Tzofar (Hebrew: צוֹפָר) is a moshav in southern Israel. Located near Route 90, about 120 km north of Eilat, south of Sapir and north of Tzukim, it falls under the jurisdiction of Central Arava Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 419.
The name derives from the nearby Tzofar stream and is also referring to one of the "friends" of Job (f.e. Job 2:11). In the Negev there are also kibbutzim with the names of the two other "friends"; nearby former Mahane Bildad, since 2001 named Tzukim, and Elifaz in the southern Arava.
The settlement was founded as a Nahal settlement in 1968 where Bildad Camp is currently located. In 1975 it was established as a moshav by city residents and native moshavniks and relocated several kilometers north to reach is present-day location.
After the peace agreement between Israel and Jordan, Israel transferred a portion of the land area in Tzofar to Jordanian control, but Israel rented the land so that Israeli workers from the moshav could continue to cultivate it. The 25-year renewable lease ends in 2019. The Jordanian government announced its intention to end the lease, the treaty gives Jordan the right to do so only on one condition-that a one year prior notice is given, which coincided with the announcement in October 2018.
Winter farming is the main industry of the moshav. The produce is intended mainly for export, while some of it is sold locally. Vegetables grown in the moshav include melons, peppers, and tomatoes.
An attempt has been made to farm lobster in artificial ponds.
Pens for cattle have been constructed to serve as a holding place for cattle being imported into Israel.
The moshav also contains a grove of palm trees jointly owned by all the inhabitants.
A secondary source of income is tourism, based on the proximity of Tzofar to the ancient Nabatean spice route and ancient Nabatean city of Moa.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
- Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel (in Hebrew). Yuval El'azari (ed.). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. 2005. p. 456. ISBN 965-7184-34-7.
- Bitan, Hanna: 1948-1998: Fifty Years of 'Hityashvut': Atlas of Names of Settlements in Israel, Jeruusalem 1999, Carta, p.58, ISBN 965-220-423-4 (in Hebrew)
- Jordan to nix parts of peace treaty with Israel, reclaim territories, YNET, 21 October 2018