were still considering several possible variations of the chorus. At the suggestion of some outsiders, the band chose the "Hello, hello" version. Lillywhite also double tracked Bono's vocals in the chorus to give them more impact.[5] The Edge said the vocal melody in the final version of the song differed from his original demo, but that otherwise most of the musical ideas from the demo were present in the completed song.[3]

The Edge achieved the guitar tones on the song using four pieces of equipment: a 1966 Fender Telecaster guitar, a Line 6 DM4 Distortion Modeler effects pedal, a Korg SDD-3000 digital delay pedal, and the Fender Deluxe amplifier. The distortion pedal is used for the raw sound of the main power chord riff, while the delay pedal is used for the clean, ambient accent notes in the song's instrumental break.[4]

CompositionEdit

At the beginning of the song, Bono counts off in Spanish "Unos, dos, tres, catorce!"[9] In English, this translates to "some, two, three, fourteen!"[10] When asked about this oddity in an interview for Rolling Stone, Bono replied "there may have been some alcohol involved".[8] Some sources have suggested that as the first words spoken on the album, the lyrical choice was a deliberate nod to Exodus 3:14 (the first Testament (Old) of the Christian Bible, second book, third chapter, fourteenth verse), whereby after Moses asks God's name, God responds "I Am that I Am". This theory is supported by the fact the final track on the How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb album is titled "Yahweh", another name for the Abrahamic god.[11] The count off was parodied by novelty singer Richard Cheese on his version of U2's "Sunday Bloody Sunday" on his 2005 album Aperitif for Destruction.

A Spanish reply of "¡Hola!" is also heard behind the "Hello, hello" of the refrain, as well as "¿Dónde está?" ("Where is it?" or "Where are you?" depending upon if this is intended as a question to the location of Vertigo or Bono himself) after the line "I'm at a place called Vertigo". The "Hello, hello" line itself is reminiscent of similar lyrics in the song "Stories for Boys" from U2's debut album Boy; in Vertigo Tour concerts, the band frequently included a section of the latter song in their performances of "Vertigo." These concerts have also sometimes featured "Vertigo" played twice, once early in the show and again as a final encore; this also looks back to U2's early days, when they did not have enough songs to fill out an entire performance and had to repeat some at the end.

PromotionEdit

U2 performed "Vertigo" in a television commercial for the Apple iPod as part of a cross-marketing plan to promote both the album and Apple's music products (especially the U2 Special Edition iPod and the iTunes Music Store's exclusive digital box set for U2, The Complete U2).[12]

Chart performanceEdit

Upon release, "Vertigo" debuted at number 18 on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart and number 46 on the Billboard Hot 100. In the following weeks, the track jumped to number one on the Modern Rock Tracks chart, moved from number 27 to number three on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, and from number 35 to number nine on the Adult Top 40. It also debuted at number one on the Hot Digital Tracks chart and, after falling to number 4, returned to the top position. The track later moved into the top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number 31. It spent 20 weeks on the chart.[13][14] At the time of the song's release, Billboard did not count digital downloads as part of a single's overall sales. "Vertigo" recorded strong digital sales, and had these been incorporated into physical sales and airplay, would have seen a much stronger placing on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.

In the United Kingdom, the song moved from BBC Radio 1's B-list in the first week of its airplay release to the A-list in the second week. The song was released commercially on 15 November, and debuted at number one on the UK Singles Chart, and remained there for one week. In total, it spent nine weeks in the top 40.

In Australia, the track debuted at number five on the ARIA Charts, and was ranked number 38 on Triple J's Hottest 100 of 2004. In the Netherlands, "Vertigo" reached number two on the Mega Top 100.

In Brazil, the single went gold with more than 50,000 downloads.[15]

The digital single holds a Gold status in the United States.

Music videoEdit

The video for the song features U2 performing in a featureless desert as black jet streams emit from behind each band member; on the ground is a huge white bulls-eye symbol used as a motif for the album graphics. The circular platform that the band performs on constantly elevates up and down in a spiral pattern, as the wind blows in the band's face. It was directed by the team of Alex & Martin. It was recorded in Punta Del Fangar (Ebro Delta) in Spain, and won Grammy Awards for Best Short Form Music Video in 2005.

Cover versionsEdit

Nathaniel Willemse released a cover version of Vertigo as his debut single in 2008, after having performed it on Australian Idol series four in 2006.[16]

Bon Jovi performed a snippet of the song during Bad Medicine on their 2011 Live 2011.[citation needed]

Formats and track listingsEdit

7" and 12" vinyl singlesEdit

U.S. 7" (Interscope B0003580-21)[17]
No.TitleLength
1."Vertigo"3:14
UK 12" (Island 12 IS 878 / 986 856-7)[18]
No.TitleLength
1."Vertigo" (Jacknife Lee 12")5:36
2."Vertigo" (Jacknife Lee 7")3:08
3."Vertigo" (Jacknife Lee 10")4:13
4."Vertigo" (Jacknife Lee 12" instrumental)5:36
UK 12" (Island 12 IS 886 / 987 025-2)[19]
No.TitleLength
1."Vertigo" (Redanka Power mix)7:32
2."Vertigo" (Trent Reznor remix)3:38

