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The Firenza is a model of car offered by Vauxhall from May 1971 until 1975. It was a development of the Viva, but had a distinctive coupé body style (fastback) and only two doors. In South Africa, it was sold as the Chevrolet Firenza until it was replaced by the Chevrolet 1300/1900 during 1975. Its name is derived from Firenze, the name of the Italian city known in English as Florence.
|Manufacturer||Vauxhall (General Motors)|
|Also called||Chevrolet Firenza (South Africa)|
|Production||1970 - 1975|
|Assembly||Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, England |
Port Elizabeth, South Africa
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupé|
|Engine||1159 cc ohv I4|
1256 cc ohv I4
1972 - 1975
1598 cc ohc I4
1798 cc ohc I4
1972 - 1975
1975 cc ohc I4
2279 cc ohc I4
1972 - 1975
|Transmission||4-speed manual all-synchromesh, 5-speed ZF manual all-synchromesh on HP Firenza|
The initial Firenza was available in a base model 1159 cc overhead valve and two models with overhead camshaft, in 1598 cc and 1975 cc variants. The latter was the same engine as used in the earlier Viva GT. Some six months after launch, in December 1971, performance was boosted when the engine capacities were enlarged to 1256 cc, 1798 cc and 2279 cc respectively. All models had a front-mounted four-cylinder engine driving the rear wheels. Suspension was double wishbone and coil springs at the front, and a live rear axle with trailing arms and coils at the rear. The SL model in each engine size carried the highest level of trim.
The model changes in early 1972 included the introduction of a top-of-the-line 2300 Sport SL model (introduced at the Geneva Motor Show), using the 2279 cc engine. The 2300 Sport SL was the only version to feature the seven dial dash (speedometer, clock, rev counter, fuel, oil pressure, water temp, & battery charge). The engine was an inclined four-cylinder with single overhead camshaft and twin Stromberg carburettors, producing 122 bhp (91 kW; 124 PS). The oversquare straight four engine was renowned for its big torque curve, making the car very flexible and easy to drive. The interior was equipped with bucket seats, front and back, to carry four persons. The centre console with heater controls and warning lights was quite distinctive and luxurious for the time.
In 1973, Vauxhall developed a restyled version of the Firenza, known officially as the High Performance (HP) Firenza, but known colloquially as the "droopsnoot" after its distinct aerodynamic nose. The nose was moulded from GRP, and featured two pairs of Cibié headlamps behind toughened glass covers. The overall look was somewhat reminiscent of the Renault Alpine A310, and used the same headlamp units. Several prototypes of the HP Firenza were considered with different types of front end treatment, requiring different degrees of change from the standard production front end, including cars known as Black Knight and Daytona, the latter for its resemblance to the Ferrari Daytona, a favourite of Wayne Cherry.
At that time, the original flat-fronted Firenza model was rebadged as the Magnum coupé, and the name Firenza was used exclusively for the HP version. This car was an exciting styling departure for Vauxhall, and certainly created something of a buzz. The engine was the 2.3-litre variant of the OHC Slant Four engine, uprated to a very torquey 131 bhp (98 kW) using a variety of parts developed by Blydenstein Racing. It had twin 175 Stromberg carburettors, high-lift camshaft and free-flow tubular exhaust manifold. The car was restyled on the David Jones original by American designer Wayne Cherry and the result was an exceptionally low drag coefficient for its time. Suspension was uprated and lowered, brakes uprated, and a 5-speed ZF dog leg gearbox was installed, a much stronger unit than fitted to the standard model (though rather noisy). Another unusual feature of the car was the alloy Avon Safety Wheels, which were designed to retain the tyre safely in the event of a puncture. This was the first car to use these wheels in production. All production cars were painted in the same colour - Silver Starfire, and featured a largely black interior with silver-grey cloth seats. An unusual interior feature of dubious utility was the passenger grab handle on the dash in place of the standard glovebox.
The car was launched to much publicity in a special one-off race at Thruxton circuit in Hampshire, with top drivers of the day taking part including Gerry Marshall and Barry "Whizzo" Williams, who won the race. However, the fuel crisis of the time meant that suddenly it became very hard to sell gas-guzzling cars like this (even though the aerodynamics increased fuel economy greatly, reducing the power needed to attain its top speed by some 30 hp), and coupled with some production line difficulties in actually building the car meant that sales and delivery were slow, and eventually just 204 examples were built, far short of the 30,000 projected. This very low volume was a disaster for Vauxhall, but it has led to the car becoming a very collectible classic.
