Veľký Meder

Veľký Meder (1948–1990 Čalovo, Hungarian: Nagymegyer, Yiddish: Magendorf‎) is a town in the Dunajská Streda District, Trnava Region in southwestern Slovakia.

Veľký Meder

Nagymegyer

Magendorf
Town
Townhall
Townhall
Coat of arms of Veľký Meder
Coat of arms
Etymology: Great Megyer deriving from the name of the ancient Hungarian Megyer tribe
Veľký Meder is located in Slovakia
Veľký Meder
Veľký Meder
Location of Veľký Meder within Slovakia
Coordinates: 47°51′23″N 17°46′14″E / 47.85639°N 17.77056°E / 47.85639; 17.77056Coordinates: 47°51′23″N 17°46′14″E / 47.85639°N 17.77056°E / 47.85639; 17.77056
CountrySlovakia
RegionTrnava
DistrictDunajská Streda
First mentioned1268
Government
 • MayorDávid Szabó
Area
 • Total55.548 km2 (21.447 sq mi)
Elevation
112 m (367 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31[1])
 • Total8,611
 • Density160/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
932 01
Area code(s)421-31
Car plateDS
Websitehttp://www.velkymeder.sk/
Source:[2]

EtymologyEdit

The name is derived from the name of the ancient Hungarian Megyer tribe.[3]

GeographyEdit

Veľký Meder lies in the eastern part of Great Rye Island, on the western border of historical Komárom County, around 20 km southeast of Dunajská Streda and 35 km northwest of Komárno. Administratively, the town belongs to the Trnava Region, Dunajská Streda District. The town is renowned for its thermal spring.

HistoryEdit

In the 9th century, the territory of Veľký Meder became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The first written record about Veľký Meder was in 1248 under name Villa Meger. The population of the town has been predominantly Hungarian at least since the Middle Ages. In the Middle and Modern Ages, the settlement was a little market town in the western part of Komárom county. In 1466, Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus gave the town privileges. During the period of 1914-18 (World war I), near the town's railway station, was the location of the Austro-Hungarian death camp Kriegsgefangenenlager Nagymegyer. The Serbian cemetery in Veľký Meder has mass graves and monument to 5,153 Serb and Montenegrin war prisoners who died in the Kriegsgefangenenlager Nagymegyer, Austro-Hungarian POW camp. After the Austro-Hungarian army disintegrated in November 1918, Czechoslovak troops occupied the area, later acknowledged internationally by the Treaty of Trianon. Between 1938 and 1945 Veľký Meder once more became part of Miklós Horthy's Hungary through the First Vienna Award. From 1945 until the Velvet Divorce, it was part of Czechoslovakia. Since then it has been part of Slovakia.

Ethnic groupsEdit

According to the 2001 census, the most dominant group in the town are the Hungarians (84.6%), next are the Slovaks (13.5%), and there are small minorities of Czechs and Romani (both 0.7%).[2]

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Veľký Meder is twinned with:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 13, 2007. Retrieved May 13, 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Municipal Statistics from the Statistical Office of the Slovak republic
  3. ^ Hladký, Juraj; Závodný, Andrej (2014). "Slovansko-slovenské kulturologické fenomény v starej slovenskej toponymii (na materiáli Žitného ostrova)" [The Slavic-Slovak Culturogical Phenomena in Older Slovak Toponyms]. Studia Slovakistica: Словацька філологія в Україні (PDF) (in Slovak). Uzhhorod: Видавництво О. Гаркуші.
  4. ^ "Partnerské mestá". velkymeder.sk (in Slovak). Veľký Meder. Retrieved 2019-09-05.

External linksEdit