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The University System of Georgia (USG) is the government agency that includes 26 public institutions of higher learning in the U.S. state of Georgia. The system is governed by the Georgia Board of Regents. It sets goals and dictates general policy to educational institutions as well as administering Public Library Service of the state which includes 58 public library systems. The USG also dispenses public funds (allocated by the state's legislature) to the institutions but not the lottery-funded HOPE Scholarship. The USG is the sixth largest university system in the United States by total student enrollment, with 318,027 students in 28 public institutions. USG institutions are divided into four categories: research universities, regional comprehensive universities, state universities, and state colleges.

University System of Georgia
University system georgia logo.png
AbbreviationUSG
Formation1931
Purposeeducational oversight
HeadquartersAtlanta, Georgia, United States
Membership
28 public colleges and universities, with a combined endowment of approx. $2.5 billion
Chancellor
Steve Wrigley
Websitewww.usg.edu

The system is home to four research universities: Georgia Institute of Technology, University of Georgia, Augusta University and Georgia State University. The University of Georgia is the state and system's flagship university, the state's oldest institution of higher learning, and one of the state's two land-grant universities.[1][2] After its 2016 merger with Georgia Perimeter College, Georgia State University became the largest institution of higher learning in the USG, with over fifty thousand students. University of North Georgia is the state's designated military school. There are three historically black schools housed within the USG: Savannah State University, Albany State University, and the state's second land-grant university, Fort Valley State University.

In 2012, all USG institutions combined had a $14.1 billion economic impact on the state of Georgia. Georgia Tech in Atlanta and University of Georgia in nearby Athens had the largest impacts on their regional economies: $2.6 billion and 20,869 jobs at Georgia Tech and $2.2 billion and 22,196 jobs at the University of Georgia. Georgia State University's central campus in Atlanta had a $1.6 billion economic impact with 13,736 jobs; given its merger with Perimeter College, with an economic impact of $600 million, Georgia State's overall economic impact on the Atlanta metro area is $2.2 billion.[3][4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The University System of Georgia was created with the passage of the Reorganization Act of 1931 by the Georgia General Assembly in 1931. The Reorganization Act created a Board of Regents to oversee the state's colleges and universities and the 26 boards of trustees that had provided oversight over the various institutions before passage of the act.[5] The Board of Regents officially took office on January 1, 1932, and consisted of eleven members to be appointed by the Governor of Georgia pending approval from the Georgia Senate. The Governor held an ex officio position on the Board. The regents were to elect a chairman and select a secretary One regent was appointed from each of Georgia's ten congressional districts and the eleventh member was chosen at large.[5]

Governor initial appointees included Cason Jewell Callaway, Sr., Richard Russell Jr. (1897–1971), Martha Berry, Richard Russell Sr. (the governor's father), George C. Woodruff, William Dickson Anderson, Sr. (1873–1957), Egbert Erle Cocke, Sr. (1895–1977) and Philip Robert Weltner, Sr. (1887–1981). Anderson was elected chairman, Weltner vice-chairman and Cocke was appointed as the secretary/treasurer. Prior to the Reorganization Act, Georgia university chief executives held the title of chancellor; however, after the Act, University heads were given the title of president and a new chancellor position was created. The USG chancellor was selected and overseen by the board. At the request of the regents, Charles Snelling, the presiding head of the University of Georgia (UGA), stepped down from his position at UGA to become the initial chancellor of the entire system.[5]

The 1932 Annual Report for the Board stated outstanding debts of $1,074,415.[5] Over the next few years the USG endeavored to transform the state's institutions of higher learning, reorganizing schools, merging and closing others and transforming course offerings and curriculum.

