Uzda (Belarusian: Узда; Russian: Узда) is a city in the Minsk Region of Belarus. It is the administrative seat of Uzda District. As of 2009, its population was 10,000.[1] The town's name means "bridle."

Uzda

Узда
City
Orthodox Church of St. Peter and Paul
Orthodox Church of St. Peter and Paul
Coat of arms of Uzda
Coat of arms
Uzda is located in Belarus
Uzda
Uzda
Location of Uzda in Belarus
Coordinates: 53°27′58″N 27°13′28″E / 53.46611°N 27.22444°E / 53.46611; 27.22444Coordinates: 53°27′58″N 27°13′28″E / 53.46611°N 27.22444°E / 53.46611; 27.22444
Country
Region
District
 Belarus
Minsk Region
 Uzda District
Founded1450
Elevation
172 m (564 ft)
Population
 (2009)
 • Total10,000
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
223411
License plate5
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

Uzda was first referred to in 1450 as a country estate belonging to the Korsaks. From the second part of the sixteenth century, it belonged to the Kavechinskys, Zavishas, and Krasinskys. In 1574, Symon Budny spent time there working on a Bible publication. In 1793, it became a part of the Russian Empire. In 1798, the owner of the town, Kasimir Zaviha, built a wooden Catholic church named the Exaltation of the Holy Cross (preserved to the present day). At the time there was also a functioning Orthodox church named Saint Peter and Paul. In 1839–1849, the town had a printer, a school, four primary schools, a brewery, a mill, a pharmacy, a post office, 30 shops and a Sunday Fair. In 1886, it had a public college, a local board of administration, a school, a distillery, a brewery, a cloth factory, two mills, 24 shops, Orthodox and Catholic churches, a synagogue, a mosque, and three prayer houses. From 1894 to 1939, the population increased from 2,800 to 3,500 people. The Jewish population in Uzda in 1900 was assessed as 2,068 people.[2] On July 1, 1924, it was made the center of the Uzda district of the Minsk region. On June 28, 1941, it was occupied by Nazi Germany. About 5,600 people, including 1,740 Jews in the ghetto, were murdered.[3] On June 29, 1944, it was liberated by the 300th Voroshilov Partisan Brigade. On December 25, 1962, it was made a part of Dzerzhinsk district. On July 30, 1966, it became an independent district. Between 1970 and 1989, the population increased from 4,300 people to 9,500.

GeographyEdit

Uzda is located 72 km south-west of Minsk, 31 km from the town of Stoŭbcy, and 24 km from the town of Dzyarzhynsk. Both of these towns are crossed by the M1 highway (part of European route E30).

Notable peopleEdit

  • Moshe Feinstein, American Orthodox rabbi, came from this town, before emigrating to the United States
  • Devorah Baron, pioneering Jewish writer

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2009 statistics of Belarus Archived 30 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine (Belstat) (in Russian)
  2. ^ "JewishGen Locality Page - Uzda, Belarus". data.jewishgen.org. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  3. ^ http://www.yahadmap.org/#village/uzda-minsk-belarus.478

External linksEdit