Valensole (French pronunciation: ​[valɑ̃sɔl]; Occitan: Valençòla) is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the southeastern Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of France. Its inhabitants are called Valensolais (masculine) and Valensolaises (feminine). The commune numbered 3,173 inhabitants as of 2019.

Valensole
Valençòla  (Occitan)
Lavender fields in Valensole
Lavender fields in Valensole
Coat of arms of Valensole
Location of Valensole
Valensole is located in France
Valensole
Valensole
Valensole is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Valensole
Valensole
Coordinates: 43°50′20″N 5°59′04″E / 43.8389°N 5.9844°E / 43.8389; 5.9844Coordinates: 43°50′20″N 5°59′04″E / 43.8389°N 5.9844°E / 43.8389; 5.9844
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentAlpes-de-Haute-Provence
ArrondissementForcalquier
CantonValensole
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Gérard Aurric[1]
Area
1
127.77 km2 (49.33 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
3,173
 • Density25/km2 (64/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
04230 /04210
Elevation290–651 m (951–2,136 ft)
(avg. 595 m or 1,952 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

The city itself, at 595 metres above sea level, is formed by an amphitheater on a hill between the Plateau de Valensole and the valley of Notre Dame. The commune is one of the most expansive of the region and contains many hamlets.

The river Asse forms most of the commune's northern border, then flows into the Durance, which forms all of its western border.

GeologyEdit

The beginning of the Tertiary era is marked by the lifting of the Pyrenees Mountains between 60 and 40 Ma. The repercussions of the lifting formed in the region of Valensole big mountains and little mountainous chains : Lure, Ventoux, Luberon, Nerthe, Étoile..., oriented east-west. During the Pyrenean raising, the Durance fault was active. The west lowered and the east raised, demarcating a vast river-lake zone : the Forcalquier basin, that receives, among others, the sediments coming from the east zone. For 15 thousand years, the Alps continue their formation. The powerful geologic movements accentuate again the east-west fold of the Provencal chains and mountains. The Durance fault is demonstrated once again. The occidental zone raises while the oriental zone sunk, forming a large depression in which waters of the ancestral torrents flowed, coming from south of the Estérel-Corso-Sarde Mountains. These powerful rivers, fed by violent climate phenomenons, transport large quantities of materials : pebbles, sand, clay, soluble limestone, taken into the depression where they accumulate to form an enormous deposit of Valensole's "poudingues", resulting from thousands of years of erosion in a karst environment.

Toward 8 Ma, the Estérel-corso-sardre mountain collapsed, isolating Corsica and Sardinia from the continent, which profoundly modified the hydrographic network. The rivers of Base-Provence that flow toward the plateau of Valensole and toward the Mediterranean Sea. The filling has followed from 5 or 6 thousand years. The visit deposit of Valensole is constituted by layers of pebbles more or less crude without the origins and the currents. The pebbles are cemented in different ways between the following - deposits, compressions, which demarcate the last layers and the layers most crumbly. The height of these deposits reach 838 meters toward Fourevière on the limit of the commune of the Mées and of Puimichel (between Guillot and the Allemands), and 400 meters on the heights of Volonne. Under the weight of this mass of materials, the terrestrial exterior sunk, that provokes movements of the deposit edge.

The levels move, tumble, subside, provoking folds and faults. The accumulation of conglomerates of Valensole spreads out for around 10 thousand years. Toward 3 Ma, the filling-in stopped.

The rivers will rearrange their valleys through the poudingue and the pluvial, glacial, fluvial, erosion will cut the relief of the plateau in forming small valleys and hills.

ReliefEdit

HydrographyEdit

EnvironmentEdit

ClimateEdit

TransportationEdit

Natural and technological risksEdit

Neighboring townsEdit

HamletsEdit

Town planningEdit


According to the terminology defined by Insee and the zoning published in 2020, Valensole is an urban municipality. It belongs to the monocomunal urban unit of Valensole, with 3 204 inhabitants in 2017, thus being an isolated town.

Perched villageEdit

ToponymyEdit

HistoryEdit

AntiquityEdit

The Middle AgesEdit

Modern timesEdit

French RevolutionEdit

Contemporary timesEdit

Politics and administrationEdit

Political tendencies and resultsEdit

List of mayorsEdit

TaxationEdit

Environment and recyclingEdit

Public servicesEdit

Population and societyEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17653,117—    
17933,532+13.3%
18063,566+1.0%
18213,281−8.0%
18313,521+7.3%
18363,284−6.7%
18413,135−4.5%
18463,049−2.7%
18513,151+3.3%
18563,134−0.5%
18613,072−2.0%
18663,021−1.7%
18723,186+5.5%
18763,065−3.8%
18813,020−1.5%
18862,907−3.7%
18912,807−3.4%
YearPop.±%
18962,624−6.5%
19012,550−2.8%
19062,509−1.6%
19112,357−6.1%
19211,917−18.7%
19261,924+0.4%
19311,960+1.9%
19361,966+0.3%
19461,790−9.0%
19541,784−0.3%
19621,712−4.0%
19681,791+4.6%
19751,721−3.9%
19821,944+13.0%
19902,202+13.3%
19992,334+6.0%
20082,875+23.2%

EducationEdit

Cultural manifestations and festivitiesEdit

HealthEdit

SportsEdit

EconomyEdit

AgricultureEdit

Industry and craftsEdit

Service activitiesEdit

Local culture and propertyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.