The Firenza was also very successful in saloon car racing in the 1970s, especially in its Old Nail and Baby Bertha versions, piloted to great effect by Gerry Marshall.
Despite the low production run, the aerodynamic qualities and styling of the "droopsnoot" were incorporated, with improved productionisation, into most of Vauxhall's remaining 1970s new models: the Chevette, Cavalier and Carlton. The Firenza can be seen as a styling prototype for these models. Its influence can be judged from the fact that Ford adopted a very similar look for its Mk II RS2000 Escort and the 1982 Ford Sierra, which in turn were widely copied throughout the 1980s by others. For this reason, the HPF looks far less dated than many of its contemporaries.
In South Africa, the local GM subsidiary built the Viva two-door and four-door sedans as the Chevrolet Firenza from January 1971. A 1159 cc Vauxhall engine or a 2.5-litre Chevrolet inline-four, both locally made, were fitted. Two- or four-door sedans, a two-door coupé (2.5 only) and a three-door estate were available from the beginning. From 1973, the 1200 was replaced by the larger 1256 cc version. In 1974 the estate and coupé models were dropped. By 1975 only the de Luxe and SL models remained, with the two-door saloon only as a 1.3 de Luxe. The 2.5 was also available with an automatic transmission. The 2.5 SL received twin round headlamps, while the 1300 had single rectangular units. Firenza production ended in July 1975, with sales continuing at a trickle thereafter.
A limited edition version of the Firenza was built in South Africa known as the Chevrolet Can-Am (or the Little Chev) by South Africans using the 5-liter (302ci) V8 from the 1969 Chevrolet Camaro Z/28. In order for the car to qualify for racing, 100 had to be sold to the public, so only 100 were built.
In 1975, the Firenza was renamed the Chevrolet 1300. This was facelifted with large square front grille as well as a revised bumper and bonnet. A hatchback version of the Firenza, known as the Chevrolet Hatch, was introduced. This featured a tailgate and rear lights from the T-Car Vauxhall Chevette/Opel Kadett, which was not sold in South Africa, but was dropped in 1978.
- Top Speed: 120 mph (190 km/h) Top speed 2279cc engine : 121 mph (195 km/h)
- 0-60 mph (97 km/h): 8 seconds
- Economy: 25 miles per imperial gallon, manufacturer claimed 30 miles per imperial gallon at 70 miles per hour.
The Droopsnoot Firenza appeared in the computer game "The Getaway: Black Monday". It is located in a back street, near roadworks. It has a mainly white body, with green and red stripes running along the sides, accompanied by a large red Griffin.
The Droopsnoot Firenza's front end strongly influenced the design of the Arcadipane "Concorde" body kit marketed for the Ford Falcon (XB), famously portrayed by the Pursuit Special in the Mad Max films.
- Bulmer, Charles, ed. (4 December 1971). "Brief Test: Vauxhall Firenza". Motor. pp. 20–22.
- Vauxhall 93000 - HC Viva aka Chevrolet Firenza, 1300, 1900 & Hatch in South Africa, vauxpedianet.uk2sitebuilder.com Archived 11 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 10 September 2016
- Howard, Tony, ed. (December 1975). "New Car Sales: September 1975". SA Motor: 60.
- "Chev Firenza CanAm". africanmusclecars.com. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Hemmings Motor News, April 2019, page 709
- Fred Schnetler (1997). A Century of Cars. Tafelberg. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-624-03623-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vauxhall Firenza.|
- The Vauxhall Viva Owner's Club (Owner's Club catering for all Viva models)
- DroopSnoot Group (Owners' Club catering for Vauxhall's 'droopsnoot' model cars, including the Firenza, Magnum and Chevette HS/R)
- VBOA (Vauxhall, Bedford and Opel Association)
- Viva Outlaws (Owners Club catering for modified and racing Vivas, owners of the Viva GT Register)
- Viva Drivers Club (Owners Club catering for all Viva models, for owners who wish to drive their Vivas)