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1928 United States presidential election in New York

The 1928 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 6, 1928. All contemporary 48 states were part of the 1928 United States presidential election. New York voters chose 45 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

1928 United States presidential election in New York

← 1924 November 6, 1928 1932 →
Turnout68.3%[1] Increase 12.0 pp
  Herbert Hoover - NARA - 532049.tif AlfredSmith.png
Nominee Herbert Hoover Al Smith
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California New York
Running mate Charles Curtis Joseph T. Robinson
Electoral vote 45 0
Popular vote 2,193,344 2,089,863
Percentage 49.79% 47.44%

New york presidential results 1928.svg
County Results
  Smith—60-70%
  Smith—50-60%
  Smith—<50%
  Hoover—50-60%
  Hoover—60-70%
  Hoover—70-80%

President before election

Calvin Coolidge
Republican

Elected President

Herbert Hoover
Republican

New York was won by Republican Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover of California, who was running against Democratic Governor of New York Alfred E. Smith. Hoover's running mate was Senate Majority Leader Charles Curtis of Kansas, while Smith's running mate was Senator Joseph Taylor Robinson of Arkansas.

Hoover won with a plurality of 49.79% of the vote to Smith's 47.44%, a margin of 2.35%. Socialist candidate Norman Thomas finished a distant third, with 2.44%.

Although New York was Al Smith's home state and he had been elected governor there, the 1920s were a fiercely Republican decade in American politics, and New York in that era was a fiercely Republican state in presidential elections. In 1928, Herbert Hoover was winning the third consecutive nationwide Republican landslide, and the economic boom and social good feelings of the Roaring Twenties under popular Republican leadership proved too much for Smith to overcome both nationally and in his home state.

However Smith's performance in New York was still impressive in the context of the 1920s, and highly significant in shaping the state's political development. In the elections preceding 1928, New York had been more Republican than the nation as a whole, even in the nationwide Republican landslides of 1920 and 1924. Smith's narrow 2-point defeat in the midst of the nationwide Republican landslide of 1928 made New York State a whopping 15% more Democratic than the national average.

Smith's 47.44% was also the highest vote share percentage a Democratic presidential candidate had received in New York State since former New York Governor Grover Cleveland won the state in 1892.

Smith dramatically improved upon how Democrats before him had done, and laid the groundwork for turning the state Democratic in 1932 and beyond. In 1920 and 1924, Republicans had swept every county in New York State and Democrats had received less than 30% of the vote. In 1928, Smith came within 2 points of winning the state by sweeping all 5 boroughs of heavily populated New York City, winning the state capital of Albany and Albany County along with neighboring Rensselaer County, and winning two counties in northern New York along the Saint Lawrence River, Clinton County and Franklin County.

Key to Smith's strength in New York State was his sweep of the massively populated 5 boroughs of New York City. A New York City native, Smith took over 60% of the vote in Manhattan and the Bronx, and also won majorities in Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. Up to this point, 1928 was the strongest victory ever for a Democrat in NYC. Smith, a Roman Catholic of Irish, Italian, and German immigrant heritage, held special appeal to Catholic and ethnic immigrant communities that populated cities like New York and Boston. The first Catholic to be nominated on a major-party ticket, Smith's Catholicism would severely weaken his candidacy in many rural parts of the country, especially in the South, but would prove an asset in appealing to voters in New York.

The urban, ethnic coalition that delivered New York City to Al Smith would prove to be a harbinger of long-term realignment of both the city and the state toward the Democratic Party. 1928 began a Democratic winning streak in New York City that has never been broken since, as New York would be solidified as one of the most Democratic cities in the United States, and a major obstacle to overcome for any Republican seeking to compete in New York State. 1928 also turned the state capital of Albany, which had previously been a Republican city, into a Democratic bastion in upstate New York.

Hoover for his part was able to hold on to New York State's electoral votes in 1928 by sweeping much of traditionally staunchly Republican upstate New York and Long Island. In addition, the turnout and margins were not yet there in New York City to overcome Republican dominance in the rest of the state. In 1932, Franklin Roosevelt would build on Smith's coalition to flip New York State into the Democratic column, winning the state with virtually the same county map as Smith, but with stronger margins and turnout.

ResultsEdit

1928 United States presidential election in New York[2]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Herbert Hoover 2,193,344 49.79% 45
Democratic Alfred E. Smith 2,089,863 47.44% 0
Socialist Norman Thomas 107,332 2.44% 0
Communist William Z. Foster 10,876 0.25% 0
Socialist Labor Verne L. Reynolds 4,211 0.10% 0
Totals 4,405,626 100.0% 45

