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Union Parish, Louisiana

Union Parish (French: Paroisse de l'Union) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,721.[1] The parish seat is Farmerville.[2] The parish was created on March 13, 1839, from a section of Ouachita Parish. Its boundaries have changed four times since then (in 1845, 1846, 1867, and 1873, respectively).[3]

Union Parish
Parish of Union
Union Parish Courthouse in Farmerville
Union Parish Courthouse in Farmerville
Map of Louisiana highlighting Union Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°50′N 92°23′W / 32.83°N 92.38°W / 32.83; -92.38
Country United States
State Louisiana
FoundedMarch 13, 1839
Named forUnion of American states
SeatFarmerville
Largest townFarmerville
Area
 • Total905 sq mi (2,340 km2)
 • Land877 sq mi (2,270 km2)
 • Water28 sq mi (70 km2)  3.06%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total22,721
 • Estimate 
(2018)
22,330
 • Density25/sq mi (9.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Lake D'Arbonne west of Farmerville.
Union General Hospital in Farmerville.

Union Parish is part of the Monroe, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Union Parish/Union County monumentEdit

In 1931, a monument was erected at the Union Parish border with Union County, Arkansas, through the private efforts of former Arkansas Governor George Washington Donaghey (1856–1937).[4] He was born in Union Parish and grew up in the border area before moving with his family as a teenager to Conway, Arkansas. As governor of Arkansas, Donaghey oversaw the construction of the state capitol building in Little Rock and implemented founding of the state health unit and its agricultural colleges.

Long having felt a kinship to both states, after his gubernatorial tenure Donaghey commissioned a park on the border land and a monument. The monument is known for its intricate carvings and Art Deco style. It includes references to different modes of transportation in 1831 and 1931 and mentions Louisiana Governor Huey P. Long, Jr., whose educational program Donaghey admired. The land was not registered with the state parks offices in either state, timber companies cut trees thereabouts, and the monument was forgotten. In 1975, State Representative Louise B. Johnson gained passage of a law to refurbish the monument. A completed restoration was unveiled in 2009.[4]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 905 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 877 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 28 square miles (73 km2) (3.1%) is water.[5]

Geographically, north central Louisiana closely resembles Lincoln Parish, to which Union Parish is deeply tied culturally, politically, and educationally. The Piney Hills country is very different from the flat, hardwood delta lands of northeastern Louisiana.

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent parishes and countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18401,838
18508,203346.3%
186010,38926.6%
187011,68512.5%
188013,52615.8%
189017,30427.9%
190018,5207.0%
191020,45110.4%
192019,621−4.1%
193020,7315.7%
194020,9431.0%
195019,141−8.6%
196017,624−7.9%
197018,4474.7%
198021,16714.7%
199020,690−2.3%
200022,80310.2%
201022,721−0.4%
Est. 201822,330[6]−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 22,803 people, 8,857 households, and 6,412 families residing in the parish. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 10,873 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 69.79% White, 27.95% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,857 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the parish the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $29,061, and median income of a family was $36,035. Males had a median income of $30,494 versus $21,070 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,819. About 14.30% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.60% of those under age 18 and 17.70% of those age 65 or over.

