Uniform Crime Reports
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The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program compiles official data on crime in the United States, published by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). UCR is "a nationwide, cooperative statistical effort of nearly 18,000 city, university and college, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies voluntarily reporting data on crimes brought to their attention".
|Federal Bureau of Investigation|
Badge of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
|Common name||Federal Bureau of Investigation|
|Motto||Fidelity, Bravery, Integrity|
|Formed||July 26, 1908|
|Employees||35,104 (October 31, 2014)|
|Annual budget||US$8.3 billion (FY 2014)|
|Operations jurisdiction||United States|
|Legal jurisdiction||As per operations jurisdiction|
|Governing body||U.S. Department of Justice|
|Headquarters||J. Edgar Hoover Building|
Northwest, Washington, D.C.
|Sworn members||13,260 (October 31, 2014)|
|Unsworn members||18,306 (October 31, 2014)|
|Field offices||56 (List of FBI Field Offices)|
Crime statistics are compiled from UCR data and published annually by the FBI in the Crime in the United States series.
The FBI does not collect the data itself. Rather, law enforcement agencies across the United States provide the data to the FBI, which then compiles the Reports.
The Uniform Crime Reporting program began in 1929, and since then has become an important source of crime information for law enforcement, policymakers, scholars, and the media. The UCR Program consists of four parts:
- Traditional Summary Reporting System (SRS) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) – Offense and arrest data
- Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA) Program
- Hate Crime Statistics Program – hate crimes
- Cargo Theft Reporting Program – cargo theft
The FBI publishes annual data from these collections in Crime in the United States, Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, and Hate Crime Statistics.
senting 93 percent of the population in 46 states and the District of Columbia. While nationally reporting is not mandated, many states have instituted laws requiring law enforcement within those states to provide UCR data.
Each month, law enforcement agencies report the number of known index crimes in their jurisdiction to the FBI. This mainly includes crimes reported to the police by the general public, but may also include crimes that police officers discover, and known through other sources. Law enforcement agencies also report the number of crime cases cleared.
UCR crime categoriesEdit
- Televisions, Radios, Stereos, Etc.
- Household goods
- Consumable goods
The FBI began recording arson rates, as part of the UCR, in 1979. This report details arsons of the following property types:
- Single Occupancy Residential (houses, townhouses, duplexes, etc.)
- Other Residential (apartments, tenements, flats, hotels, motels, dormitories, etc.)
- Storage (barns, garages, warehouses, etc.)
- Other Commercial (stores, restaurants, offices, etc.)
- Community/Public (churches, jails, schools, colleges, hospitals, etc.)
- All Other Structures (out buildings, monuments, buildings under construction, etc.)
- Motor Vehicles (automobiles, trucks, buses, motorcycles, etc.)
- Other Mobile Property (trailers, recreational vehicles, airplanes, boats, etc.)
- Other (crops, timber, fences, signs, etc.)
The UCR itself warns that it reflects crime reports by police, not later adjudication.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 2016-09-02.
- "Summary of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program". fbi.gov. 1987-09-30. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Frequently Asked Questions. Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, D.C.. Uniform Crime Reports. Retrieved on 2008-03-30.
- UCR and NIBRS Participation Archived 2006-04-25 at the Wayback Machine. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Washington, D.C. Retrieved on 2008-03-30.