Tersky District, Murmansk Oblast

Tersky District (Russian: Те́рский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the six in Murmansk Oblast, Russia.[1] Municipally, it is incorporated as Tersky Municipal District.[9] It is located in the south of the Kola Peninsula and borders the White Sea in the south.[5] The area of the district is 19,300 square kilometers (7,500 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Umba.[1] District's population: 6,288 (2010 Census);[6] 7,434 (2002 Census);[11] 9,752 (1989 Census).[12] The population of Umba accounts for 88.0% of the district's total population.[6]

Tersky District

Терский район
Village (selo) Varzuga, Tersky District
Village (selo) Varzuga, Tersky District
Flag of Tersky District
Flag
Coat of arms of Tersky District
Coat of arms
Tersky District in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 66°41′N 34°20′E / 66.683°N 34.333°E / 66.683; 34.333Coordinates: 66°41′N 34°20′E / 66.683°N 34.333°E / 66.683; 34.333
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMurmansk Oblast[1]
EstablishedAugust 1, 1927[2]
Administrative centerUmba[1]
Government
 • TypeLocal government
 • BodyCouncil of Deputies[3]
 • Head[4]Leonid Shevelyov[4]
Area
 • Total19,300 km2 (7,500 sq mi)
Population
 • Total6,288
 • Estimate 
(2018)[7]
5,224 (−16.9%)
 • Density0.33/km2 (0.84/sq mi)
 • Urban
88.0%
 • Rural
12.0%
Administrative structure
 • Inhabited localities1 Urban-type settlements[8], 11 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asTersky Municipal District[9]
 • Municipal divisions[9]1 Urban settlements, 1 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[10])
OKTMO ID47620000
Websitehttp://www.terskyrayon.ru/

GeographyEdit

Most of the district's territory is at a low elevation, but there are some hills in the west. It has many lakes, such as Lakes Kanozero, Segozero, and Vyalozero, and many rivers, including the Vyala, the Serga, and the Umba.[5]

HistoryEdit

The district was established on August 1, 1927, when the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) issued two Resolutions: "On the Establishment of Leningrad Oblast" and "On the Borders and Composition of the Okrugs of Leningrad Oblast".[2] According to these resolutions, Murmansk Governorate was transformed into Murmansk Okrug, which was divided into six districts (Tersky being one of them) and included into Leningrad Oblast.[2] The administrative center of the district was established in the selo of Kuzomen;[2] however, it was transferred to Umba on August 15, 1931.[13]

In 1934, the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee developed a redistricting proposal, which was approved by the Resolution of the 4th Plenary Session of the Murmansk Okrug Committee of the VKP(b) on December 28-29, 1934 and by the Resolution of the Presidium of the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee on February 2, 1935.[14] On February 15, 1935, the VTsIK approved the redistricting of the okrug into seven districts, but did not specify what territories the new districts were to include.[14] On February 26, 1935, the Presidium of the Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee worked out the details of the new district scheme and issued a resolution, which, among other things, moved the administrative center of Tersky District to the work settlement of Lesnoy.[14]

On December 26, 1962, when the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR decreed to re-organize the Soviets of People's Deputies and the executive committees of the krais, oblasts, and districts into the industrial and agricultural soviets, Murmansk Oblast was not affected and kept one unified Oblast Soviet and the executive committee.[15] Nevertheless, on February 1, 1963, the Decree by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR established the new structure of the districts of Murmansk Oblast, which classified Tersky District as rural.[15] However, this classification only lasted for less than two years.[15] The November 21, 1964 Decree by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR restored the unified Soviets of People's Deputies and the executive committees of the krais and oblasts where the division into the urban and rural districts was introduced in 1962, and the districts of Murmansk Oblast were re-categorized as regular districts again by the January 12, 1965 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Decree.[15]

EconomyEdit

There is almost no heavy industry in the district. Fishing is the main economic activity. There are large reserves of pegmatite. The timber industry makes up over half of the industrial production of the district. Unemployment is the biggest problem in the district, with the unemployment rate being 19.3%.[when?]

PoliticsEdit

The local representative body is the Council of Deputies of Tersky District. It has fifteen deputies elected for a four-year term. The Chair of the Council of Deputies is Sergey Volkov. The Head of the District Administration is Leonid Shevelyov, who was appointed by the Council of Deputies.[5]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 34-35
  3. ^ Official website of Tersky District. Council of Deputies Archived March 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  4. ^ a b Official website of Tersky District. Structure of the Administration of Tersky District Archived March 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  5. ^ a b c d e "Tersky Municipal District". Government of Murmansk Oblast. 2005–2010. Retrieved June 29, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  7. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  8. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  9. ^ a b c Law #545-01-ZMO
  10. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  12. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  13. ^ A Guide to the State Archives, p. 194
  14. ^ a b c Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 47–48
  15. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 56

SourcesEdit