Veľký Šariš

Veľký Šariš (Hungarian: Nagysáros) is a small town near Prešov in eastern Slovakia. The town is known as the site of the largest brewery in Slovakia – Šariš Brewery.

Veľký Šariš
Town
View from Veľký Šariš
View from Veľký Šariš
Coat of arms of Veľký Šariš
Veľký Šariš is located in Slovakia
Veľký Šariš
Veľký Šariš
Location of Veľký Šariš in Slovakia
Coordinates: 49°02′18″N 21°11′30″E / 49.03833°N 21.19167°E / 49.03833; 21.19167Coordinates: 49°02′18″N 21°11′30″E / 49.03833°N 21.19167°E / 49.03833; 21.19167
CountrySlovakia
RegionPrešov
DistrictPrešov
First mentioned1217
Government
 • MayorJUDr. Viliam Kall
Area
 • Total25.72[2] km2 (9.93[2] sq mi)
Elevation
281[3] m (922[3] ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total6,595[1]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
082 21[3]
Area code+421 51[3]
Car platePO
ClimateDfb
Websitevelkysaris.sk

EtymologyEdit

The etymology of the name is uncertain. Hungarian historians and linguists prefer the theory that it is derived from the Hungarian word sár or sáros (muddy). Slovak historians and linguists assume that the name comes from pre-Hungarian period and is of Slavic or even older origin.[5]

GeographyEdit

Veľký Šariš lies at an altitude of 269 metres (883 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 25.73 square kilometres (9.9 sq mi).[6] It is located on the Torysa river, 6 kilometres (4 mi) north-north-west from Prešov. There are ruins of Šariš Castle above the city, which were reconstructed in recent years and serve as place for various cultural events, such as music festivals or film festivals.

HistoryEdit

The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. A Slavic settlement on the castle foot hill is dated to the 9th–10th century, other settlements were unearthed in the area of the town (9th–10th century, 10th–11th century, later abandoned settlement dated to the 12th–13th century) and at the location Dzikov potok (8th–9th century). The first written mention of Veľký Šariš dates back to 1217 (Sarus)[5] The town was a royal town then a landlord town (since 1465).[5]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2001 census, the town had 4,018 inhabitants. 91.69% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 6.07% Roma, 0.60% Ukrainians and 0.55% Czechs.[6] The religious makeup was 84.59% Roman Catholics, 4.55% people with no religious affiliation, 4.31% Greek Catholics and 2.56% Lutherans.[6]

EconomyEdit

There is brewery Šariš located in town. The brewery was built in 1964 and is part of group SABMiller, which acquired brewery in 1997. Brewery has around 550 employees.

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Veľký Šariš is twinned with:[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Počet obyvateľov podľa pohlavia - obce (ročne)". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  2. ^ a b "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce [om7014rr_ukaz: Rozloha (Štvorcový meter)]". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  3. ^ a b c d "Základná charakteristika". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  4. ^ a b "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  5. ^ a b c Štefánik, Martin; Lukačka, Ján, eds. (2010). Lexikón stredovekých miest na Slovensku [Lexicon of Medieval Towns in Slovakia] (PDF) (in Slovak and English). Bratislava: Historický ústav SAV. pp. 552, 563. ISBN 978-80-89396-11-5.
  6. ^ a b c "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  7. ^ "Partnerské mestá". velkysaris.sk (in Slovak). Veľký Šariš. Retrieved 2019-09-05.

External linksEdit