Modern historyEdit

In 2011, Chancellor Hank Huckaby recommended four consolidations among eight institutions, which would be implemented in 2013. The same year, the Board of Regents adopted six "Principles for Consolidation", which has led to multiple consolidations in the subsequent years.[6] As of 2018, these consolidations have decreased the number of USG colleges and universities from 35 to 26.[7]

Former Institutions Successor Institution Date Effective Ref.
Gainesville State College University of North Georgia January 8, 2013 [8]
North Georgia College and State University
Augusta State University Georgia Regents University

(now Augusta University)

January 8, 2013 [8]
Georgia Health Sciences University
Waycross College South Georgia State College January 8, 2013 [8]
South Georgia College
Macon State College Middle Georgia State College

(now Middle Georgia State University)

January 8, 2013 [8]
Middle Georgia College
Kennesaw State University Kennesaw State University January 1, 2015 [9]
Southern Polytechnic State University
Georgia State University Georgia State University January 6, 2016 [10]
Georgia Perimeter College
Albany State University Albany State University January 1, 2017 [11]
Darton State College
Armstrong State University Georgia Southern University January 1, 2018 [12]
Georgia Southern University
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College January 1, 2018 [12]
Bainbridge State College

Additionally, the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography was aligned with the University of Georgia, which became effective July 1, 2013.[13]

In Fall 2018, the university system saw enrollment reach an all-time high of 328,712 students enrolled across the system's 26 colleges and universities.[14] On March 6, 2019, an Atlanta court upheld a USG policy barring unauthorized immigrants from attending Georgia State, Georgia Tech, and the University of Georgia.[15]

Georgia Research AllianceEdit

The Georgia Research Alliance is an Atlanta, Georgia-based nonprofit organization that coordinates research efforts between Georgia's public and private sectors. While GRA receives a state appropriation for investment in university-based research opportunities, its operations are funded through foundation and industry contributions. In its first 19 years, GRA leveraged $525 million in state funding into $2.6 billion of additional federal and private investment.

The Alliance has played a key role in building a reputation for Georgia as a center of discovery and invention, as evidenced by several major advances in science, medicine and technology. In 2007, GRA coalesced the strengths of several universities into a focused research effort built around new types of vaccines and therapeutics. As a result, Georgia is now leveraging these strengths and embarking on a major initiative to explore new ways to marshal the human immune system to fight disease.[16]

GRA Eminent Scholars

GRA Eminent Scholars are top scientists from around the world recruited by the Georgia Research Alliance. For each scholar, GRA invests $750,000 for an endowment, an amount that the research university matches in private funds on a minimum 1-1 basis. GRA also makes investments in developing the world-class research laboratories the scientists need. Eminent Scholars often bring a research team, significant federal funding and private support for their research. Georgia’s investment in GRA Eminent Scholars has yielded more than $1 billion in outside grants and contracts for the state and helped to launch some 35 companies.

GRA's Cancer Initiative

After 10 years as an independent nonprofit organization, the Georgia Cancer Coalition became an initiative of the Georgia Research Alliance on January 18, 2012. The move was part of a larger effort to align Georgia’s economic development assets in a more effective way.

Over the past decade, the Coalition has sparked discovery through its Distinguished Cancer Clinicians and Scientists; promoted cancer prevention and education through six regional coalitions; expanded access to cancer clinical trials through its partner enterprise, Georgia CORE; and coordinated development of a statewide tissue and tumor bank.

As a GRA initiative, the program will continue as its collaborative efforts to address some of the most pressing issues pertaining to cancer prevention, treatment and research.

GRA VentureLab

The Georgia Research Alliance set out to help launch companies around Georgian university research results, GRA launched its lead commercialization program, VentureLab, in 2002.[17]

GRA also works with established Georgia companies through the Georgia Department of Economic Development and the Georgia Centers of Innovation in aerospace, logistics, life sciences, energy, agriculture and advanced manufacturing. The COIs help find technology solutions to industry challenges, in part by connecting companies to leading-edge research at Georgia's universities.[citation needed]

From 2002 to 2010, GRA directed $19 million of state funding into VentureLab. During that time, more than 700 university inventions or discoveries have been evaluated for commercial potential. More than 107 active companies have been formed, which employ more than 650 Georgians. These companies have also attracted $460 million in equity investment and generated $77 million in revenue.[18]

GRA Centers of Research Excellence

To support each GRA program, the Alliance invests in advanced technology needed to make the breakthrough discoveries that lead to the launch of new companies and the creation of jobs. This combination of tools and scientific talent has made Georgia home to dozens of Centers of Research Excellence. Centers of Research Excellence are collaborative and individual efforts that focus on one area of scientific research.[19]

List of institutionsEdit

Institution Location Founded USG Designation[20] President[21] Current Enrollment[22]

