Velim railway test circuit

The Velim test center (Czech: Zkušební centrum Velim) is a railway rolling stock testing facility at Cerhenice, close to the town of Kolín in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has become one of the main testing locations for new types of rolling stock designed for use in Europe, and has been a fully accredited European test centre since March 1995.[1] The most notable feature is the Velim railway test circuit (Železniční zkušební okruh u Velimi/Cerhenice), consisting of two large standard gauge railway track ovals designed for continuous running of new rail vehicles.

Location of Velim in the Czech Republic.
Overview map of the test circuit.
Alstom AGV train running at 200 km/h on the large circuit.
British Class 92 92001 cross-channel dual-voltage locomotive under test in November 1994.

The centre is owned by the Railway Research Institute (VUZ, Výzkumný ústav železniční[2]), a subsidiary of the national railway operator, České dráhy..

Test circuitEdit

The two standard gauge test circuits were built in 1963, and are located between the villages of Vrbová Lhota, Ratenice, Cerhenice, Velim, Pňov-Předhradí and the southern suburbs of Poděbrady. The village of Sokoleč lies completely inside the larger circuit.

  • small circuit 3.951-kilometre long with a maximum allowed speed of 90 km/h.
  • large circuit 13.276-kilometre long with a maximum allowed speed of 230 km/h for tilting trains and up to 210 km/h for conventional trains.

The circuits allows the testing of the characteristics of vehicles, noise levels, the ability to communicate using the European Train Control System (ETCS) and GSM-R radio,[1] and simulation of failures and changes in power system.

Both circuits provide all railway electrification systems used in central Europe:

In addition 1.5-kilometre length can be equipped for third rail supply for metro operators.[1]

Notable trialsEdit

In 2008 and 2009 manufacturer Alstom tested its new Automotrice à grande vitesse at Velim,[3] and at the same time the V250 built by AnsaldoBreda was being tested.[1] The IC4 by AnsaldoBreda was often tested at Velim partly due to the bureaucratic procedure to approve a new system version for test on a normal Danish railway.


  1. ^ a b c d Kingsley, Nick (2008-11-10). "Velim team focuses on delivery". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2009-08-24.
  2. ^ Vítáme Vás na stránkách VUZ
  3. ^ Jackson, Chris (2008-09-02). "AGV: Testing times ahead". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2009-03-02.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 50°06′00″N 15°05′45″E / 50.10000°N 15.09583°E / 50.10000; 15.09583