CD and DVD singlesEdit

CD 1 / Mini CD
No.TitleLength
1."Vertigo"3:11
2."Are You Gonna Wait Forever?"3:48
CD 2
No.TitleLength
1."Vertigo"3:11
2."Vertigo" (Jacknife Lee 10")4:13
3."Neon Lights"4:07
Japan CD
No.TitleLength
1."Vertigo"3:11
2."Are You Gonna Wait Forever?"3:48
3."Vertigo" (Jacknife Lee 10")4:13
4."Neon Lights"4:07
5."Vertigo" (Live at HQ video)3:11
DVD
No.TitleLength
1."Vertigo" (HQ video)3:11
2."Vertigo" (Audio with photo gallery) 
3."Are You Gonna Wait Forever?" (Audio only) 
4."Vertigo" (Jacknife Lee 10" - Lisbon video) 

PersonnelEdit

Charts and certificationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Grammy Awards for U2". The Recording Academy, USA. 24 April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Rolling Stone Magazine's 100 Best Songs Of The Decade (2000-2010)". Rolling Stone. 24 April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f McCormick (2006), pp. 317–322
  4. ^ a b Gill, Chris (11 September 2018). "The Secrets Behind The Edge's Guitar Tone on U2's 'Vertigo'". Guitar World. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e Stokes (2005), pp. 163–165
  6. ^ "Exclusive: U2 talk about the new album". Hot Press. 8 November 2002. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  7. ^ a b Fricke, David (30 December 2004). "U2 Drops Bomb". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  8. ^ a b c Fricke, David (15 December 2004). "U2 Dissect 'Bomb'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 4 November 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Lyrics: Vertigo". U2.com. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
  10. ^ "English Translation of "un" | Collins Spanish English Dictionary". www.collinsdictionary.com. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  11. ^ Stockman, Steve (2005). Walk On: The Spiritual Journey of U2. Relevant Books. ISBN 9780976035756. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Apple iPod U2 Television Advertisement". YouTube.com. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  13. ^ "U2 Vertigo @ Top40-Charts.com - Songs & Videos from 49 Top 20 & Top 40 Music Charts from 30 Countries". Top40-charts.com. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  14. ^ Vertigo at AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
  15. ^ "Associayco Brasileira de Produtores de Disco". ABPD. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  16. ^ "Nathaniel Willemse Interview". Girl.com.au. Retrieved 31 December 2013. Rising star Nathaniel Willemse is set to launch his debut single "Vertigo" in January 2008 ... Nathaniel made "Vertigo" his own when he performed his laid-back soul version of the U2 hit on Australian Idol 2006,
  17. ^ Vertigo (7" single). U2. United States: Interscope Records. 2004. B0003580-21.CS1 maint: others (link)
  18. ^ Vertigo (12" single). U2. United Kingdom: Island Records. 2004. 12IS878 / 986 856-7.CS1 maint: others (link)
  19. ^ Vertigo (12" single). U2. United Kingdom: Island Records. 2004. 12IS886 / 987 025-2.CS1 maint: others (link)
  20. ^ "Australian-charts.com – U2 – Vertigo". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  21. ^ "Austriancharts.at – U2 – Vertigo" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  22. ^ "Ultratop.be – U2 – Vertigo" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  23. ^ "Ultratop.be – U2 – Vertigo" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  24. ^ "U2 Chart History (Canadian Digital Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  25. ^ "RR Canada Rock Top 30" (PDF). p. 79. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  26. ^ "Danishcharts.com – U2 – Vertigo". Tracklisten. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  27. ^ "Hits of the World – Eurocharts" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 116 no. 48. 27 November 2004. p. 45. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  28. ^ "U2: Vertigo" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  29. ^ "Lescharts.com – U2 – Vertigo" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  30. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – U2 – Vertigo". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  31. ^ "Top 50 Singles Εβδομάδα 18–25/12" (in Greek). IFPI. Archived from the original on 29 December 2004. Retrieved 2 July 2020. See Best Position column.
  32. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége.
  33. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Vertigo". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Italiancharts.com – U2 – Vertigo". Top Digital Download. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  35. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – U2" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  36. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – U2 – Vertigo" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  37. ^ "Charts.nz – U2 – Vertigo". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  38. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – U2 – Vertigo". VG-lista. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  39. ^ "Arhiva romanian top 100 – Editia 6, saptamina 14.02 – 20.02, 2005" (in Romanian). Romanian Top 100. Archived from the original on 23 February 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  40. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  41. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – U2 – Vertigo" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  42. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – U2 – Vertigo". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  43. ^ "Swisscharts.com – U2 – Vertigo". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  44. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  45. ^ "U2 Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  46. ^ "U2 Chart History (Adult Alternative Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  47. ^ "U2 Chart History (Adult Pop Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  48. ^ "U2 Chart History (Alternative Airplay)". Billboard. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  49. ^ "U2 Chart History (Dance Club Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  50. ^ "U2 Chart History (Mainstream Rock)". Billboard. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  51. ^ "U2 Chart History (Pop Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  52. ^ a b "U2: Charts & Awards - Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
  53. ^ "Rádiós Top 100 – hallgatottsági adatok alapján – 2004" (in Hungarian). Mahasz. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  54. ^ "Top 100–Jaaroverzicht van 2004". Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  55. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 2004" (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  56. ^ "The Official UK Singles Chart 2004" (PDF). UKChartsPlus. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  57. ^ "Rádiós Top 100 – hallgatottsági adatok alapján – 2005" (in Hungarian). Mahasz. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  58. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2004 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  59. ^ "Certificações de U2". ABPD. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  60. ^ "British single certifications – U2 – Vertigo". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  61. ^ "American single certifications – U2 – Vertigo". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 7 June 2014. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH. 

Bibliography

External linksEdit