(Fall 2018)

Budget[23]

(FY 2019)

Campus size as of 2012

(main campus only)

University of Georgia (UGA) Athens 1785 Research University, Flagship University[1][2] Jere W. Morehead 38,652 $1,480,381,228 759 acres (3.07 km2)
Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) Atlanta 1885 Research University G. P. "Bud" Peterson 32,723 $1,471,660,749 400 acres (1.6 km2)
Augusta University (formerly Medical College of Georgia) Augusta 1828 Research University Brooks A. Keel 9,072 $972,029,192 485 acres (1.96 km2)
Georgia State University (GA State) Atlanta 1913 Research University Mark P. Becker 52,814 $1,103,035,907 518 acres (2.10 km2)
Georgia Southern University (GSU) Statesboro 1906 Regional Comprehensive University Kyle L. Marrero 26,408 $473,815,730 700 acres (2.8 km2)
Kennesaw State University (KSU) Kennesaw 1963 Regional Comprehensive University Pamela S. Whitten 35,420 $566,696,464 384 acres (1.55 km2)
University of West Georgia Carrollton 1906 Regional Comprehensive University Micheal Crafton (interim) 13,733 $238,913,583 645 acres (2.61 km2)
Valdosta State University Valdosta 1906 Regional Comprehensive University Richard Carvajal 11,211 $187,040,771 168 acres (0.68 km2)
Albany State University Albany 1903 State University, HBCU Everette J. Freeman 6,371 $120,474,182 232 acres (0.94 km2)
Clayton State University Morrow 1969 State University Thomas J. "Tim" Hynes 7,038 $99,572,273 163 acres (0.66 km2)
Columbus State University Columbus 1958 State University Chris Markwood 8,076 $131,120,397 132 acres (0.53 km2)
Fort Valley State University Fort Valley 1895 State University, HBCU Paul Jones 2,776 $77,941,688 630 acres (2.5 km2)
Georgia College & State University (GCSU or Georgia College) Milledgeville 1889 State University Steve Dorman 6,989 $145,022,143 602 acres (2.44 km2)
Georgia Southwestern State University Americus 1906 State University Neal Weaver 2,907 $50,493,511 325 acres (1.32 km2)
Middle Georgia State Universityd (formerly Macon State College and Middle Georgia College) Macon 1884 State University Christopher Blake 7,802 $102,294,845 167 acres (0.68 km2)
Savannah State University Savannah 1890 State University, HBCU Cheryl D. Dozier (interim) 4,077 $107,093,413 165 acres (0.67 km2)
University of North Georgia (formerly North Georgia College and State University and Gainesville State College) Dahlonega 1873 State University Bonita Jacobs 19,722 $248,841,332 630 acres (2.5 km2)
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College Tifton 1908 State College David C. Bridges 4,291a $63,055,473 516 acres (2.09 km2)
Atlanta Metropolitan State College Atlanta 1974 State College Gary McGaha 2,187 $30,782,754 79 acres (0.32 km2)
College of Coastal Georgia Brunswick 1961 State College Gregory F. Aloia 3,546 $44,341,063 193 acres (0.78 km2)
Dalton State College Dalton 1963 State College John O. Schwenn 5,118 $51,173,951 146 acres (0.59 km2)
East Georgia State College Swainsboro 1973 State College Robert G. Boehmer 2,942 $35,176,363 227 acres (0.92 km2)
Georgia Gwinnett College Lawrenceville 2005 State College Stanley 'Stas' C. Preczewski 12,508 $167,320,694 250 acres (1.0 km2)
Georgia Highlands College Rome 1970 State College Donald Green 6,184 $52,256,610 200 acres (0.81 km2)
Gordon State College Barnesville 1852 State College Max Burns 3,663 $47,553,449 125 acres (0.51 km2)
South Georgia State College (formerly South Georgia College and Waycross College) Douglas 1906 State College Virginia M. Carson 2,482 $30,317,037 190 acres (0.77 km2)
  • ^a Enrollment dropped during the consolidation of Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College and Bainbridge State College when the technical academic programs at the formerly Bainbridge State College sites were transitioned to Southern Regional Technical College.[24]

USG designationsEdit

USG institutions are classified into various designations, which include[20]:

  • Research University- Doctoral-granting institutions classified by the Carnegie Classification as "very high" or "high" research activity (R1 and R2, respectively).
  • Regional Comprehensive University- Institutions that offer undergraduate and master's-level degrees with some master's-dominant graduate programs.
  • State University- Institutions that offer associate's, bachelor's, and master's degrees with limited, select doctoral programs.
  • State College- Institutions that offer bachelor's and associate's degrees with no graduate programs.