PoliticsEdit

Located in far northern Louisiana next to the Arkansas state line, Union Parish is heavily Republican in most competitive elections, particularly at the presidential level. In 2012, Mitt Romney received 7,561 votes (70.2 percent) of the parish total to 3,075 (28.6 percent) for U.S. President Barack Obama.[12]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 73.2% 7,972 24.7% 2,691 2.1% 231
2012 70.2% 7,561 28.6% 3,075 1.2% 130
2008 70.1% 7,619 28.6% 3,103 1.3% 146
2004 69.6% 7,457 28.8% 3,089 1.6% 172
2000 61.8% 5,772 34.3% 3,205 3.9% 366
1996 46.3% 4,418 44.6% 4,260 9.1% 865
1992 44.0% 4,434 39.8% 4,005 16.2% 1,630
1988 63.0% 5,900 34.3% 3,210 2.8% 259
1984 67.7% 6,585 30.0% 2,916 2.3% 222
1980 55.8% 5,130 41.8% 3,841 2.5% 227
1976 52.4% 4,139 45.5% 3,600 2.1% 166
1972 70.2% 4,322 23.8% 1,465 6.0% 370
1968 16.5% 1,113 19.8% 1,336 63.7% 4,297
1964 79.7% 4,534 20.3% 1,155
1960 49.6% 2,017 25.5% 1,034 24.9% 1,012
1956 40.5% 1,384 25.7% 878 33.8% 1,156
1952 48.0% 1,894 52.0% 2,055
1948 9.1% 259 25.4% 724 65.6% 1,873
1944 31.3% 803 68.7% 1,765
1940 11.6% 371 88.5% 2,842
1936 13.3% 272 86.7% 1,778
1932 2.5% 58 97.5% 2,285
1928 28.0% 422 71.9% 1,085 0.1% 2
1924 0.8% 7 99.1% 875 0.1% 1
1920 7.4% 98 92.6% 1,221
1916 2.0% 22 98.0% 1,106 0.1% 1
1912 1.4% 11 87.7% 696 11.0% 87

EducationEdit

Residents are assigned to Union Parish Public Schools.

CommunitiesEdit

 
Map of Union Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

TownsEdit

VillagesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Notable peopleEdit

Two Louisiana governors came from the Shiloh Community in Union Parish:

Two Arkansas governors were natives of Union Parish:

Other Union Parish residents have included:

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

Many facts concerning events in early Union Parish history come from the conveyance, probate, and lawsuit records on file in the Union Parish courthouse, as well as records of the United States Land Offices available in the National Archives. Other sources include:

1) Williams, E. Russ, Jr., Spanish Poste d’Ouachita: The Ouachita Valley in Colonial Louisiana 1783–1804, and Early American Statehood, 1804–1820, Williams Genealogical Publications, Monroe, LA, 1995.

2) Williams, E. Russ, Jr., Encyclopedia of Individuals and Founding Families of the Ouachita Valley of Louisiana From 1785 to 1850: Organized into Family Groups with Miscellaneous Materials on Historical Events, Places, and Other Important Topics, Part Oe A – K, Williams Genealogical and Historical Publications, Monroe, LA, 1996.

3) Williams, E. Russ, Jr., Encyclopedia of Individuals and Founding Families of the Ouachita Valley of Louisiana From 1785 to 1850: Organized into Family Groups with Miscellaneous Materials on Historical Events, Places, and Other Important Topics, Part Two L – O, Williams Genealogical and Historical Publications, Monroe, LA, 1997.

4) Williams, Max Harrison, Union Parish (Louisiana) Historical Records: Police Jury Minutes, 1839–1846, D’Arbonne Research and Publishing Co., Farmerville, LA, 1993.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ a b "Matthew Hamil, "Monument Forgotten by Time"". Monroe News Star, August 31, 2009. Archived from the original on September 3, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Union Parish presidential election returns, November 6, 2012". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  14. ^ "Membership of the Louisiana House of Representatives, 1812-2012" (PDF). legis.la.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  15. ^ "Bolton, George Washington". Louisiana Historical Association: A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  16. ^ "Dr. Grady A. Dugas". The Monroe News-Star. March 26, 2007. Archived from the original on February 18, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  17. ^ "Harvey Goodwyn Fields, Sr". findagrave.com. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  18. ^ "Louisiana: McCallum, Jay Bowen", Who's Who in American Politics, 2003-2004, 19th ed., Vol. 1 (Alabama-Montana) (Marquis Who's Who: New Providence, New Jersey, 2003), p. 787
  19. ^ Henry E. Chambers, "Robert Roberts, Jr.", A History of Louisiana, Vol. 2 (Chicago and New York City, American Historical Society, Inc., 1925), pp. 21-22
  20. ^ "Greg Hilburn, State honors the late Rep. Smith with bridge renaming, September 12, 2013". Monroe News-Star. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  21. ^ "Thomas, Lee Emmett". Louisiana Historical Association, A Directory of Louisiana Biography (lahistory.org). Archived from the original on September 23, 2010. Retrieved December 29, 2010.

Coordinates: 32°50′N 92°23′W / 32.83°N 92.38°W / 32.83; -92.38