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Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium belonging to the genus Ureaplasma and the family Mycoplasmataceae[1] in the order Mycoplasmatales. This family consists of the genera Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma. Its type strain is T960.

Ureaplasma urealyticum
Scientific classification
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Genus:
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U. urealyticum
Binomial name
Ureaplasma urealyticum
Shepard et al., 1974

Contents

ClassificationEdit

The six recognised Ureaplasma species have a GC content of 27 to 30 percent and a genome size ranging from 0.76 to 1.17 million base pairs, and cholesterol is required for growth.[2] A defining characteristic of the genus is that they perform urea hydrolysis. Some strains originally classified as U. urealyticum should be treated as a new species, U. parvum.[3]

Clinical relevanceEdit

U. urealyticum can cause urethritis and bacterial vaginosis.[4] It has also has been linked to infertility.[4] Infection can occur in extragenital sites.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ E.A. Freundt The classification of the pleuropneumonia group of organisms (Borrelomycetales) International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, 1955, 5, 67-78.] (See page 73)
  2. ^ "Ureaplasma urealyticum- Classification". Meducation.net.
  3. ^ a b "Ureaplasma Infection: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". 2017-11-17.
  4. ^ a b "Ureaplasma: Causes, symptoms, and treatment". Medical News Today. Retrieved 2019-04-23.

External linksEdit