County ResultsEdit

Counties Region Dem Rep Ind Oth Total MV MV%
Albany Capitol 62,380 48,762 2,223 72 113,437 (13,618) -12.00%
Allegany Western 3,491 15,306 588 14 19,399 11,815 60.91%
Bronx NYC 232,766 98,636 8,904 3,641 343,947 (134,130) -39.00%
Broome Southern 19,563 39,860 1,552 117 61,092 20,297 33.22%
Cattaraugus Western 10,229 22,135 602 35 33,001 11,906 36.08%
Cayuga Central 11,787 20,202 512 24 32,525 8,415 25.87%
Chautauqua Western 13,223 38,220 1,002 139 52,584 24,997 47.54%
Chemung Southern 12,189 25,029 109 27 37,354 12,840 34.37%
Chenango Southern 3,986 13,955 122 10 18,073 9,969 55.16%
Clinton North C. 10,888 7,824 57 2 18,771 (3,064) -16.32%
Columbia Capitol 6,403 14,000 186 23 20,612 7,597 36.86%
Cortland Central 3,662 11,960 234 13 15,869 8,298 52.29%
Delaware Southern 4,362 16,225 46 12 20,645 11,863 57.46%
Dutchess Hudson V. 16,748 28,687 1,300 66 46,801 11,939 25.51%
Erie Western 126,449 144,726 10,118 496 281,789 18,277 6.49%
Essex North C. 5,291 10,462 17 15,770 5,171 32.79%
Franklin North C. 9,501 9,495 47 2 19,045 (6) -0.03%
Fulton Mohawk V. 5,728 15,043 334 34 21,139 9,315 44.07%
Genesee Finger L. 5,181 13,251 739 24 19,195 8,070 42.04%
Greene Capitol 4,440 9,529 308 8 14,285 5,089 35.62%
Hamilton North C. 952 1,399 0 2,351 447 19.01%
Herkimer Mohawk V. 10,654 18,624 412 19 29,709 7,970 26.83%
Jefferson North C. 12,908 26,361 402 24 39,695 13,453 33.89%
Kings NYC 404,393 245,622 24,888 4,934 679,837 (158,771) -23.35%
Lewis North C. 4,161 7,175 4 4 11,344 3,014 26.57%
Livingston Finger L. 5,545 11,632 968 15 18,160 6,087 33.52%
Madison Central 5,217 14,333 280 21 19,851 9,116 45.92%
Monroe Finger L. 73,759 99,803 5,180 336 179,078 26,044 14.54%
Montgomery Mohawk V. 9,845 15,257 178 29 25,309 5,412 21.38%
Nassau Long Is. 40,079 71,015 1,901 145 113,140 30,936 27.34%
New York NYC 317,227 186,396 15,076 2,859 521,558 (130,831) -25.08%
Niagara Western 16,881 33,229 2,302 41 52,453 16,348 31.17%
Oneida Mohawk V. 38,231 44,782 1,684 89 84,786 6,551 7.73%
Onondaga Central 54,706 76,278 2,559 173 133,716 21,572 16.13%
Ontario Finger L. 8,491 17,769 955 10 27,225 9,278 34.08%
Orange Hudson V. 19,047 37,334 1,817 42 58,240 18,287 31.40%
Orleans Finger L. 3,792 9,828 652 20 14,292 6,036 42.23%
Oswego Central 11,639 21,849 418 24 33,930 10,210 30.09%
Otsego Mohawk V. 6,006 18,286 298 16 24,606 12,280 49.91%
Putnam Hudson V. 2,278 4,534 161 8 6,981 2,256 32.32%
Queens NYC 184,640 158,505 1,886 525 345,556 (26,135) -7.56%
Rensselaer Capitol 33,094 32,370 638 89 66,191 (724) -1.09%
Richmond NYC 28,945 24,995 252 42 54,234 (3,950) -7.28%
Rockland Hudson V. 9,769 15,732 513 58 26,072 5,963 22.87%
Saratoga Capitol 12,247 19,183 722 35 32,187 6,936 21.55%
Schenectady Capitol 21,277 29,428 1,183 121 52,009 8,151 15.67%
Schoharie Mohawk V. 2,926 6,906 357 20 10,209 3,980 38.99%
Schuyler Southern 1,731 4,749 103 4 6,587 3,018 45.82%
Seneca Finger L. 3,873 7,911 147 7 11,938 4,038 33.82%
St. Lawrence North C. 12,567 25,804 562 27 38,960 13,237 33.98%
Steuben Southern 10,699 28,028 1,694 45 40,466 17,329 42.82%
Suffolk Long Is. 19,497 41,199 2,544 75 63,315 21,702 34.28%
Sullivan Hudson V. 6,207 10,331 284 39 16,861 4,124 24.46%
Tioga Southern 2,779 9,963 198 18 12,958 7,184 55.44%
Tompkins Central 5,114 14,471 244 37 19,866 9,357 47.10%
Ulster Hudson V. 14,200 25,418 1,024 53 40,695 11,218 27.57%
Warren Capitol 6,793 11,697 29 18,519 4,904 26.48%
Washington Capitol 7,221 15,499 428 15 23,163 8,278 35.74%
Wayne Finger L. 5,338 18,187 603 27 24,155 12,849 53.19%
Westchester Hudson V. 80,926 109,939 4,408 271 195,544 29,013 14.84%
Wyoming Finger L. 3,992 10,830 326 4 15,152 6,838 45.13%
Yates Finger L. 1,950 7,386 52 7 9,395 5,436 57.86%
2,089,863 2,193,344 107,332 15,087 4,405,626 103,481 2.35%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, part 2, p. 1072.
  2. ^ "1928 Presidential Election Results - New York". Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2013-07-27.