HBCU- Additionally, three USG institutions, all designated as State Universities, are designated as historically black colleges and universities. Of these, Fort Valley State University is the state's designated 1890 land-grant university.

USG schools ranked by academic measuresEdit

The institutions below are ranked by average SAT score of first-time freshman for the 2012-2013 academic year. A first-time freshman describes a student entering a 4-year college or university for the first time. These figures do not include transfer, dual enrolled, post-baccalaureate or non-traditional students. First-time freshman account for the majority of the student population at a 4-year college or university.[25] Two public institutions, the University of Georgia and Georgia Tech, are ranked in the top 100 in the annual U.S. News & World Report college rankings.[26]

(NOTE: The reported values are as reported by the USG's annual report, minor variations may exist when comparing to other college search publications such as Collegeboard)

Institution Average SAT(CR+Math) score of entering freshman(2012)[27] Average GPA of entering freshman(2012)[28] Average acceptance rate(2012)[29] 6-year graduation rates(2006-2012)[30] First-time freshman retention rate (2012)[29]
Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) 1365e 3.76c 55% 80.75% 95%
University of Georgia (UGA) 1238e 3.76d 56% 83.92% 94%
Georgia College and State University (Georgia College or GCSU) 1160 3.42 Not reported 75.46% 86%
Southern Polytechnic State University (SPSU) 1141 3.28 79% 48.75% 75%
University of North Georgia (UNG) 1117 3.51 56% 63.08% 78%
Georgia Southern University (GA Southern) 1115 3.18 52% 60.51% 77%
4-year institution USG average 1110 3.12 74%
Kennesaw State University (KSU) 1089 3.20 57% 51.47% 76%
Georgia State University (GSU) 1082 3.33 57% 57.77% 83%
Armstrong State University 1016 3.16 70% 40.86% 69%
Valdosta State University 1015 3.12 59% 52.32% 67%
National average 1010[31] 58%[32] 77.1%[33]
Columbus State University 987 3.10 53% 41.35% 67%
Georgia Southwestern State University 987 3.23 66% 39.85% 63%
Augusta State University 985 3.03 54% 33.96% 67%
University of West Georgia 965 3.08 56% 46.40% 70%
Clayton State University 947 3.0 39% 36.96% 66%
Albany State University 890 2.92 29% 46.01% 65%
Savannah State University 867 2.74 Not reported 38.02% 72%
Fort Valley State University 844 2.76 41% 33.82% 60%
  • ^c The average number of AP/IB/Dual Enrollment courses taken by a 2012 matriculating freshman at Georgia Tech was 7[34]
  • ^d The average number of AP/IB/Dual Enrollment courses taken by a 2012 matriculating freshman at University of Georgia was 6[35]
  • ^e SAT Subject tests are considered at this institution.

USG research universities ranked by endowment and research expenditureEdit

The four USG research universities participate in fairly distinct academic communities. The volumes of research at the University of Georgia and the Georgia Institute of Technology are consistently competitive with their peers[36]. Both schools are considered to be Public Ivies, a designation reserved for top public universities in the United States.

