Umba (Russian: Умба) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Tersky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Kola Peninsula at the point where the Umba River flows into the Kandalaksha Gulf. Population: 5,532 (2010 Russian census);[5] 6,497 (2002 Census);[6] 8,309 (1989 Soviet census).[7]

Coat of arms of Umba
Location of Umba
Umba is located in Russia
Location of Umba
Umba is located in Murmansk Oblast
Umba (Murmansk Oblast)
Coordinates: 66°41′22″N 34°20′49″E / 66.6894444°N 34.3469444°E / 66.6894444; 34.3469444
Federal subjectMurmansk Oblast
Administrative districtTersky District
5 m (16 ft)
 • Total5,532
 • Estimate 
4,578 (−17.2%)
 • Municipal districtTersky Municipal District
 • Urban settlementUmba Urban Settlement
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[3])
Postal code(s)[4]
184701–184703Edit this on Wikidata
Dialing code(s)+7 81559
OKTMO ID47620151051
View of Umba

History edit

First mentioned in 1466, Umba, along with Varzuga, is the first documented permanent Russian settlement on the Kola Peninsula.[8] From the second half of the 15th century it served as the seat of Umbskaya Volost.

Politics and society edit

Umba has been characterized by several sources as a quiet district managed by traditional Communists.[citation needed]

Transportation &Foreigner travel edit

There is a bus from to Umba from Kandalaksha, going twice a day. The airport from Umba serves parts of the south edge of the Peninsula inaccessible by auto. Priority in buying tickets is given to locals, and reserving them was not possible at least as of September 2013; this mode of transportation cannot be considered reliable. A helicopter can be hired for around $3000 per hour (based in September 2013 information).[citation needed]

Some of the coastline near Umba is off limits to foreigners. Local police should be consulted for details. Visitors may stay in Umba itself or travel along the road that goes along the sea from Kandalaksha to Varzuga.[citation needed]

Culture, events, tourist information, travel services edit

(taken from

  • Tourist Information Center, ul. Dzherzhinskogo 40, (881559) 51744.
  • Folklore Festival three times a year
  • Pomor Rawing Regatta, yearly
  • Pomor Kuzulya (bread figurine) Festival at Kuzreka
  • Sports Fishing Contest “Fish Face”
  • Library of Pomor History and Culture, ul. Dzerzhinskogo 40, tel. 8 (81559) 51373.
  • Museum of History, Culture, and Industry of Tersky Pomors, ul. Dzherzhinskogo 78, tel. 8 (81559) 51532, open Tue. to Sat. 9am to 5pm, closed Sunday and Monday.
  • Kanozero Rock Carvings Museum, ul. Dzerzhinskogo 40, tel. 8 81559 50657, 8 911 312 9557, open Mon. to Thur. 8am to 5pm, closed for lunch noon to 1pm, Friday 8am to 12noon, closed Saturday and Sunday.
  • “Tonya Tetrina” fishing station. A history and ethnography complex. 27 km east from Umba (towards Varzuga). Tel. 8 911 343 5140.
  • Umba Students Science Society.
  • Amethyst Shore. Souvenirs, workshops. Ul. Gornaya 60, tel. 8 921 151 3991, 8 921 667 5920.
  • Stuffed Fish Studio 8 921 152 1996
  • Department of Preservation and Development of Pomor Traditions and Trades, ul. Belomorskaya 1a, tel. 8 815 59 52385. Open Tue. to Sat. 10am to 6pm (closed for lunch 2pm to 3pm), closed Sun. and Mon.
  • Suvoy Tour Agency, the village of Kuzreka, tel. 8 81559 51135, 8 911 319 8973

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Статистический сборник Численность, размещение и возрастно-половой состав населения Мурманской области. Итоги Всероссийской переписи населения. Том 1. 2012 Archived December 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine / Федеральная служба государственной статистики, Территориальный орган Федеральной службы государственной статистики по Мурманской области. Мурманск, 2012 — 75 с.
  2. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  3. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  4. ^ ИНФОРМАЦИЯ ОБ ОБЪЕКТЕ ПОЧТОВОЙ СВЯЗИ (in Russian). Russian Post. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. ^ Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  7. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  8. ^ Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Murmansk Oblast, p. 18

Sources edit

  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920–1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север".

External links edit