Urad Middle Banner

Urad Middle Banner (Mongolian: ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ Урад-ун Думдаду Қосиу Urad-un Dumdadu Qosiɣu; simplified Chinese: 乌拉特中旗; traditional Chinese: 烏拉特中旗; pinyin: Wūlātè Zhōng Qí) is a banner of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. It is located in the west of the region, and administratively is part of Bayan Nur City. It has a total area of 22,606 square kilometres (8,728 sq mi) and in 2020 had a population of 112,159. Its seat is located in the town of Haliut [zh] (海流图镇).

Urad Middle Banner
乌拉特中旗 • ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
Urad Middle Banner is located in Inner Mongolia
Urad Middle Banner
Urad Middle Banner
Location in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 41°34′N 108°32′E / 41.567°N 108.533°E / 41.567; 108.533Coordinates: 41°34′N 108°32′E / 41.567°N 108.533°E / 41.567; 108.533
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionInner Mongolia
Prefecture-level cityBayannur
Area
 • Total22,820 km2 (8,810 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total112,159
 • Density4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

ClimateEdit

Urad Middle Banner has a monsoon-influenced, continental semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), barely avoiding arid designation, with very cold and dry winters, hot, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −13.3 °C (8.1 °F) in January to 22.9 °C (73.2 °F) in July, with the annual mean at 5.75 °C (42.3 °F). The annual precipitation is 199 mm (7.8 in), with more than half of it falling in July and August alone. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 65% in July to 76% in October, sunshine is abundant year-round, and there are 3,164 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Urad Middle Banner (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
13.7
(56.7)
22.0
(71.6)
29.9
(85.8)
33.7
(92.7)
37.2
(99.0)
38.7
(101.7)
35.2
(95.4)
34.0
(93.2)
24.8
(76.6)
15.1
(59.2)
8.0
(46.4)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
6.0
(42.8)
15.0
(59.0)
22.2
(72.0)
27.0
(80.6)
28.9
(84.0)
26.3
(79.3)
21.1
(70.0)
13.2
(55.8)
2.9
(37.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
12.5
(54.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.9
(46.2)
15.4
(59.7)
20.7
(69.3)
22.9
(73.2)
20.4
(68.7)
14.4
(57.9)
5.9
(42.6)
−4.1
(24.6)
−11.3
(11.7)
5.8
(42.3)
Average low °C (°F) −18.5
(−1.3)
−14.3
(6.3)
−7.4
(18.7)
0.8
(33.4)
8.2
(46.8)
13.7
(56.7)
16.7
(62.1)
14.5
(58.1)
8.2
(46.8)
0.0
(32.0)
−9.1
(15.6)
−16.2
(2.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
Record low °C (°F) −29.1
(−20.4)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−13.3
(8.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
3.7
(38.7)
8.9
(48.0)
5.0
(41.0)
−4.9
(23.2)
−14.3
(6.3)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−29.1
(−20.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.6
(0.06)
1.7
(0.07)
4.0
(0.16)
3.9
(0.15)
14.8
(0.58)
25.8
(1.02)
51.3
(2.02)
56.0
(2.20)
28.2
(1.11)
8.0
(0.31)
2.0
(0.08)
1.5
(0.06)
198.8
(7.82)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.0 1.9 2.3 2.1 3.8 6.2 10.6 9.9 5.2 3.1 1.7 1.7 50.5
Average relative humidity (%) 60 51 40 31 33 39 50 56 52 50 56 60 48
Mean monthly sunshine hours 220.7 217.6 264.6 282.1 321.6 311.9 298.5 286.0 276.7 258.6 217.7 208.1 3,164.1
Percent possible sunshine 75 73 72 71 72 69 65 67 74 76 74 73 71
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Inner Mongolia: Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  3. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.

External linksEdit