Vechta (German pronunciation: [ˈfɛçta]) is the capital and largest city of the Vechta district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is home to the University of Vechta.

Vechta
Vechta Zentrum.jpg
Coat of arms of Vechta
Location of Vechta within Vechta district
VisbekNeuenkirchen-VördenDammeDümmerHoldorfSteinfeldDinklageLohneBakumGoldenstedtVechtaVechta (district)Lower SaxonyNorth Rhine-WestphaliaOsnabrück (district)Cloppenburg (district)Oldenburg (district)Diepholz (district)Vechta in VEC.svg
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Vechta is located in Germany
Vechta
Vechta
Vechta is located in Lower Saxony
Vechta
Vechta
Coordinates: 52°43′50″N 08°17′19″E / 52.73056°N 8.28861°E / 52.73056; 8.28861Coordinates: 52°43′50″N 08°17′19″E / 52.73056°N 8.28861°E / 52.73056; 8.28861
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictVechta
Subdivisions25
Government
 • Mayor (2019–24) Kristian Kater[1]
Area
 • Total87.8 km2 (33.9 sq mi)
Elevation
37 m (121 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total32,894
 • Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
49377
Dialling codes04441
Vehicle registrationVEC
Websitewww.vechta.de

It is known for the 'Stoppelmarkt' fair, which takes place every summer and has a history dating back to 1298. With an attendance of 800,000 visitors it is one of the biggest annual fairs in north-western Germany.[3]

The town was in the recent past known as a centre of far northern German Catholicism.

Vechta water mill

Town subdivisionsEdit

Vechta consists of 25 boroughs, but the city proper was made out of 16 boroughs, until in 1933 the three boroughs of the old "Community of Oythe" were added to the city. The six boroughs of the "Community of Langförden" were added to the city in 1974.

  • Bergstrup
  • Calveslage (1974)
  • Deindrup (1974)
  • Füchtel
  • Grünenmoor
  • Hagen
  • Holtrup (1974)
  • Holzhausen (1933)
  • Innenstadt
  • Langförden (1974)
  • Oythe (1933)
  • Petersburg
  • Rieden
  • Spreda (1974)
  • Stoppelmarkt
  • Strohe (1974)
  • Stukenborg
  • Tannenhof
  • Telbrake (1933)
  • Tonnenmoor
  • Vardel
  • Vechta-North
  • Vechta-West
  • Vor dem Moore
  • Welpe

Transport and infrastructureEdit

The A1, also known as the Hansalinie, passes by Vechta. There are three interchanges: Vechta-West/Bakum, Vechta-Langförden/Emstek, Vechta-Nord/Ahlhorn . Also, the B69 runs through the city of Vechta.

TransportEdit

Vechta lies on the Delmenhorst-Hesepe railway and offers connections to Osnabrück and Bremen.

Population developmentEdit

Vechta has become a very rich city with a high quality of living, so Vechta is one of the rare German towns that still has a growing population.

  • 1890: 2,188 inhabitants
  • 1905: 3,895 inhabitants
  • 1910: 4,373 inhabitants
  • 1933: 7,280 inhabitants
  • 1939: 8,095 inhabitants
  • 1950: 13,097 inhabitants
  • 1977: 22,133 inhabitants
  • 1980: 23,000 inhabitants
  • 1990: 23,200 inhabitants
  • 1995: 25,616 inhabitants
  • 2000: 27,832 inhabitants
  • 2005: 30,061 inhabitants
  • 2008: 30,903 inhabitants
  • 2009: 31,250 inhabitants
  • 2021: 32,900 inhabitants

TheatreEdit

Vechta is a fixed venue for the Landesbühne Niedersachsen Nord, founded in 1952. The headquarter is located in Wilhelmshaven, which stages annually up to ten performances at the Metropoltheater. The theatre offers 272 seats.

StoppelmarktEdit

Stoppelmarkt was first mentioned as a market in 1298. In earlier times, it was held in the streets of the city within the fortress walls. Even then, merchants from many European countries came to Vechta. In 1577 the city of Vechta was hit by the plague. Therefore, the market had to be moved to an open field outside the city walls. Since the stubble remains of the last harvest were still standing on the field, the market was henceforth called Stoppelmarkt.[4] In 2020 and 2021 the market is cancelled because of Corona.[5]

ClimateEdit

The climate in Vechta is a moderate sea climate, influenced by wet northwest winds from the North Sea. The long term average air temperature reaches 8.5 to 9.0 °C and about 700 millimeters of rainfall per year. Between May and August, an average of 20–25 summer days (climatological term for days with the maximum temperature exceeds 25 °C) are calculated.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Vechta is twinned with:[6]

SportEdit

Vechta is home of the Rasta Vechta, basketball club which plays in German Basketball Bundesliga.

Notable peopleEdit

 
Andreas Romberg

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Verzeichnis der direkt gewählten Bürgermeister/-innen und Landräte/Landrätinnen". Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen. April 2021.
  2. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle A100001G: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2020.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-02. Retrieved 2015-04-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Der Markt > Stoppelmarkt Vechta". www.stoppelmarkt.de. Retrieved 2021-08-12.
  5. ^ NDR. "Kirmespark statt Stoppelmarkt startet in Vechta". www.ndr.de (in German). Retrieved 2021-08-12.
  6. ^ "Städtefreundschaften". rathaus.vechta.de (in German). Vechta. Retrieved 2021-02-21.

External linksEdit