British Rail Class 802
The British Rail Class 802 is a type of bi-mode multiple unit train being built by Hitachi Rail Europe for Great Western Railway, TransPennine Express and Hull Trains, based on the Hitachi A-train design.
|British Rail Class 802|
The standard class interior of a GWR Class 802
|In service||18 August 2018|
|Manufacturer||Hitachi Rail Europe|
|Built at||Kasado factory (Japan)|
Class 180 Adelante
Class 185 Desiro
|Number under construction||46 x 5-car|
14 x 9-car
|Capacity||326 (GWR 5-car)|
342 (TPE 5-car)
655 (GWR 9-car)
327 (HT 5-car)
|Operator(s)||Great Western Railway|
|Line(s) served||Great Western Main Line|
Cornish Main Line
East Coast Main Line
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Car length||26 m (85 ft 4 in)|
|Maximum speed||125 mph (201 km/h)|
Minor modifications: 140 mph (225 km/h)
|Prime mover(s)||MTU 12V 1600 R80L|
|Engine type||V 12|
|Power output||700 kW (940 hp) per engine|
|Acceleration||1 m/s2 (3.3 ft/s2)|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC overhead lines|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Safety system(s)||AWS, TPWS, ETCS, ATP|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The type will be used initially on the Great Western Main Line, running from London to Plymouth and Penzance along with the HSTs, as well as additional services to Oxford and along the Cotswold Line. The first two units entered traffic on 18 August 2018.
In mid-2015, Great Western Railway announced that it had secured the procurement of 173 new rail vehicles from Hitachi Rail, with options for another 150. At the time, GWR was beginning the process of introducing a new fleet of intercity trains as part of the Government's Intercity Express Programme. This project involved the procurement of both wholly electric units (Class 801), and "bi-mode" trains (Class 800), powered by electric traction motors capable of running from overhead electric wires or on-board diesel generators. These trains were intended to replace the existing High Speed Trains following the electrification of the Great Western Main Line. However, electrification will only go as far as Bristol Parkway, with the route beyond requiring diesel traction (hence the need to procure trains capable of operating without overhead wires).
The purchase of 173 additional vehicles was with the intention that these new bi-mode trains, similar to the Class 800s, would be used on services into Devon and Cornwall. These trains would consist of 22 five-car and seven nine-car units. The option for a further 150 vehicles would be formed into another 30 five-car units.
Initially, owing to Hitachi's facility at Newton Aycliffe in County Durham being at capacity, the intention was to construct the trains at the Kasado factory in Kudamatsu in Japan. However, following Hitachi's purchase of the Italian train manufacturer AnsaldoBreda, construction was moved to Hitachi's Pistoia plant, with the first unit being completed in February 2018.
The trains were expected to enter service with GWR from 2018, with the aim of reducing journey times from London to Exeter by up to five minutes, to Plymouth by up to six minutes, and to Penzance by up to 14 minutes.
The Class 802s are broadly identical to the Class 800 bi-mode trains used in the Intercity Express Programme, and are used in a similar way; they run as electric trains where possible, and are equipped with the same diesel generator engines as the Class 800. However, they utilise higher engine operating power – 700 kW (940 hp) per engine as opposed to 560 kW (750 hp) – and are fitted with larger fuel tanks to cope with the gradients and extended running in diesel mode expected on the long unelectrified stretches they will operate on.
Great Western RailwayEdit
Main line testing of the Class 802 began in Somerset in August 2017. They were due to be introduced on 16 July 2018. A demonstration run for invited guests from Penzance to Exeter St Davids was held on 17 August 2018. The first two units (802006 and 802007) entered traffic the following day on 18 August 2018, on a Bristol Temple Meads to Swansea service. The same units were first used in passenger service in Cornwall on 20 August 2018, with the service from London Paddington to Penzance and the return to London.
In November 2016, Hull Trains announced that it was procuring five five-car AT300 sets to replace the Alstom Class 180 diesel multiple-units which it currently uses on the Hull to London service. The first body shell was completed at the Kasado plant in August 2018.
TransPennine Express will receive 19 five-car Class 802 sets to operate primarily on the North Transpennine Line between Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Newcastle and Edinburgh. Production began in December 2017, and testing began on the East Coast Main Line during July 2018, with the fleet due to enter service from summer 2019.
TransPennine Express have branded the new trains it is procuring under the general name Nova, with the Class 802 units branded as Nova 1.
Great Western Railway's AT300 Trains are being named after "inspirational people" who have influenced the regions that the company serves.
|802011||8 December 2018||Captain Robert Falcon Scott / Sir Joshua Reynolds|
|Class||Operator||No. Built||Year Built||Coaches||Unit nos.|
|Class 802/0||Great Western Railway||22||2017–19||5||802001–802022|
|Class 802/2||TransPennine Express||19||5||802201–802219|
|Class 802/3||Hull Trains||5||5||802301–802305|
On 14 September 2018 the 14:00 GWR Penzance to Paddington service broke down at 17:15 just north of Exeter. Passengers had to be removed from the train with ladders and transferred to another train.
During testing of a Class 802 on the evening of 16 October 2018 ahead of its handover to GWR, severe damage was caused to 500 m (1,600 ft) of overhead power lines in the Hanwell area, outside London Paddington station. This led to service cancellations and delays that night and the following two days.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to British Rail Class 802.|
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- Pritchard, Robert (February 2016). "The Future for Intercity Travel". Today's Railways. Platform 5 (170): 40–43.
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- Shaw, Neil (2018-08-17). "New train carries passengers across Devon and Cornwall for first time today". PlymouthLive. Archived from the original on 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
- "GWR launches Class 802s in service". www.railmagazine.com. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
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- "£60m Hull Trains electro-diesel train deal signed". Railway Gazette. 2 November 2016.
- David Burroughs (29 August 2018). "First Hull Trains class 802 body shell completed". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "TPE goes for loco-hauled trains for new franchise". Today's Railways. Sheffield: Platform 5. May 2016.
- Hitachi awarded TransPennine Express multiple unit contract Railway Gazette International 31 March 2016
- Hitachi scoops 95-car TPE train deal Rail Magazine 1 April 2016
- "Work begins on new futuristic train fleet for TransPennine Express". Dec 19, 2017. Retrieved Dec 26, 2017.
- David Briginshaw (25 July 2018). "Testing starts of first TransPennine Express Nova 1 trains". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Summer arrival for first TPE '802/2s'". www.railmagazine.com.
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