Rank of Federal Expenditure Institution Endowment Funds (2016)[37] Research Expenditure (Federal 2015)[38] Total research expenditure FY 2009[39] Institution research funds (NSF FY 2009)[39] Economic impact(2013)[40] Number of GRA Eminent Scholars(2013)[41] Number of GRA VentureLab companies(2013)[42] Number of Centers of Research Excellence(2013)[43] Graduate student enrollment (2012)
11 Georgia Institute of Technology $1,844 million $548 million $561,631,000 $167,766,000 $2,600 million 23 10 9 7,030
84 University of Georgia $1,017 million $128 million $349,730,000 $186,998,000 $2,300 million 15 4 7 8,260
100 Averagea $3,343 million $98 million
144 Augusta University $121 million $51 million $65,473,000 $20,581,000 $1,800 million 6 1 3 6,245
164 Georgia State University $186 million $37 million $60,557,000 $27,975,000 $1,600 million 5 0 3 7,427
  • Emory University hosts 14 GRA eminent scholars. Emory is a private school and not a part of the state-supported University System of Georgia. Emory is home to 3 GRA VentureLab companies and a fourth in collaboration with Georgia Tech. Emory is a member of 8 Centers for Research Excellence. Emory usually partners with a USG research university in forming Centers of Research Excellence.
  • ^a Average considers the endowment funds of the 120 degree-granting postsecondary institutions with the largest endowments. 'Average' considers the 100th highest federal research expenditure in the 2017 report of the Top American Research Universities.
  • Augusta University values do not reflect the combined numbers from the 2013 Augusta State University merger.

Rank of Georgian College and Universities by Rhodes Scholars (private and public)Edit

50 Rhodes Scholars came from a Georgia college or University.

Rank Institution Number of Rhodes Scholars[44]
1 University of Georgia 22
2 Emory University f 17
3 Morehouse College f 4
4 Georgia Institute of Technology 3
5 Mercer University f 2
6 Agnes Scott College f 1
7 Berry College f 1
  • ^f Private Institution not affiliated with USG.

Rank of Georgian College and Universities by Truman Scholars (private and public)Edit

Since the scholarship was enacted in 1977, 53 Truman Scholars came from a Georgian college or University. 25 scholars came from a USG institution.

Rank Institution Number of Truman Scholars[45]
1 University of Georgia 17
2 Spelman College f 11
3 Georgia Institute of Technology 7
4 Emory University f 9
5 Agnes Scott College f 5
6 Mercer University f 1
7 Morehouse College f 2
8 University of West Georgia 1

Rank of Georgian College and Universities by Marshall Scholars (private and public)Edit

The University of Georgia and Georgia Tech rank among top 10 public universities receiving Marshall scholars. Since 2001, Georgia Tech students have received 8 Marshall Scholarships and UGA has received 5 ranking 2nd and 6th respectively for most Marshall Scholars.[46]

Rank Institution Number of Marshall Scholars[44]
1 Georgia Institute of Technology 8
2 University of Georgia 5
3 Georgia College & State University 1

Rank of Georgian College and Universities by Fulbright Scholars (private and public)Edit

In 2012, University of Georgia and Emory University ranked in the top percentile of doctoral/research institutions producing Fulbright Scholars.[47] 38 Fulbright scholars came from Georgian institutions.

Rank Institution Number of Fulbright scholars(2012-2013)[48][49][50]
1 University of Georgia 13
2 Emory University f 11
3 Spelman College f 5
4 Agnes Scott College f 4
5 Georgia Institute of Technology 2
6 Mercer University f 2
7 Georgia College & State University 1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Statement on UGA President Mike Adams". University System of Georgia. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "UGA/GRU Medical Partnership: About". University System of Georgia. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  3. ^ "State's 31 Public Colleges and Universities Have a $14.1 Billion Economic Impact - Newsroom - University System of Georgia". Retrieved September 22, 2014.
  4. ^ "Quick Facts - Perimeter College".
  5. ^ a b c d Fincher, Cameron (2003). Historical Development of the University System of Georgia: 1932-2002 (2nd ed.). Athens, Georgia: Institute of Higher Education, University of Georgia. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-880647-06-6.
  6. ^ "Serving Our Students and State | Campus Consolidations | University System of Georgia". www.usg.edu. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  7. ^ "Board of Regents Finalizes Consolidations | Communications | University System of Georgia". www.usg.edu. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d "Board of Regents finalizes consolidations, appoints presidents | Communications | University System of Georgia". www.usg.edu. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  9. ^ "Regents Approve Kennesaw State, Southern Polytechnic Consolidation | Communications | University System of Georgia". www.usg.edu. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  10. ^ "Board of Regents Finalizes Consolidation of Georgia State University and Georgia Perimeter College | Communications | University System of Georgia". www.usg.edu. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  11. ^ "Board of Regents Finalizes Consolidation of Albany State University and Darton State College". www.usg.edu. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Board of Regents Finalizes Consolidations | Communications | University System of Georgia". www.usg.edu. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  13. ^ "Regents Align Skidaway Institute of Oceanography with UGA | Communications | University System of Georgia". www.usg.edu. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  14. ^ "University System of Georgia enrollment increases to all-time high". WALB. November 8, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  15. ^ Rankin, Bill; Stirgus, Eric (March 6, 2019). "Atlanta court upholds University System ban on unauthorized immigrants". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  16. ^ "About us". GRA. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  17. ^ "GRA helps fuel the launch of companies". Georgia Research Alliance. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  18. ^ "VentureLab: A pipeline of opportunity". Georgia Research Alliance. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  19. ^ "Program Inititatives". GRA. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  20. ^ a b "Board Meeting - May 2013" (PDF). University System of Georgia. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  21. ^ "USG Institutions - University System of Georgia". www.usg.edu.
  22. ^ "Semester Enrollment Report Fall 2018" (PDF). usg.edu. October 29, 2018. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  23. ^ "University System of Georgia All Budgets For Fiscal Year 2019" (PDF). USG 2019 Budget release. University System of Georgia. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  24. ^ "Fall 2018 Semester Enrollment Report Enrollment, FTE, and Full-Time Status" (PDF). USG 2016 Enrollment Report. University System of Georgia. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  25. ^ "Glossary of Terms and Services". USC. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  26. ^ "National University Rankings". 2014 Rankings. US News & World Report. Archived from the original on May 21, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  27. ^ "USG 2012 SAT Scores: First - Time Freshmen - SER Definition who Matriculated in Fall 2012" (PDF). University System of Georgia. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 7, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  28. ^ "High School GPA for First - Time Freshmen - IPEDS Definition" (PDF). University System of Georgia. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 8, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  29. ^ a b "2012 Big Future: College Search". Collegeboard. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  30. ^ "USG: By the Numbers". University System of Georgia. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  31. ^ "Average Scores". Collegeboard. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  32. ^ "Fast Facts". NCES. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  33. ^ "Retention Rates - First-Time College Freshmen Returning Their Second Year". HigherEd Today. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  34. ^ "Freshman Application". Georgia Institute of Technology. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
  35. ^ "First Year Class Profile". University of Georgia. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
  36. ^ "The Top American Research Universities: 2017 Annual Report" (PDF). ASU. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  37. ^ "Table 333.90 Endowment funds of the 120 degree-granting postsecondary institutions with the largest endowments". NCES Digest of Education Statistics. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  38. ^ "The Top American Research Universities: 2017 Annual Report" (PDF). ASU. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  39. ^ a b "TABLE 26. R&D expenditures at universities and colleges, by state, control, institution, and science and engineering field: FY 2009" (PDF). National Science Foundation. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  40. ^ "State's 31 Public Colleges and Universities Have a $14.1 Billion Economic Impact". University System of Georgia. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  41. ^ "Scholars". Georgia Research Alliance. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  42. ^ "VentureLabs". Georgia Research Alliance. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  43. ^ "Research Centers". Georgia Research alliance. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  44. ^ a b "The Rhodes Scholarships". Rhode Scholars.
  45. ^ "Meet Our Scholars". Truman.gov. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  46. ^ "State University Leaders in Recent Marshall Scholarships". Public University honors. November 27, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
  47. ^ (PDF). Chronicle of Higher Education http://us.fulbrightonline.org/uploads/files/top_producing/2012-13/doctoral2012.pdf. Retrieved May 3, 2013. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  48. ^ "DOCTORAL/RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS RECEIVING FULBRIGHT AWARDS FOR 2012 ‐ 2013" (PDF). us.fulbrightonline.org. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
  49. ^ "MASTER'S INSTITUTIONS RECEIVING FULBRIGHT AWARDS FOR 2012 ‐ 2013" (PDF). fulbrightonline.org. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
  50. ^ "BACHELOR'S INSTITUTIONS RECEIVING FULBRIGHT AWARDS FOR 2012 ‐ 2013" (PDF). Fulbright. Retrieved May 3, 2013.

External linksEdit